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Herta Kašparová, hanged at the age of 23 in Czechoslovakia in 1946 for collaborating with the Nazis.

Prague, Czechoslovakia, 22/05/1946, The hanging of Karl Herman Frank.

Hanging of Gronwaldt - NA003380 - Rights Managed - Stock Photo - Corbis. After the Nuremberg war crimes trials, convicted Nazi war criminal Karl Gronwaldt stands on the gallows, about to be hanged, ca. 1946. The photo has been altered to hide the identities of the guards next to him.

Josef Bühler (1904 – 1948, sitting in the middle) was a secretary and deputy governor to the Nazi-controlled General Government in Kraków, Poland. He was intimately involved in the Final Solution. Bühler attended the infamous Wannsee Conference on Jan 20, 1942 as the representative from the Governor-General's office; the conference streamlined the collaboration between Nazi departments for the liquidation of European Jewry. In 1948 he was hanged for his troubles at his former seat of Krakow.

Fritz Sauckel (right) with Adolf Hitler. As the forced labor overlord in the 3rd Reich, Sauckel was responsible for the barbaric treatment of millions of foreign workers pressed into service by the Nazis. For his troubles, he was hanged in Oct 1946.

Jenny-Wanda Barkmann, 24, female guard at the Stutthof concentration camp, hangs from the neck after being executed for atrocities during her "career." She and several others were hanged near Danzig on 4 July 1946. Barkmann brutalized female prisoners viciously and selected women and children for the gas chamber.

Johann Baptist Albin Rauter (Feb 4, 1895 – March 25, 1949) was a high-ranking Austrian (from 1939, German) Nazi war criminal. He was the highest SS and Police Leader in the Netherlands and the leading security and police officer during the period of 1940-1945. He reported directly to the Nazi SS-chief, Himmler, and in the second instance to the Nazi governor of the Netherlands, Arthur Seyss-Inquart. He was convicted in the Netherlands of crimes against humanity and executed by firing squad.

German surrender, May 1945: Generaloberst Alfred Jodl arrives at Rheims for the signing of the surrender document. On the left is Admiral Hans-Georg von Friedeburg, who co-signed the surrender instrument. He committed suicide on May 23, 1945. Jodl was convicted at Nuremberg and was hanged in October 1946.

General Erwin Rommel. A German, but not a Nazi, which led to his death.

Praha, Czechoslovakia

If there's one thing Sara Ginaite-Rubinson, 85. is adamant about, it's that she is not a hero. As a Holocaust survivor and part of an anti-Nazi resistant group, she's often classified as a hero. "I don't think a survivor is a hero. A hero is a person who tried and didn't survive. To survive was accidental; it was pure luck. This is the reality of the Holocaust," she recalls.

Terezin. An evil echo from the era of Nazi occupation.

Helmuth Hübener (8 January 1925 - 27 October 1942) was one of the youngest opponents to the Third Reich to be sentenced to death and executed. He lived in Hamburg, Germany, and joined the Hitler Youth but after Kristallnacht he started questioning the Nazi party, and left. He started making anti-Nazi pamphlets. On the 5 February 1942 he was arrested by Gestapo, sentenced to death on the 11 August and beheaded by guillotine on the 27 October.

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A lone dockworker refuses to raise his hand in the Nazi salute, 1936 August Landmesser was a worker at the Blohm + Voss shipyard in Hamburg,Germany, and is best known for his appearance in a photograph refusing to perform the Nazi salute at the launch of the naval training vessel HorstWessel on 13 June, 1936. He had been a Nazi Party member from 1931 to 1935, but after fathering children with a Jewish woman, he had been found guilty of“dishonoring the race”

The Holocaust’s Most Vicious Killers During the Holocaust, one group of killers stood out as more vicious, murderous, and bloodthirsty than all others. The Ustasha of Yugoslavia was a Muslim-Catholic alliance of Nazi killers so beastly that even Nazi officials in Berlin were horrified.

Colonel Claus Graf Schenk von Stauffenberg (1907-1944) was central to the planning and execution of the July 20th plot, the most wide-ranging conspiracy against the Nazi regime. Stauffenberg detonated a bomb in the headquarters and rushed off to Berlin, thinking he had killed Hitler. Nazi leadership immediately initiated effective counter-measures and destroyed the attempted putsch within a short time. Stauffenberg was arrested and shot the same night.

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Elisabeth Volkenrath, Oberaufseherin (Senior Supervisor) Ravensbrück Auschwitz, Bergen-Belsen. She was hanged in November 1945.