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  • Walter Ciacci

    Columbia floats on the ocean as Navy divers assist in retrieving the astronauts.

  • Jeff Dyer

    The Apollo 11 crew await pickup by a helicopter from the USS Hornet, prime recovery ship for the historic lunar landing mission. The fourth man in the life raft is a United States Navy underwater demolition team swimmer. All four men are wearing biological isolation garments. The Apollo 11 Command Module Columbia splashed down at 11:49 a.m. CDT, July 24, 1969, about 812 nautical miles southwest of Hawaii and only 12 nautical miles from the USS Hornet.(NASA)

  • The Sassy Atheist

    45 years ago now: ‪‎Apollo11‬ splashes down bringing Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin & Michael Collins home to Earth.

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Professor Bell opening the line between New York and Chicago [from Sun and Shade, 1895] Today in 1876 Alexander Graham Bell was granted a patent for an invention he calls the "telephone".

The Selma to Montgomery Civil Rights March, 1965

In honor of the tragedy that was Bloody Sunday: Bystanders cheering the Selma to Montgomery March, 1965.

November 22, 1963, President Lyndon B. Johnson takes the oath of office aboard Air Force One.

November 22, 1963. The assassination of JFK.

November 15, 1777 - The second Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union.

November 14, 1851 - Moby-Dick, a novel by Herman Melville about the voyage of the whaling ship Pequod, is published by Harper & Brothers in New York.

October 17, 1906. Wilhelm Voigt, a 57-year-old German shoemaker, impersonates an army officer and leads an entire squad of soldiers to help him steal 4,000 marks. Voigt, who had a long criminal record, humiliated the German army by exploiting their blind obedience to authority and getting them to assist in his audacious robbery.

October 15, 1815 - Napoleon Bonaparte exiled on Island of St Helena at 51

October 4, 1861, President Lincoln observes a balloon demonstration near Washington, D.C. Both Confederate and Union armies experimented with using balloons to gather military intelligence in the early stages of the war, but the balloons proved to be dangerous and impractical for most situations. The primary figure in the Union's experiment with balloons was Thaddeus S. C. Lowe, an inventor who had been working with hydrogen balloons for several years before the war.

October 2, 1919, President Woodrow Wilson, who had just cut short a tour of the country to promote the formation of the League of Nations, suffers a stroke. The tour's intense schedule--8,000 miles in 22 days--cost Wilson his health. He suffered constant headaches during the tour, finally collapsing from exhaustion in Pueblo, Colorado, in late September. He managed to return to Washington, only to suffer a near-fatal stroke on October 2.

September 27, 1905 - The physics journal “Annalen der Physik” published Albert Einstein's paper "Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?", introducing the equation E=mc².

Today in History - September 5, 1961 - JFK begins underground nuclear testing, and also signs an amendment to the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 making the hijacking of US commercial airliners punishable by death.

September 26, 1960 - The first televised debate between presidential candidates for the 1960 election takes place in Chicago between U.S. Senator John F. Kennedy, the Democratic nominee, and Vice President Richard Nixon, the Republican nominee. The debate was watched by an estimated 80 million viewers. The debate was a success for Kennedy who was generally considered to have won the televised debate.

September 23, 1875 - Billy the Kid is arrested for the first time after stealing a basket of laundry. He later broke out of jail and roamed the American West, eventually earning a reputation as an outlaw.

September 23, 1779. During the American Revolution, the U.S. ship Bonhomme Richard, commanded by John Paul Jones, wins a hard-fought engagement against the British ships of war Serapis and Countess of Scarborough, off the eastern coast of England.

On September 23, 1846, German astronomer Johann Gottfried Galle discovers the planet Neptune at the Berlin Observatory. Neptune, generally the eighth planet from the sun. Le Verrier informed Galle of his findings, and the same night Galle and his assistant Heinrich Louis d'Arrest identified Neptune at their observatory in Berlin. Noting its movement relative to background stars over 24 hours confirmed that it was a planet.

September 32, 1806. Meriwether Lewis and William Clark return to St. Louis, Missouri, from the first recorded overland journey from the Mississippi River to the Pacific coast and back. The Lewis and Clark Expedition had set off more than two years before to explore the territory of the Louisiana Purchase. On May 14, two and a half years after the start of the "Corps of Discovery," featuring 28 men and one woman—a Native American named Sacagawea, left St. Louis for the American interior

9/20/1962 Black student James Meredith is barred from enrolling at the University of Mississippi by the segregationist Governor Ross R. Barnett. Following the US Circuit Court of Appeals who ordered James Meredith admitted to the Univ. of Miss, he became the first black student at the University of Mississippi on October 1, 1962. This led to rioting on campus, requiring President John F. Kennedy. to send federal troops and U.S. Marshals to take control of the riots.

On the evening of September 20, 1777, near Paoli, Pennsylvania, General Charles Grey and nearly 5,000 British soldiers launch a surprise attack on a small regiment of Patriot troops commanded by General Anthony Wayne in what becomes known as the Paoli Massacre. Not wanting to lose the element of surprise, Grey ordered his troops to empty their muskets and to use only bayonets or swords to attack the sleeping Americans under the cover of darkness.

Today in History - September 19, 1979 - No Nukes Concert at Madison Square Garden; performers include Bruce Springsteen and Crosby, Stills & Nash.

September 16, 1932 - Mahatma Gandhi begins his hunger strike in opposition to Britain new Caste Separation Laws.

Today in History - September 13, 1949 - The communist government in Czechoslovakia arrested 15 Roman Catholic priests on the charges of running a secret communications ring. The government believed the priests were planning political unrest, but the priests maintained it was just a means of keeping in contact with fellow members.

September 12, 1940 - Four teens, following their dog down a hole near Lascaux France, discover 17,000-year-old drawings now known as Lascaux Cave Paintings

September 9, 1908 - Orville Wright makes his first one hour airplane flight in Fort Myer, Virginia.