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  • Neener Pajener

    Until Dec 22, 1942, this is how Americans saluted the flag. It was amended to the hand over heart method. I had no idea...

  • LD Frøya

    Bellamy Salute -- Americans salute the flag of the United States. This practice was widespread and virtually universal in America's public school systems for fifty years. Congress amended the Flag Code on 22 December 1942, then buried the salute, omitted it from official reference and practically banned it from history books. Francis Bellamy (1855–1931), a socialist, was hired by a flag company in 1892 to write a 'pledge' to the American flag, a marketing campaign.

  • Gayle Montgomery

    April 12, 1942: Actress Irene Rich leads 4,000 citizens in salute to the flag during program at the Hollywood Bowl. The 4,000 – including several Hollywood celebrities – were sworn in as air-raid wardens, fire watchers, messengers and auxiliary policemen. The flag salute, as shown in this image, was replaced by the hand-over-heart method. Credit: Los Angeles Times

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Before 1942, American children pledged allegiance to the flag with the Bellamy Salute so named after Francis Bellamy who wrote the pledge of allegiance in 1892. Worried that it might be confused with the Nazi's Roman salute, Congress changed the salute to simply placing a hand over the heart.