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Margie Pries
Margie Pries • 1 year ago

The Code of Hammurabi is a well-preserved Babylonian law code, dating back to about 1772 BC. It is one of the oldest deciphered writings of significant length in the world

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The Code of Hammurabi - Musée du Louvre; well-preserved Babylonian law code (first las code), dating back to about 1772 BC; "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth" (lex talionis); cuneiform or wedged-shaped writing

The Code of Hammurabi, the Sixth Babylonian king (1792-1750 BCE), 282 laws. Hammurabi standing before the sun-god Shamash. Originally from Babylon, found at Susa, Iran. One of the oldest deciphered writings of significant length in the world. The Code consists of 282 laws, with scaled punishments, adjusting "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth" (lex talionis) as graded depending on social status, of slave versus free man. Inscribed in the Akkadian language, using cuneiform script.

The Oldest Cookbook in the World, clay Babylonian tablet, inscribed in Akkadian. It dates to ca. 1750 BC (the time of Hammurabi) and contains the oldest known cooking recipes.

Babylonian memorial stone c.850 BCe, Marduk Temple

OLDEST EUROPEAN ALPHABET (800 BC, written in Greek/Phoenician, also the oldest existing writing tablet and part of the world's oldest book in codex form)

oldest map of the world! Babylon at center ; ) Assyria 3000-612BC; in 1793BC under Babylonian rule of Hammurabi; free with Ashur III 1521BC, peak Empire 911(!)BC incl. Lebanon

Copper statue of the Sun God Shamash, dating back to 1700-1600 BCE. Shamash, the Babylonian god of justice, is depicted on the famous Code of Hammurabi. The sun is named after him in Arabic, Hebrew and Syriac. Brooklyn Museum, Brooklyn, NY. Photo by Babylon Chronicle

The world's oldest spear, the Schöningen javelin it dates from approximately 400,000 BC

Babylonian Map of the World: Incised on a clay tablet & dates to the 5th century BC. It was discovered at Sippar, southern Iraq, 60 miles (97 km) north of Babylon on the Euphrates River, & was published in 1899. The clay tablet resides at the British Museum.

Instructions of Shuruppak dating back to 3,000 BC. This is one of the oldest known works of literature in human history

‘The Babylonian World Map, the earliest surviving map of the world (c. 600 BCE), is a symbolic, not a literal representation. It deliberately omits peoples such as the Persians and Egyptians, who were well known to the Babylonians. The area shown is depicted as a circular shape surrounded by water, which fits the religious image of the world in which the Babylonians believed.’