Agostino Carlini; Francesco Bartolozzi; Giovanni Battista Cipriani, 1777, by John Francis Rigaud. Three Italian-born artists who made their careers in England and who were all founder-members of the Royal Academy. Carlini is shown with a sculptor's hammer, Bartolozzi with an engraver's burin, and Cipriani, sitting before the easel, has a palette and a brush in his hand.
Sir William Chambers RA (1723-1796) was a Swedish architect, based in London. Among his best known works are Somerset House, London, and the pagoda at Kew. Also the Dunmore Pineapple and Dundas House. He was a founder member of the Royal Academy.
"Elizabeth Farren" by Sir Thomas Lawrence (1790) at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York - From the curators' comments: "The Irish actress Elizabeth Farren made her London debut in 1777 as Kate Hardcastle in Oliver Goldsmith's "She Stoops to Conquer." She was at the height of her career when this canvas was shown at the Royal Academy in 1790. Seven years later, she married the twelfth earl of Derby."
Sir Joshua Reynolds was one of the most important and influential of 18th century English painters, specializing in portraits and promoting the "Grand Style" in painting which depended on idealization of the imperfect. He was one of the founders and first President of the Royal Academy. George III appreciated his merits and knighted him in 1769.