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The Cosmic Egg in Finnish mythology In the Kalevala, the national epic poem of Finland, the poem begins with an introduction by the singers. The Earth is created from the shards of a duck egg and the first man (Väinämöinen) is born to Ilmatar, goddess of the air. Väinämöinen brings trees and life to the barren world. One egg's lower half transformed And became the earth below, And its upper half transmuted And became the sky above; From the yolk the sun was made, Lig...
[Laplander.] Digital ID: 418041. Sherman, Augustus F. (Augustus Francis) -- Photographer. [ca. 1906-1914] Notes: Identified as 'Sami woman from Finland' in Peter Mesenholler 'Augustus F. Sherman: Ellis Island Portraits 1905-1920' (c1905) p.43. Source: William Williams papers / Photographs of immigrants (more info) Repository: The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.
The Finnish pavilion at the 1900 World’s Fair in Paris. It was designed by the great Finnish architect Eliel Saarinen. The painter Akseli Gallen-Kallela made the frescoes in the entrance hall (destroyed at the end of exposure and partly repainted in the 1920s in the lobby of the National Museum in Helsinki). The pavilion, designed in true Finnish art nouveau style, was a plea for Finland then under Russian rule. It raised awareness of the aspirations of the Finnish people to independence.
In Norse mythology, a valkyrie is one of a host of female figures who decide who will die in battle. Selecting among half of those who die in battle, the valkyries bring their chosen to the afterlife hall of the slain, Valhalla, ruled over by the god Odin.
Hero of Finnish mythology is Väinämöinen, a rascally, horny old man, one part culture hero, another part hobo, who challenges other musicians to musical fights not unlike modern-day rap battles. He's doomed to never find love: one of his most tragic stories is his pursuit of a younger woman, Aino (still a common female name in Finland today) who drowns himself rather than marry a man so much older than she is.
In northern Northwest Coast mythology, Raven is the powerful figure who transforms the world. Stories tell how Raven created the land, released the people from a cockle shell and brought them fire. Raven stole the light and brought it out to light up the world. Yet Raven is a trickster---often selfish, hungry and mischievous. He changes the world only by cleverly deceiving others in his never-ending quest for food.
Tuonela is the Underworld, The Realm of The Dead, in Finnish mythology. Like other Underworlds from mythology, it sits on an island and is reached by crossing a river. It is ruled over by the God Tuoni, and His Wife, Tuonetar, who serves as Ferrywoman and Hostess. This realm appears in the Kalevala when Väinämöinen travels there seeking knowledge.