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Bonka Perry
Bonka Perry • 2 years ago

Apadana audience hall of Darius and Xerxes, c. 515 BCE. Note: Columns influenced by the Greeks. Begun by Darius and completed under Xerxes, Apadana served as a large audience hall for Darius. The work began in 515 BC and was completed 30 years later. It was the largest building of the complex, supported by numerous columns and lined on three sides with open porches. The palace had a grand hall in the shape of a square, each side 60m long with seventy-two columns, thirteen of which still stand on the enormous platform. Relief artwork, originally painted and sometimes gilded, covered the walls of the Apadana depicting warriors defending the palace complex.

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Double Bull Capital on Fluted Column Persepolis, Apadana Limestone Achaemenid Period Reigns of Darius I and Xerxes 522-465 BCE

The higher part of a column from Apadana of Persepolis, Iran.

Tribute Bearer and Achaemenid Guide on the Apadana Staircase. The Apadana palace was built by Darius in the western side of Persepolis, which was used by the king for official audiences. Work was began in 515 BCE, with his son Xerxes I completing it 30 years later. Persepolis was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire, and is situated in Iran. Photo courtesy & taken by A.Davey.

The Apadana (Audience Hall) of Darius and Xerxes. Persepolis. This hall could contain hundreds and maybe thousands of people at the same time. It was the largest building in Persepolis. The seventy-two columns which supported the roof were twenty-five meters high. The founding inscription reads: Darius the great king, king of kings, king of countries, son of Hystaspes, an Achaemenian, built this palace. Its eastern stairs are famous.

Double Bull Iran,Persepolis,Apadana Reigns of Darius and Xerxes,522-465 BC

Apadana palace ruins

An 5th C BC inscription in three languages by Xerxes the Great praising Athuramazda, the greatest of their gods, can be found on a smoothed section of the rock face, some 60 feet above the ground near the Fortress of Van in Turkey. The niche was originally carved out by Xerxes' father King Darius, but he left the surface blank. The inscription survives in near perfect condition and is divided into three columns of 27 lines written in Old Persian,

The Tripylon ("triple gate") of Persepolis can be found between the Apadana and the Hall of Hundred Columns.

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