Magnificent Maps: Cartography as Power, Propaganda, and Art
Magnificent Maps: Cartography as Power, Propaganda, and Art | Brain Pickings Psalter World Map (mappa mundi), 1265 Despite its small size, this is one of the ‘great’ medieval world maps. It is probably a copy of the lost map which adorned King Henry III's bedchamber in Westminster Palace from the mid-1230s. The original colors are intact. Showing east at the top, it is a visual encyclopedia, embracing ancient history, politics, scripture and ethnography as well as geography.
Sea chart of Europe, 1592. "Universe Europe Maritime Eiusque Navigationis Descritio. Generale Paschaerte van Europa'. Map Maker: Lucas Janszoon Waghenaer. Place: Antwerp. Etching by Johannes Baptista Van Doetechum The Younger ("Baptista a Doetecum fecit")
This is a ‘carte a figures’, meaning that the map was embellished with drawings of people, and was a typically Dutch decoration of the time (Speed’s maps were produced by Dutch cartographers). Three kinds of early seventeenth-century Irish people are dressed here – Gentle, Civill (non-military middle class), and Wilde.