Martha Wayles Skelton Jefferson, wife of Thomas Jefferson who died and their daughter Martha Jefferson Randolph assumed 1st lady role.
Martha Washington: "I am still determined to be cheerful and happy, in whatever situation I may be; for I have also learned from experience that the greater part of our happiness or misery depends upon our dispositions, and not upon our circumstances." Martha Washington Born June 21, 1731, the 1st "First Lady".
MARTHA WAYLES SKELTON, a widow, married Thomas Jefferson in 1748. The strain of frequent pregnancies weakened Martha so gravely that Thomas curtailed his political activities to stay near her. He noted in his account book for Septr 6, 1782 "My dear wife died this day at 11-45 A.M." He did not remarry. Only two of their children survived infancy. Daughter Martha 'Patsy'Jefferson Randolph served as his first lady during his presidency.
Thomas Jefferson rose to prominence in Virginia politics, supported the revolutionary movement, served in both Continental Congresses, and was a major drafter of the Declaration of Independence. Became Governor of Virginia in 1779 and later succeeded Franklin as U.S. Minister to France. His sympathies were with the Revolutionary French. In 1790, Thomas Jefferson was appointed President Washington’s Secretary of State.
Martha Washington's gown, 1780s Made of salmon pink faille, Mrs. Washington's dress features a handpainted pattern of flowers and insects. It was first displayed in the original First Ladies Hall, which opened in the Arts and Industries Building in 1914. On loan for many years, the dress became part of the permanent collections in 1929.