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The Appaloosa almost disappeared in 1876 when tribal lands were seized by the US Government. Indians were being moved onto reservations. The Nez Perce did not surrender peacefully and ended up conducting a fighting retreat through the mountains. Their goal was to seek sanctuary in Canada, but after a march of about 1,300 miles they were forced to surrender in the Bear Paw Mountains of Montana, just short of the border. Their belongings were confiscated and their horses were slaughtered.