The pomander, used to ward off disease. It was believed that odours caused sickness. They were beautifully decorated with gem stones, inscriptions and engravings, all believed to be protective. "She (Mary Stuart) went to her death wearing a chain of pomander beads from which hung an Agnus Dei."
1350: Pomander shaped as an apple, of silver, silver gilt, and niello. The sections of the body of the pomander are held in place by a pin with a screw section at the top, the whole attached to an octagonal gadrooned head to which is hinged a quatrefoil handle. Inscriptions run around the edge of each section relating to the Judgement of Paris, the interior and exterior decoration of scrolling foliage and geometric patterns.
A LARGE DUTCH OR GERMAN SILVER POMANDER -- APPARENTLY UNMARKED, LAST HALF 17TH CENTURY Globular, the sides engraved with two portrait busts within medallions and with a further medallion engraved with a galleon at sail, all surrounded by fruiting foliage, with an overhead ring handle and a spreading foot, opens to reveal six compartments, the cover of each engraved with the name of a different scent, the base detaches to reveal an integral spoon