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Today is the birthday of Oscar Wilde, born in 1854. He was an Irish writer and poet. fter writing in different forms throughout the 1880s, he became one of London's most popular playwrights in the early 1890s. Today he is remembered for his epigrams, his only novel (The Picture of Dorian Gray), his plays, and the circumstances of his imprisonment and early death.

Today is the birthday of Guillaume Apollinaire, born in 1880. He was a French poet, playwright, short story writer, novelist, and art critic born in Italy to a Polish mother.

Today is the birthday of Wisława Szymborska, born in 1923. She was a Polish poet, essayist, translator and recipient of the 1996 Nobel Prize in Literature. Born in Prowent, which has since become part of Kórnik, she later resided in Kraków until the end of her life. She was described as a "Mozart of Poetry". In Poland, Szymborska's books have reached sales rivaling prominent prose authors.

Today is the birthday of Hungarian poet Attila József, born in 1905. Attila József is the best known of the modern Hungarian poets internationally. His poems have been translated into many languages and he is taught in world literature classes around the globe. Hailed during the communist era of the 1950s as Hungary's great "proletarian poet", his life, personality, and works are now being re-evaluated with the current celebrations of the centenary of his birth.

Today is the birthday of Richard Aldington, born in 1892. He was an English writer and poet. Aldington was best known for his World War I poetry, the 1929 novel, Death of a Hero, and the controversy arising from his 1955 Lawrence of Arabia: A Biographical Inquiry. His 1946 biography, Wellington, was awarded the James Tait Black Memorial Prize.

Today is the birthday of Hermann Hesse, born in 1877. He was a German-Swiss poet, novelist, and painter. In 1946, he received the Nobel Prize in Literature. His best-known works include Steppenwolf, Siddhartha, and The Glass Bead Game (also known as Magister Ludi), each of which explores an individual's search for authenticity, self-knowledge and spirituality.

Today is the birthday of Henry Lawson, born in 1867. He was an Australian writer and poet. Along with his contemporary Banjo Paterson, Lawson is among the best-known Australian poets and fiction writers of the colonial period and is often called Australia's "greatest writer". He was the son of the poet, publisher and feminist Louisa Lawson.

Today is the birthday of Patrick Branwell Bronte, born in 1817. He was a painter and poet, the only son of the Brontë family, and the brother of the writers Charlotte, Emily and Anne. Bronte poems include Lines, On Caroline, Thorp Green, Remember Me, Sir Henry Tunstall and Penmaenmawr

Today is the birthday of Stefan George, born in 1868. He was a German poet, editor, and translator. George was born in Bingen in Germany in 1868. He spent time in Paris, where he was among the writers and artists who attended the Tuesday soireés. He began to publish poetry in the 1890s, while in his twenties. George founded and edited an important literary magazine called Blätter für die Kunst.

Today is the birthday of William Butler Yeats, born in 1865. He was an Irish poet and playwright, and one of the foremost figures of 20th century literature. A pillar of both the Irish and British literary establishments, in his later years he served as an Irish Senator for two terms.In 1923, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature.

Today is the birthday of Alexander Pushkin, born in 1799. He was a Russian author of the Romantic era who is considered by many to be the greatest Russian poet and the founder of modern Russian literature.

"This wallpaper and I are fighting a duel to the death. Either it goes or I do." - Oscar Wilde. His dying words; how many of us could face death with humour?

Today is the birthday of Henry David Thoreau, born in 1817. He was an American author, poet, philosopher, abolitionist, naturalist, tax resister, development critic, surveyor, historian, and leading transcendentalist He is best known for his book Walden, a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings, and his essay Civil Disobedience, an argument for individual resistance to civil government in moral opposition to an unjust state.

Today is the birthday of Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936). He was an English poet, short-story writer, and novelist chiefly remembered for his celebration of British imperialism, tales and poems of British soldiers in India, and his tales for children. Kipling was one of the most popular writers in England, in both prose and verse, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. More information about Kipling and his poems on Poemhunter: http://www.poemhunter.com/rudyard-kipling/

What you read when you don't have to determines what you will be when you can't help it - Oscar Wilde. Library promo POSTER © Eleanor.Margaret (Student, Graphic designer. UK) via Flickr

Today is the birthday of Hans Christian Andersen, born in 1805. He was a Danish author and poet and died on 4 August 1875. Although a prolific writer of plays, travelogues, novels, and poems, More information about Andersen and his poems: http://www.poemhunter.com/hans-christian-andersen-2/ Happy Birthday Hans Christian Andersen!

Today is the birthday of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, born in 1749. He was a German writer and politician. His body of work includes epic and lyric poetry written in a variety of metres and styles; prose and verse dramas; memoirs; an autobiography; literary and aesthetic criticism; treatises on botany, anatomy, and colour; and four novels. More information about Goethe end his poems on PoemHunter: http://www.poemhunter.com/johann-wolfgang-von-goethe/ Happy Birthday Johann Wolfgang von Goethe!

Fernando Pessoa: (1888 - 1935) was a Portuguese poet, writer, literary critic, translator, publisher and philosopher, as one of the most significant literary figures of 20th century.