Women in the War Industry Amanda Smith, an African-American woman employed in the Long Beach Plant of the Douglas Aircraft Company. Between 1940 and 1944, approximately one million civilian African Americans entered the labor force; 600,000 of them were female. The proportion of black women in industrial occupations almost tripled during the war, rising from 6.5 to 18 percent. Los Angeles-area aircraft plants were among the first to offer them employment. This woman worked at the Long…
Catholic Worker crusader Dorothy Day with her prison dress [covered with autographs!] On November 1917 Day went to prison for being one of forty women in front of the White House protesting women's exclusion from the electorate. Arriving at a rural workhouse, the women were roughly handled. The women responded with a hunger strike. Finally they were freed by presidential order.
"How the Sisters Are Hindered from Helping," was her speech at the National Baptist Convention in 1900 that brought her national attention. But in 1896, educator and suffrage activist Nannie Helen Burroughs had helped form the National Association of Colored Women (NACW) to promote political mobilization of Black women, and in 1909 she founded the National Training School for Women and Girls to prepare students for employment and entrepreneurship.
Nell Mercer of Norfolk, Virginia, was a member of the Norfolk branch of the National Women's Party. She was a business woman. In February 1919, she was arrested for participation in the final watchfire demonstration for suffrage, and sentenced to five days in the District Jail. Source: Doris Stevens, Jailed for Freedom
Ruth Hanna McCormick, 1880-1944 Suffragette, and first woman featured on the cover of Time Magazine (1928), she represented Illinois in the House of Representatives from 1929-1931. In this great candid, she sits at in her shirtwaist, wearing a great hat, her suit jacket draped on the chair and showing its striped lining. A second woman is just visible on the left of the photo, holding a notepad on her knee. An assistant? A coworker?
Emmeline Pankhurst Emmeline Pankhurst was born in Manchester, England, on July 14, 1858. In 1879, she married a lawyer who had created in England the first women's suffrage bill and the Married Women's Property Acts, Richard Marsden Pankhurst. In 1889, Emmeline created the Women's Franchise League which, in 1894, gave married women the right to vote not in the House of Commons, but in local office elections. Then, in 1903, she established WSPU, the Women's Social and Politcal Union.
Civil Rights Activist Amelia Boynton Robinson, 1927. Her history of activism began at age 9 handing out leaflets for Women's Suffrage. A photo of her and another protester beaten unconscious in the street on Bloody Sunday circulated globally, calling attention to protests in Alabama. Ran for the Congress from Alabama in 1964, the 1st female African-American ever to do so & the 1st female of any race to run for the ticket of the Democratic Party in Alabama. As of today she is 101 years old.
Alice Roosevelt, Theodore Roosevelt’s eldest daughter, who not only cut her wedding cake with a sword, defied all the conventions of her day regarding women, and who also had a pillow embroidered with her most famous quote on her couch; “If you haven’t got anything good to say about anybody, come sit next to me.” 1902
Mrs Margaret Travers-Symons (nee Willams; 1873-?), daughter of wealthy Welsh architect, was Keir Hardie’s Parliamentary Secretary, who believed in Votes for Women Movement. On 13 October 1908, she was deeply moved by violent scenes between police & suffragettes. She realising suffragettes would never reach House floor, but she had the power to make the appeal for them. She managed to enter floor of House of Commons & said a few words before being taken out & became first woman to speak…
"TEACHING WOMEN A LESSON: Thus unfolded the 'Night of Terror' on Nov. 15, 1917, when the warden at the Occoquan Workhouse in Virginia ordered his guards to teach a lesson to the suffragists imprisoned there because they dared to picket Woodrow Wilson's White House for the right to vote. For weeks, the women's only water came from an open pail. Their food--all of it colorless slop--was infested with worms." This is what women had to fight for, so don't tell me feminism is 'irrelevant' to you.
Mrs. Harriet Stanton Blatch. When suffragists returned from the White House, when Pres[ident] Wilson declared he would receive no more suffrage deputations, Mrs. Blatch called for volunteers to join her on a picket line to stand each day before the White House until he came out for suffrage.