Until Dec 22, 1942, this is how Americans saluted the flag. It was amended to the hand over heart method. We can imagine why...

Before 1942, American children pledged allegiance to the flag with the Bellamy Salute so named after Francis Bellamy who wrote the pledge of allegiance in 1892. Worried that it might be confused with the Nazi's Roman salute, Congress changed the salute to simply placing a hand over the heart.

October 12, 1892: The Pledge of Allegiance first recited in public schools. The Pledge was quite different then -- "under God" wasn't added until 1954. These little Japanese-Americans are saluting the flag in April, 1942. Within a month, they had all been placed in internment camps.

William Harvey Carney (February 29, 1840 – December 8, 1908) Sergeant William Harvey Carney was the first African American to be awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor. Carney rescued the U.S. flag as the flag bearer fell, carrying the flag to the enemy ramparts and back, and saying "Boys, the old flag never touched the ground!" While other African-Americans had since been granted the award, Carney's is the earliest action for which the Medal of Honor was awarded to an African-American...

John Bradley - A Navy corpsman, who was one of the three surviving men who raised the American Flag over Mt. Suribachi during the Battle of Iwo Jima in WWII

Nancy Wake: French Maquis, SOE operative, and all around Gestapo bane (once killed an SS officer with her bare hands), she was the most decorated Allied woman of WWII.

A young man holds the American flag during the Selma to Montgomery Civil Rights March, 1965.

An American GI tends to the wounds of a German soldier while waiting for a medic 1944

“Mad as a hatter” In 18th and 19th century England mercury was used in the production of felt, which was used in the manufacturing of hats common of the time. People who worked in these hat factories were exposed daily to trace amounts of the metal, which accumulated within their bodies over time, causing some workers to develop dementia caused by mercury poisoning. Thus the phrase “Mad as a Hatter” became popular as a way to refer to someone who was perceived as insane.

Infographic of The Civil War. The most brutal conflict of American history

Before 1942, American children pledged allegiance to the flag with the Bellamy salute. Worried that it might be confused with the Nazi's Roman salute, Congress changed the salute to simply placing a hand over the heart. Saludo Bellami, era el saludo nazi, leer el articulo

They used to use urine to tan animal skins, so families used to all pee in a pot & then once a day it was taken & Sold to the tannery.......if you had to do this to survive you were "Piss Poor" But worse than that were the really poor folk who couldn't even afford to buy a pot......they "didn't have a pot to piss in" & were the lowest of the low The next time you are washing your hands and complain because the water temperature isn't just how you like it, think about how things used to be....

The original Star-Spangled Banner, the flag that inspired Francis Scott Key to write the song that would become our national anthem, is among the most treasured artifacts in the collections of the Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History in Washington, D.C.

Women's barracks in Auschwitz, the Nazi concentration camp in Poland

A mother hides her face in shame, c.1948, Chicago. Forced with eviction and penniless, the parents have literally put their children up for sale. This was not a joke…What’s interesting is that the accompanying article did not pass judgment and there are no calls for whisking the children away to protective services.

The Development of the American Flag Flags

Buna Beach New Guinea. The first image of dead American troops to appear in Life Magazine. In September 1943 George Strock's photo was OK'd by censors in part because FDR felt the public was becoming complacent about the war's horrific toll.

One of the most iconic images in American history: On Nov. 25, 1963 -- his third birthday -- John Jr. salutes the casket of his father, who was assassinated three days earlier.

HEROES. American medics tending to an emaciated former inmate of the Penig concentration camp after its liberation by Allied troops, sometime in 1945.

Our Most Beloved Sons of the South Robert E. Lee, Stonewall Jackson, and P.G.T. Beauregard. The other generals are pictured around the outer edge of the leaf, forming a frame for the three in the center. The lithograph also shows the Confederate National Flags, and the Battle Flag of the Army of Northern Virginia. The top center portion features a portrait of Jefferson Davis. This is an absolutely stunning piece