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    A rather innocuous picture of Dutch Jews arriving at Theresienstadt. Though technically a Concentration and Transport Camp, tens of thousands of people died at Theresienstadt of disease, starvation, and brutality. Unlike other camps, Theresienstadt held mostly political prisoners of Dutch, Polish, Russian, Czech, and other nationalities. Most Jews were at Theresienstadt for only a short time before being transported to an Extermination Camp.

    This mass grave of murdered Jews was the handiwork of an Einsatzgruppen der Sicherheitspolizei, a group of SS whose sole purpose was the extermination of Jews and other "undesirables". Overseen by Reinhardt Heydrich, the four Einsatzgruppen were comprised of units of Einsatzkommandos which traveled with the Wermacht in order to "purify" newly conquered territories. Each group contained 500 to 800 men. It is estimated that they were responsible for over one million deaths.

    Henk Drogt served as a policeman during WW2 when he was ordered in 1943 to round up Jews in the city of Groningen, in the north of the country. He refused and joined the Dutch resistance, helping many Allied pilots who were shot down escape and get back to Britain. In August 1943 he was arrested and later executed by the Nazis. His son received in his father's name on September 22, 2008, Israel's highest honor for people who rescued Jews from the Holocaust, the Righteous Among the Nations.

    #History Pic: A Dutch woman who survived the "Hongerwinter", the Hungry Winter of 1944-45 in which the occupied Netherlands was denied any food or fuel by the Germans as punishment for supporting the Allies.

    A young German soldier tries to humiliate an elderly Polish Jew by cutting his beard. Beard-cutting was a method of humiliation favored by many Germans. As it is with all bullies and their victims, the strong bear the real shame for preying on the weak. The Jews of Europe bore such petty torments with exceptional dignity and fortitude. If this soldier were still alive to look back at this picture, would he feel ashamed? If he retained any humanity, he would.

    The Dutch Schindler: Walter Süskind (1906-1945) was a German Jew of Dutch parents who helped about 600 Jewish children escape the Holocaust. He was the manager of the Hollandsche Schouwburg, where the Jews of Amsterdam had to report themselves prior to their deportation to the Westerbork transit camp. In that position he could manipulate the personal data of children in particular. His close relationship with the German authorities helped him in his activities to help children escape.

    Jewish girls hidden with Polish orphans in a convent/1944. click through for info on the film: Irena Sendler, In the Name of their Mothers, the story of a group of young Polish women who outwitted the Nazis to save thousands of Jewish children from certain death during WWII.

    The Dutch captured the British colony of Suriname during the Second Anglo-Dutch War(1667), and it was developed as a plantation slave society. It was a primary destination for the Dutch slave trade, yet unusually it never experienced a general slave rebellion. The regime was one of extreme and deliberate brutality, even by the standards of the time.

    Horrific testimony of Polish Jewess Helen Hammermasch. Hammermasch saw her mother, father, and five sisters killed during a purge of Jews in 1942. Arrested in Hungary, she was sent first to Auschwitz, then to Bergen-Belsen. Witness to every manner of inhuman acts, she survived to give evidence that helped bring those responsible to justice.

    The picture was taken illegaly by a members of the Sonderkomando. It shows burning bodies of victims of mass extermination in Auschwitz II-Birkenau. (Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum Archives)

    Jürgen Stroop, SS General responsible for the suppression of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, relating his memories of the destruction of the Great Synagogue in Warsaw to Kazimierz Moczarski, his cellmate in a Polish prison: "What a wonderful sight! I called out, Heil Hitler! and pressed the button. A terrific explosion brought flames right up to the clouds. The colors were unbelievable. An unforgettable allegory of the triumph over Jewry." He died, unrepentant, by hanging in 1952.

    Polish Jews pose for a German camera. The man directly in front has been shorn of half of his beard, while the man to his left looks to be wearing some remnant of clothing around his head, undoubtedly put there by a German tormenter. The man wearing the hat behind the main group is dressed as a typical SS ethnic auxiliary, likely Hungarian, and a member of Einsatzgruppen A, which was active in the area of the Generalgouvernment.

    Tempo Doeloe #79 - Indonesian Dancer in Holland, 1928 / ITA, Arnhem.old photo, dated August 2, 1928. It shows an Indonesian dancer at the ITA in Arnhem, an exhibition about the Dutch East Indies.

    The eyes of Marines before, during and after Afghanistan. Photographed by Dutch photographer Claire Felicie

    MATA HARI (1876-1917). Stage name of Gertrud Margerete Zelle, Dutch dancer and spy. Photograph, 13 February 1917.

    "Hitler's Nephews" - The story of how Adolf Hitler's nephew joined the U.S. Navy during WWII while his other nephew joined the Wehrmacht. The two nephew were also half-brothers. (History By Zim)

    Otto, Margot and Anne Frank.probably about 1932.Otto was the only survivor of the family and returned to Amsterdam after the war. He found that Anne's diary had been saved.He was so very happy,and his efforts had it published in 1947,It was translated from Dutch and was published in 1952 as "The Diary of A Young Girl"

    Pictured is Tola Gryzgryn. This photograph was sent from the Sosnowiec ghetto to the Polanka labor camp, where her sister, Bronia Gryzgryn (now Bronia Rosmarin), was imprisoned. Tola was deported with her parents from Sosnowiec to Auschwitz, where they all perished. The Polish inscription on the photograph reads: "To my dearest sister as a memento, so that you'll never forget me - Tola; Sepember 2, 1942."

    Netherlands liberation - soldier (probably Canadian) shares his food with two dutch kids.

    Witold Pilecki survived nearly three years as an inmate in the Auschwitz death camp, managing to smuggle out word of executions before making a daring escape. But the Polish resistance hero was crushed by the post-war communist regime tried on trumped-up charges and executed. He found communist prison harder to endure than Auschwitz.

    Two sides of a duit, a coin minted in 1735 by the VOC. This Day in History: Mar 20, 1602: Dutch East India Company founded