The Code of Hammurabi is a well-preserved Babylonian law code, dating back to about 1772 BC. It is one of the oldest deciphered writings of significant length in the world

The Rosetta Stone is a document that was carved in 196 B.C. and honours the Pharoah of Egypt praising him for the good things he had done for the priests and people of Egypt. The document is in three languages - Greek, Hieroglyphic and Demotic.After many years of studying the Rosetta Stone and other examples of ancient Egyptian writing, Jean-François Champollion deciphered hieroglyphs in 1822.

Enclosure C, Göbekli Tepe, Turkey. Estimated to be 17000 years old from carbon dating which ties it with Puma Punku for oldest archeological sites ever unearthed.

Hypatia; daughter of the mathematician Theon (c. 335-405) last librarian of Alexandria (in Roman controlled Egypt), who raised her like a boy. Her scientific teaching was perceived as pagan. Hypatia was ambushed and skinned alive by a mob of Christian fanatics. Arguably, her murder marks the beginning of the Dark Ages.

The Code of Hammurabi (Codex Hammurabi, originated 1760 BCE in Ancient Babylon) is an ancient law code that predates the Law of Moses (1312 BCE), also known as the Mosaic Law/Torah (Jews) or Old Testament (Christians). Hammurabi's Code was created by the Babylonian king Hammurabi on seven foot tall, black diorite steel and depicts the king receiving the law from, Shamash, the Babylonian God of Justice

Arkosic Dead Sea sandstone tablet describes repairs to Solomon's Temple by Joash who reigned about 839-799 BC and, in accord with this, carbon-14 dating by Israel's Geological Institute, under Shimon Ilani, has authenticated the inscription as being around 2,800 years old.

Painting on limestone; tomb of King's daughter, Neferetiabet, at Giza, 2590-2565 BC, Old Kingdom. Louvre, France.

Babylonian Kudurru, land grant, 16-17th BC, Mesopotamia.

Phoenician empire map, including Tyre, Sidon, Tripoli, Beirut (Lebanon). "Phoenicia" - Greek "Phoinike" meaning "land of purple"; Phoenicians referred to themselves as "Kena'ani" (i.e. "Canaanites") which appears to be the Hebrew word for "merchant". Phoenicia was a wealthy, cosmopolitan empire because of its maritime trade and purple dye. Sources:,

Cuneiform script is one of the earliest known forms of written expression. Emerging in Sumer around the 30th century BC, with predecessors reaching into the late 4th millennium (the Uruk IV period), cuneiform writing began as a system of pictographs.

The Code of Hammurabi - Musée du Louvre; well-preserved Babylonian law code (first las code), dating back to about 1772 BC; "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth" (lex talionis); cuneiform or wedged-shaped writing

The Olmec "earliest pre-Columbian writing" dated between 1100 BCE and 900 BCE, with a set of 62 symbols, 28 of which are unique. There are also well-documented later hieroglyphs known as "Epi-Olmec", some who believe that Epi-Olmec may represent a transitional script between an earlier Olmec writing system and Mayan writing.

Babylonian Stone Tablet used in the research and assembly of a 21-volume dictionary of the language of ancient Mesopotamia and its Babylonian and Assyrian dialects. Unspoken for 2,000 years but preserved on clay tablets and in stone inscriptions deciphered over the last two centuries. Dictionary finally completed by scholars at the University of Chicago. There are now explanations and the ability to study Cuniform writing of the 4th millennium BC by the Sumerians of Mesopotamia. Too exciting...

Rongorongo is a system of mysterious glyphs discovered written on various artifacts on Easter Island. The glyphs remain undecipherable and many believe they may contain information about the statue-building Easter Island civilization.

Giants Built the Ancient Pyramids of Egypt, Evidence Found...remember, the Bible speaks of giants on the earth...

Ancient dictionary from Warka, Uruk, thought to be one of the first. Dates to the middle of 1st millenium BC, and is currently located at the Louvre, France.

Both Greek and Egyptian records spoke of an alien people who were thought to be closely connected with the import of copper. Egyptian records had referred to them as the “Keftiu” or” Keftians”, said to be “red-skinned”, from the red ochre they used, and came from the “Isles of the Sea”. (Photo: one of 30,000 ancient slate and clay tablets with cuneiform and paleo-Hebrew writing found in Michigan in 1890)

Administrative tablet in cuneiform. 3100–2900 BCE. Jemdet Nasr period (Uruk III script). Southern Mesopotamia. At the MMA. #archaeology #writing

The oldest water clock (or "clepsydra") known, the Egyptian "hourglass of Karnak," dating to around 1400 BC

Mesopotamian Tablet 3000 - 2000 BC

The Valdivian or pre-Valdivian stone plaques or star charts (Ecuador 3500 - 1500 BC) are the earliest evidence of "writing" from the Americas.