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  • Neener Pajener

    Until Dec 22, 1942, this is how Americans saluted the flag. It was amended to the hand over heart method. I had no idea...

  • Heather Horner

    Until Dec 22, 1942, this is how Americans saluted the flag. It was known as The Bellamy salute, after Francis Bellamy, who wrote the Pledge of Allegiance and created the salute style in 1892. It was amended to the hand over heart method, for obvious reasons.

  • LD Hem

    Bellamy Salute -- Americans salute the flag of the United States. This practice was widespread and virtually universal in America's public school systems for fifty years. Congress amended the Flag Code on 22 December 1942, then buried the salute, omitted it from official reference and practically banned it from history books. Francis Bellamy (1855–1931), a socialist, was hired by a flag company in 1892 to write a 'pledge' to the American flag, a marketing campaign.

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Before 1942, American children pledged allegiance to the flag with the Bellamy salute. Worried that it might be confused with the Nazi's Roman salute, Congress changed the salute to simply placing a hand over the heart.

Bellamy Salute 1 “The Bellamy salute, first demonstrated on October 12, 1892, was described by Francis Bellamy to accompany the American Pledge of Allegiance, which he had authored. “When Italian fascists and Nazis adopted a similar salute, it was officially replaced by the hand-over-heart salute when Congress amended the Flag Code on December 22, 1942.”

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