A rather innocuous picture of Dutch Jews arriving at Theresienstadt. Though technically a Concentration and Transport Camp, tens of thousands of people died at Theresienstadt of disease, starvation, and brutality. Unlike other camps, Theresienstadt held mostly political prisoners of Dutch, Polish, Russian, Czech, and other nationalities. Most Jews were at Theresienstadt for only a short time before being transported to an Extermination Camp.
The crematorium at Majdanek concentration camp, Lublin, Nazi-occupied Poland, 1944. The liberation of Lublin in Poland by the Soviet Red Army in July 1944 also revealed a huge concentration camp and extermination camp, where the Nazis carried out mass murder on a vast scale. Victims of the camp included Poles, Jews of all nationalities, French, Greeks, Dutch, Italians, Belgians, Yugoslavians, Hungarians and anti-Nazi Republican Spaniards.
This mass grave of murdered Jews was the handiwork of an Einsatzgruppen der Sicherheitspolizei, a group of SS whose sole purpose was the extermination of Jews and other "undesirables". Overseen by Reinhardt Heydrich, the four Einsatzgruppen were comprised of units of Einsatzkommandos which traveled with the Wermacht in order to "purify" newly conquered territories. Each group contained 500 to 800 men. It is estimated that they were responsible for over one million deaths.
These are Buchenwald concentration camp guards who received a beating from the prisoners when the camp was liberated by the Americans. The picture was taken in April 1945, by the U.S. military photographer Elizabeth Miller.
Trafalgar Square :: On the night of the 12th October 1941 several bombs hit in the area of Trafalgar Square, the National Gallery was hit and what may have been a bomb from the same stick of bombs hit the roadway above Trafalgar Square Underground Station. The Bomb pierced the roadway and exploded in the booking hall killing seven people and injuring thirty three.
A young German soldier tries to humiliate an elderly Polish Jew by cutting his beard. Beard-cutting was a method of humiliation favored by many Germans. As it is with all bullies and their victims, the strong bear the real shame for preying on the weak. The Jews of Europe bore such petty torments with exceptional dignity and fortitude. If this soldier were still alive to look back at this picture, would he feel ashamed? If he retained any humanity, he would.
Affidavit signed by Rudolf Hoess, former commandant of Auschwitz, attesting to the gassing of Jews at the killing center during his tenure. The text reads: "I declare herewith under oath that in the years 1941 to 1943 during my tenure in office as commandant of Auschwitz Concentration Camp 2 million Jews were put to death by gassing and a 1/2 million by other means. Rudolf Hoess. May 14, 1946."
The Dutch Schindler: Walter Süskind (1906-1945) was a German Jew of Dutch parents who helped about 600 Jewish children escape the Holocaust. He was the manager of the Hollandsche Schouwburg, where the Jews of Amsterdam had to report themselves prior to their deportation to the Westerbork transit camp. In that position he could manipulate the personal data of children in particular. His close relationship with the German authorities helped him in his activities to help children escape.
12 year old Helena Rabbie lies in bed in a newly liberated barracks at Bergen-Beslen concentration camp. Of the 22,000 women and 18,000 men rescued from the camp, 15,000 were suffering from Typhus. 1844 died of disease and malnutrition soon after liberation. Helena died eleven days after this picture was taken.
Franz Paul Stangl (26 March 1908 — 28 June 1971) was an Austrian-born SS commandant of the Sobibor and Treblinka extermination camps during the Operation Reinhard phase of the Holocaust. He was arrested in Brazil in 1967, extradited and tried in West Germany for the mass murder of 900,000 people, and in 1970 was found guilty and sentenced to the maximum penalty, life imprisonment. He died of heart failure six months later.
Dr. Adelaide "Heidi" Hautval of Strasbourg, France was arrested by the Nazis. Sent to Auschwitz, she witnessed the medical experiments and refused to participate. Transported to Ravensbruck, she again refused to participate in experiments. When the doctor said that Jews were different, she said, “In this camp, many people are different from me. You, for example.” She saved many lives by hiding the condemned as patients and stayed at the camp with Mme Vaillant-Couturier post war to care for…
Portrait of Istvan Reiner, taken shortly before he was killed in Auschwitz. Istvan arrived at Auschwitz with his mother, Livia, and her mother. Other inmates convinced Livia to give the boy to his grandmother and go through selection alone. She was chosen for forced labor and survived the war. Istvan and his grandmother were gassed.