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Today is the birthday of Jurgis Baltrušaitis, born in 1873. He was a Lithuanian Symbolist poet and translator, who wrote his works in Lithuanian and Russian. In addition to his important contributions to Lithuanian literature, he was noted as a political activist and diplomat. Himself one of the foremost exponents of iconology, he was the father of art historian and critic Jurgis Baltrušaitis Jr.

Today is the birthday of Tristan Tzara, born in 1896. He was a Romanian-French avant-garde poet, essayist and performance artist. Also active as a journalist, playwright, literary and art critic, composer and film director, he was known best for being one of the founders and central figures of the anti-establishment Dada movement.

Today is the birthday of Tristan Corbière, born in 1845. He was a French poet born in Coat-Congar, Ploujean, near Morlaix in Brittany, where he lived most of his life and where he died. His work was little known until Paul Verlaine included him in his gallery of poètes maudits (accursed poets), but Verlaine's recommendation was enough to get his work noticed and established him as one of the masters acknowledged by the Symbolists.

Ben Shahn (September 12, 1898 – March 14, 1969) was a Lithuanian-born American artist. He is best known for his works of social realism, his left-wing political views, and his series of lectures published as The Shape of Content.

Maximilian Alexandrovich Kirienko-Voloshin (1877-1932) Ukrainian-born Russian poet, one of the significant representatives of the Symbolist movement in Russian culture & literature. He became famous as a poet & a critic of literature & the arts, being published in many contemporary magazines of the early 20th century, including Vesy, Zolotoye runo ('The Golden Fleece'), & Apollon. He was known for his brilliant translations of a number of French poetic & prose works into Russian

Today is the birthday of Alexander Pushkin, born in 1799. He was a Russian author of the Romantic era who is considered by many to be the greatest Russian poet and the founder of modern Russian literature.

The great Russian poet, Alexander Pushkin, often sketched out his characters in his rough drafts, alongside their descriptions. This picture was taken from a rough draft for the second canto of possibly his finest work: “Eugene Onegin”.

Today is the birthday of Hungarian poet Attila József, born in 1905. Attila József is the best known of the modern Hungarian poets internationally. His poems have been translated into many languages and he is taught in world literature classes around the globe. Hailed during the communist era of the 1950s as Hungary's great "proletarian poet", his life, personality, and works are now being re-evaluated with the current celebrations of the centenary of his birth.

Self-Portrait, 1911-1913 by Leonid Osipovich Pasternak (1862-1945) :: the father of the poet and novelist Boris Pasternak ( who wrote Dr. Zhivago ).

Gaston Bussière French Symbolist painter and illustrator 1862 - 1928. He was close to Gustave Moreau. He found inspiration in the theatre works of Berlioz (La Damnation de Faust) as well as William Shakespeare and Wagner. He became in demand as an illustrator, creating works for major authors. 

Valentin Serov (Russian 1865–1911) [Impressionism, Realism, Peredvizhniki, Portraits] Portrait of the Writer Leonid Andreev, 1907. The State Literature Museum, Moscow, Russia.

'Portret van de schrijver Leonid Andrejev', 1905 / Ilja Repin (1844-1930) / Museum van Schone Kunsten, Omsk, Rusland.

The Anatomy Lessonfrom The Anatomy Lesson

Yevgeny Zamyatin, ‘We’

Portrait of Yevgeny Zamyatin, 1923 by Boris Kustodiev (Russian 1878-1927)...Zamyatin (1884-1937) was a controversial Russian author of science fiction and political satire, who was banned and exiled by the communist regime.

Stéphane Mallarmé (French: [stefan malaʁme]; 18 March 1842 – 9 September 1898), whose real name was Étienne Mallarmé, was a French poet and critic. He was a major French symbolist poet, and his work anticipated and inspired several revolutionary artistic schools of the early 20th century, such as Dadaism, Surrealism, and Futurism.