Apadana audience hall of Darius and Xerxes, c. 515 BCE. Note: Columns influenced by the Greeks. Begun by Darius and completed under Xerxes, Apadana served as a large audience hall for Darius. The work began in 515 BC and was completed 30 years later. It was the largest building of the complex, supported by numerous columns and lined on three sides with open porches. The palace had a grand hall in the shape of a square, each side 60m long with seventy-two columns, thirteen of which still stan...

Tachara of Darius, Tachar Château, Mirror Hall or exclusive palace of Darius I is one of the interior Persepolis Palaces. The meaning in olden Persian is wintry home. It was built by Darius I but only a small portion of the palace was finished under his rule, and it was completed after his death in 486 by his son and successor Xerxes I, who called the house a Taçara, winter palace. Artaxerxes I continued to use the palace. Its ruins are immediately south of the Apadana.


Genie with a poppy flower. Relief from the Palace of king Sargon II at Dur Sharrukin in Assyria (now Khorsabad in Iraq), 716–713 BC.

Winged bull between two floral friezes Circa 510 BC Palace of Darius I, Susa, Iran

'Hathor headed columns in Dendera.' The columns in the outer hypostyle hall (or pronaos) of the Hathor Temple at Dendera, Egypt

King Ashurbanipal on his Chariot, Assyrian Reliefwork, from Palace at Nineveh, 650 BC

Sphinx - Winged sphinx from the palace of Darius the Great during Persian Empire at Susa (480 BC).

Xerxes I of Persia (meaning "ruling over heroes"), also known as Xerxes the Great (519–465 BC), was the fourth King of Kings of Persia. Immediately after seizing the kingship, Darius I of Persia (son of Hystaspes) married Atossa (daughter of Cyrus the Great). Xerxes was crowned and succeeded his father Darius I, when he was about 36 years old. The transition of power to Xerxes was smooth due again in part to the great authority of Atossa.

winged ibex used as handle of vase from Palace of Darius I, from Shush (ancient Susa), Iran

Persian Column, Persepolis, Iran.

Peloponissos, Mycenae, The Lions Gate to Agamemnon's palace

One of the lions from the glazed brick friezes found in the apadana (large hypostyle hall) in Darius the Great's palace in Susa Shush. Darius I (550–486 BCE) was the third king of the Persian Achaemenid Empire. Louvre.

Isis and Horus

Xerxes, Darius and Pharnaces

Thermopolium in Pompeii | A thermopolium is a kind of Roman bar which served hot and cold drinks. The tiled bar-top is fitted with recessed terracotta jars that would have contained the drinks. On the back wall is a fresco painting: specifically it is a lararium (a shrine to Roman household gods), featuring Bacchus on the far right and Mercury on the far left. This particular example is called the thermopolium of Vetutius Placidus and is located on the Via dell'Abbondanza in Pompeii.

Frieze of griffins - Achaemenid Period - Reign of Darius, about 510 BC. Palace of Darius, Susa. Louvre museum

The cartonnage case of Djedkhonsefankh, who was a priest of Amun in the late 9th century BCE. Cartonnage cases were used as the innermost coffins during dynasties 22-24, and were made in a similar manner to papier mache, with plastered and painted linen. A seam on the back allowed the mummy to be inserted.