The Code of Hammurabi is a well-preserved Babylonian law code, dating back to about 1772 BC. It is one of the oldest deciphered writings of significant length in the world

Phoenician empire map, including Tyre, Sidon, Tripoli, Beirut (Lebanon). "Phoenicia" - Greek "Phoinike" meaning "land of purple"; Phoenicians referred to themselves as "Kena'ani" (i.e. "Canaanites") which appears to be the Hebrew word for "merchant". Phoenicia was a wealthy, cosmopolitan empire because of its maritime trade and purple dye. Sources:,

Painting on limestone; tomb of King's daughter, Neferetiabet, at Giza, 2590-2565 BC, Old Kingdom. Louvre, France.

Hypatia; daughter of the mathematician Theon (c. 335-405) last librarian of Alexandria (in Roman controlled Egypt), who raised her like a boy. Her scientific teaching was perceived as pagan. Hypatia was ambushed and skinned alive by a mob of Christian fanatics. Arguably, her murder marks the beginning of the Dark Ages.

The Rosetta Stone is a document that was carved in 196 B.C. and honours the Pharoah of Egypt praising him for the good things he had done for the priests and people of Egypt. The document is in three languages - Greek, Hieroglyphic and Demotic.After many years of studying the Rosetta Stone and other examples of ancient Egyptian writing, Jean-François Champollion deciphered hieroglyphs in 1822.

Enclosure C, Göbekli Tepe, Turkey. Estimated to be 17000 years old from carbon dating which ties it with Puma Punku for oldest archeological sites ever unearthed.

Babylonian Kudurru, land grant, 16-17th BC, Mesopotamia.

Cuneiform script is one of the earliest known forms of written expression. Emerging in Sumer around the 30th century BC, with predecessors reaching into the late 4th millennium (the Uruk IV period), cuneiform writing began as a system of pictographs.

The Valdivian or pre-Valdivian stone plaques or star charts (Ecuador 3500 - 1500 BC) are the earliest evidence of "writing" from the Americas.

Nimrod - Born Dec 25th. Nimrod, became a tyrannical ruler. As king, Nimrod created Babel. When Nimrod died, his wife, Queen Semiramis, deified him as the Sun-god, or Life Giver. Later he would become known as Baal, and those who followed the religion Semiramis created in his name would be called Baal worshippers. They became associated with idolatry, demon worship, human sacrifice and other practices regarded as evil.

Marie Curie with Albert Einstein

The Code of Hammurabi - Musée du Louvre; well-preserved Babylonian law code (first las code), dating back to about 1772 BC; "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth" (lex talionis); cuneiform or wedged-shaped writing

The Moabite Stone, also called the Mesha Stela, is an inscribed black basalt monument written in the Moabite language in c. 835 BC. It stands nearly four feet tall and was found in 1868 in the land of ancient Moab, now modern Jordan. It contains references to Biblical figures such as Israelite King Omri and Moabite King Mesha (cf. 1 and 2 Kings), as well as the covenant name of God, YHWH (cf. Exodus 3). It is now located in the Louvre.

The Code of Hammurabi (Codex Hammurabi, originated 1760 BCE in Ancient Babylon) is an ancient law code that predates the Law of Moses (1312 BCE), also known as the Mosaic Law/Torah (Jews) or Old Testament (Christians). Hammurabi's Code was created by the Babylonian king Hammurabi on seven foot tall, black diorite steel and depicts the king receiving the law from, Shamash, the Babylonian God of Justice

The Rosetta Stone, 196 BC; a fragment of a larger basalt steele, was written in Egyptian hieroglyph, Demotic (a shorthand) and Greek. Found by Napoleon's French soldiers while building a fort, it is now in the British Museum, London.

Sumer: Ancient dictionary from Uruk, thought to be one of the first. Dates to the middle of 1st millenium BC

Arkosic Dead Sea sandstone tablet describes repairs to Solomon's Temple by Joash who reigned about 839-799 BC and, in accord with this, carbon-14 dating by Israel's Geological Institute, under Shimon Ilani, has authenticated the inscription as being around 2,800 years old. The Institute's director, Amos Bean, reported that they had discovered flecks of gold burnt into the stone, indicating that it was probably in the Temple when the building was destroyed by invading Babylonians in about 58...

The Sphinx is generally accepted to have been built along with the Pyramids of Giza around 2500 BC. But, the Sphinx today has a vertical weathering profile in the limestone trench surrounding it. This erosion, according to geology, could only be the result of prolonged rainfall, in contrast to the dry weather experienced in Egypt since 2500 BC. Based on the climatic evidence, a geologist at Boston University, estimated it between 9,000 to 12,000 years old, when climate was wetter

Instructions of Shuruppak dating back to 3,000 BCE. This is one of the oldest known works of literature in human history

Giants Built the Ancient Pyramids of Egypt, Evidence Found...remember, the Bible speaks of giants on the earth...

Hammurabi was the first king of the Babylonian Empire.