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Xerxes I of Persia (meaning "ruling over heroes"), also known as Xerxes the Great (519–465 BC), was the fourth King of Kings of Persia. Immediately after seizing the kingship, Darius I of Persia (son of Hystaspes) married Atossa (daughter of Cyrus the Great). Xerxes was crowned and succeeded his father Darius I, when he was about 36 years old. The transition of power to Xerxes was smooth due again in part to the great authority of Atossa.
The palace of king Darius I the Great in Persepolis was built by Darius, but only a small portion of the palace was finished under Darius' rule. It was completed after his death in 486 by his son and successor Xerxes, who called the house a Taçara, "winter palace", in Antiquity. Its ruins are immediately south of the Apadana. Persepolis, Tachara Palace depicts tribute-bearing dignitaries. This palace was one of the structures that escaped destruction in the burning of the complex by Alexander.
The Apadana (Audience Hall) of Darius and Xerxes. Persepolis. This hall could contain hundreds and maybe thousands of people at the same time. It was the largest building in Persepolis. The seventy-two columns which supported the roof were twenty-five meters high. The founding inscription reads: Darius the great king, king of kings, king of countries, son of Hystaspes, an Achaemenian, built this palace. Its eastern stairs are famous.