Apadana audience hall of Darius and Xerxes, c. 515 BCE. Note: Columns influenced by the Greeks. Begun by Darius and completed under Xerxes, Apadana served as a large audience hall for Darius. The work began in 515 BC and was completed 30 years later. It was the largest building of the complex, supported by numerous columns and lined on three sides with open porches. The palace had a grand hall in the shape of a square, each side 60m long with seventy-two columns, thirteen of which still stan...

Blessing goddess with Hathoric hairdress. Silver-plated bronze, Phoenician art, 8th century BC. Louvre Museum, Paris. Photographer: Marie-Lan Nguyen

Construction on the ancient "City of the Persians," or Persepolis, began around 518 B.C.E. on a site chosen by Darius I from lands conquered by Cyrus the Great. It took over 100 years to build and was one of the most magnificent cities in the ancient world. Persepolis is located 70 km northeast of the modern city of Shiraz in the Fars Province of present day Iran.

One of the lions from the glazed brick friezes found in the apadana (large hypostyle hall) in Darius the Great's palace in Susa Shush. Darius I (550–486 BCE) was the third king of the Persian Achaemenid Empire. Louvre.

The palace of king Darius I the Great in Persepolis was built by Darius, but only a small portion of the palace was finished under Darius' rule. It was completed after his death in 486 by his son and successor Xerxes, who called the house a Taçara, "winter palace", in Antiquity. Its ruins are immediately south of the Apadana. Persepolis, Tachara Palace depicts tribute-bearing dignitaries. This palace was one of the structures that escaped destruction in the burning of the complex by Alexan...

nubian pyramids

Darius the Great (550–486 BCE)

The Persian Empire The Achaemenids were the first line of Persian rulers, founded by the chieftain Achaemenes (Hakaimanish) around 700 BCE. Around 653 BCE the Medes came under the domination of the Scythians, and the son of Achaemenes, a certain Teispes, seems to have led the nomadic Persians to settle in southern Iran around this time -- eventually establishing the first organized Persian state in the important region of Anshan.

The ancient ruins of the the city of Persepolis, Iran. Built around 500 BC by Darius I, this incredible city once served as the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire. It was a huge undertaking of art and architecture. Today all that remains are the city’s ruins, but it is still one of Iran’s most famous archaeological finds and has been listed as a UNESCO Site.

Susa, Iran Earliest inhabitation: 4,200 BCE, was the capital of the Elamite Empire before being captured by the Assyrians. It was then taken by the Achaemenid Persian under Cyrus the Great and is the setting of The Persians, an Athenian tragedy by Aeschylus and the oldest surviving play in the history of theatre. The modern city, Shush, has a population of around 65,000.

Genie with a poppy flower. Relief from the Palace of king Sargon II at Dur Sharrukin in Assyria (now Khorsabad in Iraq), 716–713 BC.

Babylonian grammatical text stone tablet. Used in the research and assembly of a 21-volume dictionary of the language of ancient Mesopotamia and its Babylonian and Assyrian dialects. Unspoken for 2,000 years but preserved on clay tablets and in stone inscriptions deciphered over the last two centuries. Dictionary finally completed by scholars at the University of Chicago. #Mesopotamia #archaeology #writing

Zoroastrian. Persian King Ataxerxes, Acheamenid dynasty, worships Goddess Annita, who sits atop a lion.

King Ashurbanipal on his Chariot, Assyrian Reliefwork, from Palace at Nineveh, 650 BC

Persian Column, Persepolis, Iran.

Mespotamia

DARIUS THE GREAT: King of Persia (522-486 B.C.)

Winged bull between two floral friezes Circa 510 BC Palace of Darius I, Susa, Iran

Sphinx - Winged sphinx from the palace of Darius the Great during Persian Empire at Susa (480 BC).

Seated Scribe (2620–2500 BC) Old Kingdom, Painted limestone sculpture originally from Saqqarah, Egypt ; Louvre Museum, Paris.

Apadana palace ruins