Mother Goddess (Matrika) Post-Gupta period, mid- 6th century, India. One of a group of 7 mother goddesses sprung from a Hindu male god. Despite their beauty, matrikas represent dangerous and malevolent forces—the devourers of children and bearers of sickness and disease. Though integral to early temple iconography, their power was so threatening they were marginalized, consigned to shrines beyond city boundaries. Their combined power is understood to be embodied in the mother goddess, Durga.
The Goddess Inanna in breast-offering pose. As early as 3500 B.C.E. Inanna was worshiped as the great Goddess of Sumeria. Also known as Queen of Heaven and Earth, Priestess of Heaven, Light of the World, First Daughter of the Moon, Righteous Justice, Holy Shepherdess, and Loud Thundering Storm.