Mandora or chitarino, ca. 1420 Northern Italy (Milan?) Boxwood and rosewood. There are three surviving examples of this mysterious type of instrument from the early fifteenth century, of which the one exhibited here is the most elegant. Originally the instrument would have been strung with four or five strings, but whether it was played with a bow or plucked remains unclear. The carved imagery relates to courtly romance and probably alludes to the rewards of fidelity in love.
The infamous Malleus Maleficarum ( The Hammer of the Witches ) ca. 1508 - 1515, housed at the University of Glasgow Library. keywords: witch, Inquisition, satan, demons, wicca, occult, oddity, devil, antiquarian book, binding, evil, religion, history, politics, burning, warlock, christian, church, magic