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Alexander Fleming was the discoverer of Penicillin, something that changed medicine forever. He discovered it in 1928 but it not be until 1941 when some British scientists discovered how to make it into a usable drug. It changed the course of history. It's sad to say that after WW2 many pharmaceutical companies tried to seize control of the drug and the result was that thousands died for want of the drug.

Isaac Newton (Brithish physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist, and theologian. He is considered the most influential scientist that ever lived. discovering universal gravitation, revolving planets, inventing a reflective telescope, discovered color theory based on prism light colors and also credited with Gottfried Leibniz for the development of integral and differential calculus.

September 15, 1928 Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin On this day in 1928, Scottish bacteriologist Alexander Fleming discovered the antibiotic penicillin. Fleming’s discovery revolutionized medicine and has saved countless people from fatal infections.

Marie Curie was a woman before her time. Born in 1867, in Poland, she was a genius in physics and in chemistry; she is the first woman ever to receive a Nobel Prize and the only woman in history to receive two Nobel Prizes.

Rita Levi-Montalcini, Knight Grand Cross, is an Italian neurologist who, together with colleague Stanley Cohen, received the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their discovery of nerve growth factor. She is the oldest living recipient at 103 (born April 22, 1909)

Sir Alexander Fleming (1881-1955): British microbiologists who discovered penicillin in 1928; ran an experiment in which he exposed bacteria to low levels of penicillin & gradually increased the exposure; in each successive generation, more bacteria could withstand the effects of the drug; warned that bacteria could evolve resistance to penicillin if the drug wasn't properly prescribed

Dr.Jane Cooke Wright, African American Cancer Research Living Legend and Pioneer. See more details about her life and work at: "Changing the Face of Medicine": http://www.nlm.nih.gov/changingthefaceofmedicine/physicians/biography_336.html

1917, Katherine McCormick, first female biology graduate from MIT and millionaire philanthropist, aligns with Margaret Sanger and smuggles diaphragms into the US. Unlike condoms, diaphragms put control of fertility in women’s hands. Later she funds research that leads to the pill.

1858 – She refused to give up her seat or ride in the “colored” section of a segregated trolley car in Philadelphia (100 years before Rosa Parks) and wrote one of her most famous poems, “Bury Me In A Free Land,” when she got very sick while on a lecturing tour. Her short story “The Two Offers” became the first short story to be published by an African American.

James Watson (U.S.) partnered with Francis Crick in England to discover the double helix structure of DNA and its genetic implications. He and Crick were awarded the Nobel prize in Physiology in 1962. 1928.

Karl Landsteiner was the scientist who discovered blood groups in 1901. He is the father of modern transfusion and received the Nobel Prize in 1930 for his work. It would not be until 1937 that all the kinks in blood transfusion would be worked out. He also discovered the Polio virus. He was one of the men who helped make modern medicine possible.

The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks -- A poor black tobacco farmer whose cells—taken without her knowledge in 1951 and now called HeLa cells—became one of the most important tools in medicine, vital for developing the polio vaccine, cloning, gene mapping, in vitro fertilization, and more. Henrietta’s cells have been bought and sold by the billions, yet she remains virtually unknown, and her family can’t afford health insurance.

Marie Curie (1867-1934) won not one but two Nobel prizes, one in physics (1903) and one in chemistry (1911) despite being a woman.

Rosalind Franklin: female scientist instrumental in discovering the structure of DNA

Before graduate student Mike King began using his given name, Martin Luther, before Detroit Red changed his name to Malcolm X, and before Medgar Evers joined the NAACP, civil rights activist Harry T. Moore and his wife, Harritte, were murdered. He was the first civil rights leader to be assassinated, but few know his name. His murder was the spark that ignited the American civil rights movement, but even fewer know his story.

Bronka Klibanski, 1942. Jewish resistance. She obtained critical weapons for the Bialystok ghetto revolt, gathered intelligence, rescued other Jews and saved the secret archive of the ghetto; continued her underground activities after the Bialystok ghetto was destroyed, working with five young women to continue rescuing & helping Jews. They also smuggled weapons, supplies and medicine to the partisans in the forests near Bialystok, and were awarded medals as heroines of the USSR after the…

Shortly after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Colonel Ruby Bradley was captured by the Japanese in the Philippines. After her capture, Bradley continued to work as a nurse in prisoner of war camps until 1945. She is the most-decorated woman in US military history.

Harriet Tubman (born Araminta Ross; c. March 1822 – March 10, 1913) was an African-American abolitionist, humanitarian and Union spy during the American Civil War. After escaping from slavery, into which she was born, she made 13 missions to rescue more than 70 slaves using the network of antislavery activists and safe houses known as the Underground Railroad. She later helped John Brown recruit men for his raid on Harpers Ferry, and in the post-war era struggled for women's suffrage

Jane Addams was founder of Hull House in Chicago, an early settlement house, and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.

Lucy Stone - determined that men were reading the Bible in a way to suppress women, she worked her way through school to learn Greek and Latin to prove them wrong. Kept her last name, chopped her hair off, scandalously wore precursors to pants, was kicked out of church for arguing that women had the right to own property and to be able to divorce abusive alcoholic husbands. Considered a true radical for her time, she spoke in public frequently and headed multiple prominent womens…