A rather innocuous picture of Dutch Jews arriving at Theresienstadt. Though technically a Concentration and Transport Camp, tens of thousands of people died at Theresienstadt of disease, starvation, and brutality. Unlike other camps, Theresienstadt held mostly political prisoners of Dutch, Polish, Russian, Czech, and other nationalities. Most Jews were at Theresienstadt for only a short time before being transported to an Extermination Camp.
The crematorium at Majdanek concentration camp, Lublin, Nazi-occupied Poland, 1944. The liberation of Lublin in Poland by the Soviet Red Army in July 1944 also revealed a huge concentration camp and extermination camp, where the Nazis carried out mass murder on a vast scale. Victims of the camp included Poles, Jews of all nationalities, French, Greeks, Dutch, Italians, Belgians, Yugoslavians, Hungarians and anti-Nazi Republican Spaniards.
This mass grave of murdered Jews was the handiwork of an Einsatzgruppen der Sicherheitspolizei, a group of SS whose sole purpose was the extermination of Jews and other "undesirables". Overseen by Reinhardt Heydrich, the four Einsatzgruppen were comprised of units of Einsatzkommandos which traveled with the Wermacht in order to "purify" newly conquered territories. Each group contained 500 to 800 men. It is estimated that they were responsible for over one million deaths.
This handout photo provided by the Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial in...
Henk Drogt served as a policeman during WW2 when he was ordered in 1943 to round up Jews in the city of Groningen, in the north of the country. He refused and joined the Dutch resistance, helping many Allied pilots who were shot down escape and get back to Britain. In August 1943 he was arrested and later executed by the Nazis. His son received in his father's name on September 22, 2008, Israel's highest honor for people who rescued Jews from the Holocaust, the Righteous Among the Nations.
A Jew, beard newly shorn, is forced to carry stones amid the taunts and slaps of German soldiers. Several of the men appear to be Hungarian auxiliaries. Hungarians made up a large percentage of several Einsatzgruppe, and were notorious for their brutality that was seen as excessive even among other brutal men. And, the Germans laugh and smile. Among friends and family of today, how many do you know who would gladly participate in such acts as this, and laugh all the while? I'm afraid to…
#History Pic: A Dutch woman who survived the "Hongerwinter", the Hungry Winter of 1944-45 in which the occupied Netherlands was denied any food or fuel by the Germans as punishment for supporting the Allies.
Affidavit signed by Rudolf Hoess, former commandant of Auschwitz, attesting to the gassing of Jews at the killing center during his tenure. The text reads: "I declare herewith under oath that in the years 1941 to 1943 during my tenure in office as commandant of Auschwitz Concentration Camp 2 million Jews were put to death by gassing and a 1/2 million by other means. Rudolf Hoess. May 14, 1946."
A young German soldier tries to humiliate an elderly Polish Jew by cutting his beard. Beard-cutting was a method of humiliation favored by many Germans. As it is with all bullies and their victims, the strong bear the real shame for preying on the weak. The Jews of Europe bore such petty torments with exceptional dignity and fortitude. If this soldier were still alive to look back at this picture, would he feel ashamed? If he retained any humanity, he would.
Trafalgar Square :: On the night of the 12th October 1941 several bombs hit in the area of Trafalgar Square, the National Gallery was hit and what may have been a bomb from the same stick of bombs hit the roadway above Trafalgar Square Underground Station. The Bomb pierced the roadway and exploded in the booking hall killing seven people and injuring thirty three.
The Dutch Schindler: Walter Süskind (1906-1945) was a German Jew of Dutch parents who helped about 600 Jewish children escape the Holocaust. He was the manager of the Hollandsche Schouwburg, where the Jews of Amsterdam had to report themselves prior to their deportation to the Westerbork transit camp. In that position he could manipulate the personal data of children in particular. His close relationship with the German authorities helped him in his activities to help children escape.
Franz Paul Stangl (26 March 1908 — 28 June 1971) was an Austrian-born SS commandant of the Sobibor and Treblinka extermination camps during the Operation Reinhard phase of the Holocaust. He was arrested in Brazil in 1967, extradited and tried in West Germany for the mass murder of 900,000 people, and in 1970 was found guilty and sentenced to the maximum penalty, life imprisonment. He died of heart failure six months later.
Dr. Adelaide "Heidi" Hautval of Strasbourg, France was arrested by the Nazis. Sent to Auschwitz, she witnessed the medical experiments and refused to participate. Transported to Ravensbruck, she again refused to participate in experiments. When the doctor said that Jews were different, she said, “In this camp, many people are different from me. You, for example.” She saved many lives by hiding the condemned as patients and stayed at the camp with Mme Vaillant-Couturier post war to care for…
Jewish girls hidden with Polish orphans in a convent/1944. click through for info on the film: Irena Sendler, In the Name of their Mothers, the story of a group of young Polish women who outwitted the Nazis to save thousands of Jewish children from certain death during WWII.
Inside one of the Gas Chambers at Mauthausen. The original text reads: "This is the gas chamber, note how it looks like a shower room." The Nazis went to great pains to keep up the deception that the Jews were being "resettled" or taken into "protective custody" right to the end. The desperate and frightened people herded into gas chambers like this one, clung to the hope that the Nazis were telling the truth.
The Dutch captured the British colony of Suriname during the Second Anglo-Dutch War(1667), and it was developed as a plantation slave society. It was a primary destination for the Dutch slave trade, yet unusually it never experienced a general slave rebellion. The regime was one of extreme and deliberate brutality, even by the standards of the time.
Portrait of Istvan Reiner, taken shortly before he was killed in Auschwitz. Istvan arrived at Auschwitz with his mother, Livia, and her mother. Other inmates convinced Livia to give the boy to his grandmother and go through selection alone. She was chosen for forced labor and survived the war. Istvan and his grandmother were gassed.
Slave ports in West Africa in 1750 are shown, identifying those held by the British, French, Dutch, Portuguese, and Danish. Gorée Island, the slave trading port opposite Dakar, Senegal, is only three kilometers from the coast and cannot be seen on this map. In addition to these ports were slave trading locations on the east side of Africa, at Mozambique, Zanzibar, and Madagascar.