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The 20th century's most famous sculpture grouping, Mount Rushmore depicts the heads of Presidents Washington, Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Lincoln, blasted out of the face of the mountain between 1927 and 1941 by teams of workers under the direction of sculptor Gutzon Borglum, at a total cost of just under $ 1 million. The heads are carved to the proportion of men 465' tall. Originally, Borglum planned to carve the bodies from the waist up, but only Washington's lapels were completed.
Mount Rushmore was started in 1927. It took 14 years and around 400 workers to finish the head carvings. The project cost almost $1,000,000. In 1934, the face of George Washington was unveiled to the public. Jefferson’s sculpture was unveiled in 1936. The sculpture of Abraham Lincoln’s face got completed in 1937. Theodore Roosevelt’s face was the last to be unveiled in 1941.
Mount Rushmore ~ The fireworks are shot off the top of the busts. The 4 Presidents (George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln) took 14 years to sculpt from the 5,725-foot peak. Finished in 1941, the "Shrine of Democracy" cost about 1 million and is considered priceless.
Citation: Carving of Abraham Lincoln at Mount Rushmore, ca. 1934 / unidentified photographer. Mount Rushmore monument photographs, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.