we must ensure that while eliminating child labor in the export industry, we are also eliminating their labour from the informal sector, which is more invisible to public scrutiny - and thus leaves the children more open to abuse and exploitation ― carol bellamy | eight year old coal miner | usa, early 1900s
Miner Boy: Children were cheap labor in the mines. This boy spent 10 hours a day in that outfit with only the light from that tallow wick lamp. He cleaned & played the part of a "canary" (kids were easier to replace than good miners). He was probably Finnish or Swedish & indentured to the company for the purpose of paying his fathers debts. The unions fought bloody battles to get these children out of the coal mines. This little guy worked (& likely died) in Utah or Colorado mines / Scott Cooper
Women in the War Industry Amanda Smith, an African-American woman employed in the Long Beach Plant of the Douglas Aircraft Company. Between 1940 and 1944, approximately one million civilian African Americans entered the labor force; 600,000 of them were female. The proportion of black women in industrial occupations almost tripled during the war, rising from 6.5 to 18 percent. Los Angeles-area aircraft plants were among the first to offer them employment. This woman worked at the Long Beac...
Holocaust History - Labor and Concentration Camps - Yad Vashem Auschwitz, Poland, A womens' barrack in the concentration camp Yad Vashem Photo Archives 2600/2 « PreviousImage 7 of 9Next »
Slave labor at Mauthausen-Gusen Concentration Camp (1938 - 1945) in Austria. Unlike many other concentration camps, which were intended for all categories of prisoners, Mauthausen was mostly used for extermination through labour of the intelligentsia, who were educated and members of the higher social classes in countries subjugated by the Nazi regime.
Auschwitz survivor A-7603--Dora Apsan Sorell, MD--in whose eyes are reflected the beauty of wisdom and the horror of her past. In 2003, she received a $3,043 reparations check for the slave labor she did during the war, which she donated in full to a Jewish organization that provides humanitarian relief in Darfur.
Pictured is Tola Gryzgryn. This photograph was sent from the Sosnowiec ghetto to the Polanka labor camp, where her sister, Bronia Gryzgryn (now Bronia Rosmarin), was imprisoned. Tola was deported with her parents from Sosnowiec to Auschwitz, where they all perished. The Polish inscription on the photograph reads: "To my dearest sister as a memento, so that you'll never forget me - Tola; Sepember 2, 1942."
Major Karl Plagge (1897-1957) was a German Army officer who used his position to employ and protect some 1,240 Jews at the HKP562 slave labor camp in order to give them a better chance to survive. The 250 to 300 surviving Jews from the camp constituted the largest single group of survivors of the genocide in Vilnius, Lithuania. Like Oskar Schindler, Plagge blamed himself for not having done enough. In 2005, Yad Vashem posthumously honored him with as one of the “Righteous Among the Nations”.