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Unearthed in a French field in 1897, this Celtic calendar uses Roman numerals and Gaulish words and has holes to hold pegs allowing the tracking of days. It was far more sophisticated than the time keeping system of the Roman conquerors.

Coatlicue, the Aztec Mother of the Gods. The word Coatlicue is Nahuatl for "the one with the skirt of serpents". She is referred to variously by the epithets "Mother Goddess of the Earth who gives birth to all celestial things", "Goddess of Fire and Fertility", "Goddess of Life, Death and Rebirth", and "Mother of the Southern Stars."

Carved stone yoke of the Totonac culture, Mesoamerican, c. 600-900 www.artsconnected...

The Book of the Dead is the modern name of an ancient Egyptian funerary text, used from the beginning of the New Kingdom (around 1550 BC) to around 50 BC. The original Egyptian name for the text, transliterated rw nw prt m hrw is tranlated as "Book of Coming Forth by Day." Another translation would be "Book of emerging forth into the Light."

Thai deer headdress. From the collection of the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco.

14th c. Norse calendar of saint and feast days. Bone (via #spinpicks)

Pictographs recording the allocation of beer; southern Iraq, 3100-3000 BC

Portrait bust of a daughter of King Akhenaten. Elongated skull shape was idolized during Akhenaten's rule. Both the Pharaoh himself and his offspring had this feature - whether due genetic defect or something else is not quite certain.

Kurba is an old Russian village of Yaroslavl oblast situated 20 km southwest of Yaroslavl on the open high place on the right bank of the river Kurbitsy. The main attraction of the village is the Church of Kazan Mother of God Icon. This is interesting in its architecture building. The masters, who built this church, were inspired by the motifs of baroque combining them with traditional methods of Yaroslavl architecture of the 17th century. The photos by av_otus.

Sir Charles Leonard Woolley (17 April 1880 – 20 February 1960) was a British archaeologist best known for his excavations at Ur in Mesopotamia. He is considered to have been one of the first "modern" archaeologists, and was knighted in 1935 for his contributions to the discipline of archaeology.

Statues from the temple at Eshunna, c. 2,700 BCE

Figure of Khafaje, c. 2,700 BCE. Ancient Sumerian figures are stylized, with big wide eyes, and stiff bodies with no extending limbs.

Bull-head Lyre, c. 2,600 BCE from the Royal Cemetary, Ur

Gold Headdress c. 2,600 BCE, from the Royal Cemetary, Ur

Goat Offering Stard, c. 2,600 BCE, from the Royal Cemetary, Ur

Stele of Hammurabi, c. 1,780 BCE. Note: Early example of foreshortenning technique in the Shamash (sun god) figure to the right

Apadana audience hall of Darius and Xerxes, c. 515 BCE. Note: Columns influenced by the Greeks. Begun by Darius and completed under Xerxes, Apadana served as a large audience hall for Darius. The work began in 515 BC and was completed 30 years later. It was the largest building of the complex, supported by numerous columns and lined on three sides with open porches. The palace had a grand hall in the shape of a square, each side 60m long with seventy-two columns, thirteen of which still stand on the enormous platform. Relief artwork, originally painted and sometimes gilded, covered the walls of the Apadana depicting warriors defending the palace complex.

Xerxes, Darius and Pharnaces

Cuneiform script is one of the earliest known forms of written expression. Emerging in Sumer around the 30th century BC, with predecessors reaching into the late 4th millennium (the Uruk IV period), cuneiform writing began as a system of pictographs.


Isis and Horus

Off the southern shore of Okinawa, Japan, under 20 to 100 feet of water lie enigmatic structures that may have been built by some ancient, “lost civilization”.