A first for the general public, the picture of the “mushroom cloud”? is a very accurate approximation of the enormous quantity of energy spread below. The first atomic bomb, released on August 6 in Hiroshima(Japan) killed about 80,000 people, but it didn’t seem enough because the Japanese didn’t surrender right away. Therefore, on August 9 another bomb was released above Nagasaki. The effects of the second bomb were even more devastating – 150,000 people were killed or injured.
1945, 18-year-old Princess Elizabeth II convinced her father that she should be allowed to contribute directly to the war effort. She joined the Women's Auxiliary Territorial Service (ATS) where she was known as Second Subaltern Elizabeth Windsor, trained as a driver & drove a military truck while she served. This training was the first time she had been taught together with other students.