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FOR THE BOOKSHELF: "In the 1890s Blacks were tortured in German concentration camps in Southwest Africa (now called Namibia) when Adolph Hitler was only a child. Colonial German doctors conducted unspeakable medical experiments on these emaciated helpless Africans decades before such atrocities were ever visited upon the Jews.

These two men had the same name, were sentenced to the same prison and look like twins. However, they were not related but are the reason that fingerprints are now used when fighting crime. (quote from CDAN)

Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela being released from prison. What a GREAT moment in history Nelson Mandela #mandela #nelsonmandela

Lucy Ann Stanton, the first black American woman to receive a four-year college degree. Born in Cleveland on Oct. 16, 1831, she entered Oberlin College in the mid-1840s. She became president of the Oberlin Ladies Literary Society and in 1850 delivered the graduation address entitled "A Plea For The Oppressed," an anti-slavery speech.

Photo of the “Llullaillaco Maiden”, a 15 year old girl sacrificed during the Inca Empire for both purposes of religious rite and social control. She was chosen a year prior to her death, fed a ritualistic diet for an approximate twelve months to make her gain weight, then was drugged and left on the shrine at Volcano Llullaillaco, where she was left to die of exposure. For five hundred years, her body had been preserved at 82 ft. She is considered to be the best preserved Andean mummy ever ....

Eisenhower, Patton and Truman.

She was tried and the jury returned a verdict of not guilty. The fact that she owned the guns used in the crime was judged not sufficient to establish her responsibility for the plot. Her experience as a prisoner in the US played a key role in convincing her to fight against the "prison industrial complex" that she says exists in the US.

Barbara Henry here with Ruby Bridges forty years later. Teachers at William Frantz Elementary School refused to accept the six year old as a student, (cheers for devoted teachers). Ms Henry was the only teacher willing to teach Ruby Bridges in 1960.

Walter Cronkite announcing the death of U.S. president John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963.

Jane Addams (9/6/1860 – 5/21/1935) "...public philosopher, sociologist, author, and leader in woman suffrage and world peace. Beside presidents such as Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson, she was the most prominent reformer of the Progressive Era and helped turn the nation to issues of concern to mothers, such as the needs of children, public health, and world peace...In 1931 she became the first American woman to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize."

Best Black History Quotes: Mary Church Terrell on Africa

Competent and compassionate for the world.

Vietnam Protests

Two days after President Kennedy was assassinated, Jack Ruby shot Lee Harvey Oswald as he was being transferred from Dallas Police Headquarters to the Dallas county jail. Oswald died a short time later.

Desmond Tutu & Nelson Mandela

Shirley Anita Chisholm - First African American woman in Congress and the first African American woman to run for President.

FDR giving an interview at the beginning of the war in the Pacific.

"This picture from 1917 at a suffrage protest.The women were protesting the arrest & incarceration of of their fellow protesters." Women fighting for the right to vote were put in jail & when they protested by not eating, they were violently force fed by having rubber hoses forced down their throats while they were held down by prison guards. These women suffered just to get the right to vote.WOMEN,don't take the right to vote for granted.Other women fought hard & long for it. Biddy Craft

Wright Brothers