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  • Craig Bialick

    Stones River National Battlefield, Murfreesboro, TN (1863) Total casualties in the battle were 24,645: 12,906 on the Union side and 11,739 for the Confederates. Considering that only about 76,400 men were engaged, this was the highest percentage of killed and wounded of any major battle in the Civil War, higher in absolute numbers than the infamous bloodbaths at Shiloh and Antietam earlier that year.

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Río Negro, Guatemala: More than 440 Maya Achi were killed in the village of Río Negro alone, and the string of extrajudicial killings that claimed up to 5,000 lives between 1980 and 1982 became known as the Río Negro Massacres.

Lord Dunmore, John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore (1732 – 1809), colonial governor of Virginia at the outbreak of the American Revolution.

Arthur St. Clair (1737-1818) General presiding over the worst defeat in US Military History at the hands of the Indian Confederacy under Little Turtle and Blue Jacket in Battle of the Wabash, 1791.

Jim Jones (1931 – November 18, 1978)

The Waco Siege. Branch Dravidian Compound, Elk TX (1993) After a 51 day standoff, the FBI employed pyrotechnics which set fire to the buildings resulting in the deaths of 76 men, women, and children.

Yellow Fever. (1647-1905) First outbreak in English-speaking North America occurred in New York in 1668. The Mississippi River Valley recorded major outbreaks in 1669. At least 25 major outbreaks took place throughout the 18th & 19th centuries, including particularly serious ones in Cartagena, Cuba, Philadelphia, Santo Domingo, Baltimore, New York, Memphis, and New Orleans, causing some 100,000–150,000 deaths in North America alone.

Established as "James Fort" on May 14th, 1607 Jamestown was the first permanent English settlement in the Americas. The land was swampy, isolated, was plagued by mosquitoes and brackish tidal river water unsuitable for drinking. 2/3 of the settlers died before the first supply ships arrived in 1608. In the "starving time" of 1609–1610, settlers fared even worse. Only 61 of the 500 colonists survived the period. Some had been reduced to beasts, murdering and cannibalizing one another.

Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville (1680-1767) governor of French Louisiana, appointed 4 separate times during 1701-1743. Over the course of three years (1736-1739) he fought against the Chickasaw in northern Mississippi, losing 730 French troops and perhaps one hundred Indian allies in long, expensive, campaigns that accomplished nothing.

The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire NYC on March 25, 1911, was one of the deadliest industrial disasters in the history of the city of New York and resulted in the fourth highest loss of life from an industrial accident in U.S. history. 146 people died as a result of the fire: 129 women and 17 men.

Rock Island Barracks, IL. Major outbreaks of smallpox from the beginning; inadequate water, medical care and no hospital ward. During the 20 months it operated, Rock Island held a total of 12,400 prisoners; 1,960 died in confinement

Alton Military Prison, IL opened as a "military detention camp" early in 1862. Severe overcrowding and bad sanitation brought on a smallpox epidemic which killed as many as a dozen Southern prisoners a day.

Camp Douglas, Military Prison near Chicago. Total of about 30,000 prisoners; high point was Dec 1864, with more than 12,000 names on the roll, at least 4,450 of whom died (a death rate of 9%).

Elmira Prison, NY. was known in the South as "Hell-mira." During the 15 months the site was used as a prisoner of war camp more than 12,100 Confederate soldiers were incarcerated there; of these, nearly 25% (2,963) died from a combination of malnutrition, continued exposure to harsh winter weather, and disease from the poor sanitary conditions on Foster's Pond combined with a lack of medical care.

Camp Morton, near Indianapolis, IN. where more than 1,700 CSA died during the course of the War. Housed in unfloored barracks within an enclosure, it was impossible for prisoners to keep clean -- or to keep warm in winter because fuel was extremely scarce despite the large number of trees in the enclosure (which prisoners were forbidden to cut).

Andersonville Prison, Georgia. Of the approximately 45,000 Union prisoners held at Camp Sumter during the war, nearly 13,000 died of starvation, malnutrition, diarrhea or communicable diseases.

Ronald Reagan (1981-1989) 40th President of the United States

Robert Strange McNamara (1916-2009) Eighth Secretary of Defense, serving under Presidents Kennedy and Johnson from 1961 to 1968, during which time he played a large role in escalating the United States involvement in the Vietnam War.

Lyndon B. Johnson (1908-1973) 36th President of the United States

Richard Milhous Nixon (1913-1994) 37th President of the United States

Henry Kissinger (b.1923) Nixon's secretary of state played a key role in America's secret bombing of Cambodia which killed an estimated 40,000 Cambodian combatants and civilians. He also upported CIA efforts to overthrow Chile's Salvador Allende.

The Nixon Cabinet 1968 ~ Donald Rumsfeld, John Volpe, Peter Peterson, Melvin Laird, Richard M. Nixon, William Rogers, Rogers C.B. Morton, Elliot Richardson, Caspar Weinberger. Robert Finch, George Romney, Earl Butz, George Shultz, Vice President Spiro Agnew, Richard Kleindienst, James Hodgson, David Kennedy, Ambassador to the UN George H. Bush.

Jefferson Davis (1808-1889) President of the Confederate States of America (1861-1865)

Harry S. Truman (1884-1972) the 33rd President of the United States. Two atomic bombs detonated over Japanese cities, 1945

Governor Josiah Winslow (1628-1680) fomented King Phillips War (1675-1678)