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Law code of Hammurabi, basalt, Babylon, 1792-1750 BCE. Carved in Babylonian, depicts Hammurabi with ring and staff depicting kingship. Erected in Babylon, discovered in Susa where it had been removed as war booty. Stele also represents longest surviving text from Old Babylonian period.
Hammurabi was the first king of the Babylonian Empire, but is best remembered for his 1760BC creation of the first known written set of laws in history. This codex was written on a basalt stele standing nearly 2 meters tall, top by a relief depicting Hammurabi raising his hand to his mouth in respect to the Babylonian God, who is likely to have been Marduk
The Oldest Known Tablet Containing a Legal Code (2,100 BCE – 2,050 BCE): "The Code of Ur-Nammu is the oldest known tablet containing a law code surviving today. It was written in the Sumerian language ca. 2100-2050 BC. Although the preface directly credits the laws to king Ur-Nammu of Ur (2112-2095 BC), some historians think they should rather be ascribed to his son Shulgi. "The first copy of the code, in two fragments found at Nippur, was translated by Samuel Kramer in 1952; owing...
The Code of Hammurabi, the Sixth Babylonian king (1792-1750 BCE), 282 laws. Hammurabi standing before the sun-god Shamash. Originally from Babylon, found at Susa, Iran. One of the oldest deciphered writings of significant length in the world. The Code consists of 282 laws, with scaled punishments, adjusting "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth" (lex talionis) as graded depending on social status, of slave versus free man. Inscribed in the Akkadian language, using cuneiform script.
Perhaps the Oldest European Alphabet Circa 800 BCE. A writing tablet in Greek/Phoenician dating from this time may be the oldest European alphabet, the oldest writing tablet extant, and part of the world's oldest book in codex form. The other old writing tablets are 2 from Nimrod [Nimrud], one ivory, the other walnut wood, dated 707 - 705 BC., in addition to a 8th c. BC Neo-Hittite wood tablet.