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Tribute Bearer and Achaemenid Guide on the Apadana Staircase. The Apadana palace was built by Darius in the western side of Persepolis, which was used by the king for official audiences. Work was began in 515 BCE, with his son Xerxes I completing it 30 years later. Persepolis was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire, and is situated in Iran. Photo courtesy & taken by A.Davey.
The Apadana (Audience Hall) of Darius and Xerxes. Persepolis. This hall could contain hundreds and maybe thousands of people at the same time. It was the largest building in Persepolis. The seventy-two columns which supported the roof were twenty-five meters high. The founding inscription reads: Darius the great king, king of kings, king of countries, son of Hystaspes, an Achaemenian, built this palace. Its eastern stairs are famous.
An 5th C BC inscription in three languages by Xerxes the Great praising Athuramazda, the greatest of their gods, can be found on a smoothed section of the rock face, some 60 feet above the ground near the Fortress of Van in Turkey. The niche was originally carved out by Xerxes' father King Darius, but he left the surface blank. The inscription survives in near perfect condition and is divided into three columns of 27 lines written in Old Persian,
The Tripylon ("triple gate") of Persepolis can be found between the Apadana and the Hall of Hundred Columns.
During the Old Babylonian period (ca. 2000–1600 B.C.), after the collapse of the Third Dynasty of Ur, much of the Middle East—from western Syria to southern Iraq—was ruled by dynasties that claimed Amorite lineage. Amorite, a Semitic dialect like the Akkadian used earlier in Mesopotamia, had been spoken by nomads in the north since the mid-third millennium B.C. The most famous of these rulers was Hammurabi of Babylon,