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    Apadana audience hall of Darius and Xerxes, c. 515 BCE. Note: Columns influenced by the Greeks. Begun by Darius and completed under Xerxes, Apadana served as a large audience hall for Darius. The work began in 515 BC and was completed 30 years later. It was the largest building of the complex, supported by numerous columns and lined on three sides with open porches. The palace had a grand hall in the shape of a square, each side 60m long with seventy-two columns, thirteen of which still stand on the enormous platform. Relief artwork, originally painted and sometimes gilded, covered the walls of the Apadana depicting warriors defending the palace complex.

    One of the lions from the glazed brick friezes found in the apadana (large hypostyle hall) in Darius the Great's palace in Susa Shush. Darius I (550–486 BCE) was the third king of the Persian Achaemenid Empire. Louvre.

    'Hathor headed columns in Dendera.' The columns in the outer hypostyle hall (or pronaos) of the Hathor Temple at Dendera, Egypt

    Persian Column, Persepolis, Iran.

    Isis and Horus

    Genie with a poppy flower. Relief from the Palace of king Sargon II at Dur Sharrukin in Assyria (now Khorsabad in Iraq), 716–713 BC.

    King Ashurbanipal on his Chariot, Assyrian Reliefwork, from Palace at Nineveh, 650 BC

    Peloponissos, Mycenae, The Lions Gate to Agamemnon's palace

    Sphinx - Winged sphinx from the palace of Darius the Great during Persian Empire at Susa (480 BC).

    Ziggurats ("to build on a raised area") were massive structures erected in the ancient Mesopotamian valley and western Iranian plateau, having the form of a terraced step pyramid of successively receding stories or levels. Ziggurats were built by the Sumerians, Babylonians, Elamites, Akkadians, and Assyrians, each part of a temple complex which included other buildings.

    Winged bull between two floral friezes Circa 510 BC Palace of Darius I, Susa, Iran

    winged ibex used as handle of vase from Palace of Darius I, from Shush (ancient Susa), Iran

    Xerxes, Darius and Pharnaces

    The Architectural Orders.

    Human headed lions, Nineveh, near present day Mosul, Iraq. Nineveh was one of the oldest and greatest cities in antiquity. The area was settled as early as 6000 BC and, by 3000 BC, had become an important religious center for worship of the Assyrian goddess Ishtar. The early city (and subsequent buildings) were constructed on a fault line and, consequently, suffered damage from a number of earthquakes.

    Thermopolium in Pompeii | A thermopolium is a kind of Roman bar which served hot and cold drinks. The tiled bar-top is fitted with recessed terracotta jars that would have contained the drinks. On the back wall is a fresco painting: specifically it is a lararium (a shrine to Roman household gods), featuring Bacchus on the far right and Mercury on the far left. This particular example is called the thermopolium of Vetutius Placidus and is located on the Via dell'Abbondanza in Pompeii.

    Niniveh.Nebi Yunus.Head of a lamassu at the iraqi excavation of the entrance to a late Assyrian building east of the mosque.

    Solar Boat This cedar boat is one of two found by the Great Pyramid at Giza, intact but dismantled. It took 12 years to reconstruct it. There is another one still in its original pit, and there were three additional pits on the other side that were empty. The king needed 2 to travel with the sun across the sky, 2 to travel through the night, and one to cross to the underworld

    The palace of king Darius I the Great in Persepolis

    Gilgamesh, also known as Bilgames in early Sumerian texts, was the fifth king of Uruk around 2500 BC for 126 years. In the Tummal Inscription, Gilgamesh, and his son Urlugal, rebuilt the sanctuary of the goddess Ninlil. In Mesopotamian mythology, he is demigod (two-thirds god and one-third man) with superhuman strength. The lion looks like a little cat!!

    Frieze of griffins - Achaemenid Period - Reign of Darius, about 510 BC. Palace of Darius, Susa. Louvre museum