Brutal Pageantry: Adolf Hitler salutes troops of the Condor Legion who fought alongside Spanish Nationalists in the Spanish Civil War during a rally upon their return to Germany, photographed in color by Hugo Jaeger (1939)
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Caption: "“Adolf Hitler salutes troops of the Condor Legion who fought alongside Spanish Nationalists in the Spanish Civil War, during a rally upon their return to Germany, 1939.” The war gave Nazi Germany the opportunity to test new weapons and tactics in a real battle environment -- to the grief of the people of Spain.
Adolf Hitler, 1939 | A Brutal Pageantry: The Third Reich’s Myth-Making Machinery, in Color | LIFE.com
World War II: A photo taken by Hitler’s personal photographer (and later acquired by LIFE) shows a 1939 rally in which Hitler salutes Luftwaffe troops who fought with Francisco Franco's ultra-right wing nationalist rebels in the Spanish Civil War.
When Hitler took office, Albert Einstein was on a lecture tour in the United States. He did not return home, and in April 1933 he requested expatriation. The caricature mocks Einstein as a "poor fool" and explains why his request was officially rejected: "The manservant at the German Embassy in Brussels was charged with curing a loitering Asian of the crazy idea that he’s a Prussian." Einstein's German nationality was eventually revoked by way of punitive expatriation on March 24, 1934.
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The Hebron massacre refers to the killing of sixty-seven Jews on 24 August 1929 in Hebron, then part of the British Mandate of Palestine, by Arabs incited to violence by false rumors that Jews were massacring Arabs in Jerusalem and seizing control of Muslim holy places. During the massacre, 67 Jews were killed and Jewish homes and synagogues were ransacked; nineteen local Arab families saved 435 Jews by hiding them in their houses at great risk to themselves.
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On 24 August 1929 in Hebron, Arab mobs attacked the Jewish quarter killing and raping men, women and children and looting Jewish property. They killed 65–68 Jews and wounded 58, with some of the victims being tortured, or mutilated. Sir John Chancellor, the British High Commissioner visited Hebron and later wrote to his son, "The horror of it is beyond words. http://en.wikipedia.or/wiki/1929_Palestine_riots
"Children wrestling outside a Jewish soup kitchen, Berlin. As a result of mounting antisemitism and wide-reaching Nazi racial policies, many middle-class German Jews became impoverished in the 1930s. By retaining aspects of middle-class life, Mittelstand Küchen helped them maintain their pride while benefiting from community assistance." Roman Vishniac. Interwar period.
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German-Jewish Relief and Community Organizations, Berlin, mid- to late 1930s | Roman Vishniac Archive Children wrestling outside a Jewish soup kitchen, Berlin]
Irmgard Huber, chief nurse at Hadamar Institute, poses in the corridor of the euthanasia facility. The euthanasia killings began in Aug 1939 with the murder of disabled infants and toddlers. In addition to the mentally and physically disabled, thousands of others met their end at Hadamar, including healthy Jewish Mischling children (the children of mixed marriages), tubercular Eastern European forced laborers (Ostarbeiter), German geriatric patients, and disabled German soldiers.
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Horrible: Irmgard Huber, chief nurse at Hadamar Institute, poses in the corridor of the euthanasia facility. The euthanasia killings began in Aug 1939 with the murder of disabled infants and toddlers. In addition to the mentally and physically disabled, thousands of others met their end at Hadamar, including healthy Jewish Mischling children (the children of mixed marriages), tubercular Eastern European forced laborers (Ostarbeiter), German geriatric patients, and disabled German soldiers.
Irmgard Huber, chief nurse at Hadamar Institute, poses in the corridor of the euthanasia facility. Hitler decided the mentally ill & physically disabled should die along w/imperfect babies.
In the early years of Nazi Germany, Hitler ordered the euthanasia program, codenamed Aktion T4, to eliminate those “unworthy of life”. The first series of murders were by starvation, then lethal injection before finally evolving to the gas chamber and cremation. Unlike in the concentration camps doctors, not soldiers, were put in charge of deciding those who were executed. Over 400,000 Germans were sterilized while just about 200,000 were exterminated for having various mental disabilities.
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Five handicapped Jewish prisoners who arrived in Buchenwald after Kristallnacht.
"In the early years of Nazi Germany, Hitler ordered the euthanasia program, codenamed Aktion T4, to eliminate those “unworthy of life”. The first series of murders were by starvation, then lethal injection before finally evolving to the gas chamber and cremation. Unlike in the concentration camps, doctors, not soldiers, were put in charge of deciding those who were executed. Over 400,000 Germans were sterilized while just about 200,000 were exterminated for having various mental disabilities."
dachau concentration camp | Disabled Jews with a black triangle on a yellow triangle, meaning DISABLED.
Viennese Jews are Forced to Scour the Streets (March/April 1938) The Jews who remained in the new Eastern March [Ostmark] quickly fell victim to the anti-Semitic laws that had been in effect in the German Reich since 1933. They were deprived of their political and civil rights, forced out of their professions, and lost their firms and shops in the process of "Aryanization."
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Hitler Youth members, guided by an adult (standing right), guard Jews forced to scrub the pavement—one of many antisemitic acts following the German annexation of Austria.
Hitler Youth forcing Jews to clean a street. [[MORE]]myatomsareyouratoms:The day after the Anschluss on 13/03/1938, the Jews of Vienna were forced to erase the election slogans of the “Homeland Front” from the walls and streets.
I wonder if anyone reading that newspaper on that day knew what the Anschluss really meant...
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Austria seizes Hitler - The Anschluss.
March 21, 1933 ~ Finishing his speech, Hitler walked over to Hindenburg and respectfully bowed before him while taking hold of the old man's hand. The scene was recorded on film and by press photographers from around the world. Precisely the impression Hitler and Goebbels wanted to give to the world, all the while plotting to toss aside Hindenburg and the elected Reichstag.
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January 30, 1933: Adolf Hitler appointed Chancellor of Germany by Paul von Hindenburg
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Jan 30, 1933 President Hindenburg appoints Hitler as Chancellor of Germany.
On this day, March 7th, 1936, Nazi leader Adolf Hitler violates the Treaty of Versailles and the Locarno Pact by sending German military forces into the Rhineland, a demilitarized zone along the Rhine River in western Germany. This marks the beginning of the Nazi nightmare that swept Europe. World War II
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The History Place - Triumph of Hitler: Nazis March into the Rhineland
The Treaty Of Versailles; On March 7th, 1936, Nazi leader Adolf Hitler violates the Treaty of Versailles and the Locarno Pact by sending German military forces into the Rhineland, a demilitarized zone along the Rhine River in western Germany. This marks the beginning of the Nazi nightmare that swept Europe.
Here is where German troops marched into Rhineland, where fellow German civilians celebrated. After WW I, The treaty of Versailles stated that Rhineland was to be ruled by Germany, but they could not place any troops within its boundaries.
Saturday, March 7, 1936 - German Army troops cross a bridge over the Rhine River and enter the Rhineland - for the first time since the end of World War I. Source: http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2
Great picture from 1920 - Adeline Gehrig and Alice Gilenke, US female fencing champions - Gehrig competed in the 1924 Olympics - the first Olympic Games open to women! (Maine Historical Society)
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Portland, ME with Alice Glienke. They were on a two-week hiking vacation in New England and planned to visit Bar Harbor and Poland Spring. (http://bit.ly/fXTEH2)
The dog in The Wizard of Oz was originally supposed to be played by a Dachshund named Otto, however, the studio thought there was still too much post war tenson and replaced Otto with a Norwich terrier. This is one of the original still shots from the movie.
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A little know piece of dachshund movie trivia: the part of the pet dog of Dorothy in the Wizard of Oz, was originally scripted for a miniature dachshund named Otto
The "original" Toto Otto the Dachshund owned by Margaret Hamilton (actress who played the Wicked Witch of the West). Otto was replaced because of being a German dog. See below: Did you know the part of Dorothy's pet dog in "The Wizard of Oz" was originally scripted for a dachshund named "Otto"? No joke! In the 1939 movie, Otto the miniature dachshund (above) played Dorothy's dog until the studio replaced him due to anti-German hostility. His replacement was a Norwich terrier who they called "Toto" instead of "Otto." And the rest is history. The photo above, from unreleased movie footage, shows Dorothy singing "Over the Rainbow" with Otto in the background!
Hyperinflation in Germany, 1923- People sweeping money in the streets.
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Are We On The Verge Of A Massive Emerging Markets Currency Collapse? - http://notjustthenews.com/2014/01/28/economic-trends/are-we-on-the-verge-of-a-massive-emerging-markets-currency-collapse/
This time, the Federal Reserve has created a truly global problem. A big chunk of the trillions of dollars that it pumped into the financial system over the past several years has flowed into emerging markets. But now that the Fed has decided to begin “the taper”, investors see it as a sign to pull
Hyper-inflation in Weimar Germany
Hungarian man sweeping banknotes of the hyper-inflated pengo after the introduction of the forint, 1946.
The hyperinflation in the Weimar Republic was a three-year period of hyperinflation in Germany (the Weimar Republic ) between June 1921 and January 1924
December 5th 1933 - The night they ended Prohibition
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This image is showing the day the alcohol prohibition ended and everybody is celebrating by drinking alcohol. All the bars were full before the prohibition, but never packed like this bar was after the prohibition. They had all gone that time without alcohol, they wanted to make up for all those days and weeks they were not allowed to drink
Prohibition’s Happy Ending
Bevdog Happy Hour Prohibition Ends at Last!! December 5, 1933
Citizens in a bar celebrate the end of alcohol prohibition in the United States. December 5th, 1933.
In 1938, nine months before the official beginning of WWII, England opened its borders to around 10,000 children - mostly Jewish - who were fleeing the Nazi regime. The children were sent, without their parents, out of Austria, Germany, Poland and Czechoslovakia in a process that became known as Kindertransport. At a time when most Jewish families were prevented from traveling abroad by lack of funds or stringent visa controls, this program was a miracle.
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Arrival of Jewish refugee children, port of London, February 1939-On 15 November 1938, five days after the devastation of Kristallnacht, the Night of Broken Glass, in Germany and Austria, a delegation of British Jewish and Quaker leaders appealed in person to the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Neville Chamberlain. Among other measures, they requested that the British government permit the temporary admission of unaccompanied Jewish children, without their parents.
Kindertransport. In 1938, nine months before the official beginning of WWII, England opened its borders to around 10,000 children - mostly Jewish - who were fleeing the Nazi regime. The children were sent, without their parents, out of Austria, Germany, Poland and Czechoslovakia in a process that became known as Kindertransport. At a time when most Jewish families were prevented from traveling abroad by lack of funds or stringent visa controls, this program was a miracle.
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The bread slicer was invented on July 26th, 1927. The slicer was invented by Otto Frederick Rowedder.
First Whole Loaf Bread Slicer. - "Listen Gladyce, this is the best invention ever. Everything in the future will be compared to it!"
Otto Rohwedder of Davenport, IA, invented the first loaf at a time bread slicing machine. The first commercial use of the machine was on July 7, 1928, by the Chillicothe Baking Company (pictured) in Chillicothe, Mo. The machine led to the saying, "the greatest thing since sliced bread."
bread, sliced (bread-slicing machine) 1928 Otto Frederick Rohwedder
For Coloreds Only | 1938 Image shows several African American youths hanging out around the stairs leading up to the back entrance of a segregated movie theater showing the Tarzan film, Call of the Savage. Anniston, Alabama, 1937. Peter Sekaer, Photographer.
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Walker Evans, 1936
Black History Album For Coloreds Only | 1938 Image shows several African American youths hanging out around the stairs leading up to the back entrance of a segregated movie theater showing the Tarzan film, Call of the Savage. Anniston, Alabama, 1937. Peter Sekaer, Photographer.
Pittsburgh slum dwelling, 1938. Photograph by Arthur Rothstein.
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Rear Window: 1938
Pittsburgh slum dwelling, 1938.
1931. U.S. Civil Rights protestors demonstrating for fair employment during the Great Depression. Photograph by Ralph A. Ross. Missouri History Museum.
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1931. U.S. Civil Rights protesters demonstrating for fair employment during the Great Depression. Photograph by Ralph A. Ross. Missouri History Museum.
Civil Rights protestors demonstrating for fair employment during the Great Depression. Photograph by Ralph A. Ross, 1931. Missouri History Museum Photographs and Prints Collections. Events and Parades Collection. N01583.
Unemployed march, Pine Street, during Great Depression. Photograph by Ralph A. Ross, 1931. Missouri History Museum.
January 03, 1938...The March of Dimes was established by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt to fight polio.
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Only two photos exist of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt in his wheelchair.
"Confidence... thrives only on honesty, on honor, on the sacredness of obligations, on faithful protection and on unselfish performance. Without them, it cannot live." -- Franklin Roosevelt, 32nd U.S. president
Franklin Delano Roosevelt. One of only two known photos of FDR in his wheelchair.
The only know picture of FDR in a wheelchair. Franklin D. Roosevelt was the first and only president who had a physical disability. He was diagnosed with polio at the age of 39. Many people believed that FDRs disability made him a better man.
August 25, 1921: FDR is Diagnosed with Polio On this day in 1921, Dr. Robert Lovett diagnosed 39-year-old Franklin Roosevelt with infantile paralysis, more commonly known as polio. The diagnosis came a few weeks after a fall into icy waters that left him unable to feel parts of his body and hold his own weight. Although there was no cure for polio at the time, FDR participated in rehabilitation classes and swimming exercises to regain his strength before re-entering politics. Learn about FDR’s recovery process with this preview clip from Ken Burns’s The Roosevelts. Photo: President Roosevelt in his wheelchair on the porch at Top Cottage in Hyde Park, NY with his dog, Fala, and Ruthie Bie, granddaughter of the cottage’s caretaker. February 1941. Wikimedia Commons.
depression era photograph- her expression and body language are haunting.
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July 1940. Berrien County, Michigan. "Migrant mother of family from Arkansas in roadside camp of cherry pickers."... Black and White Photography
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Warsaw, 1939 - German soldiers, (Nazis), searching for and removing anything of value in the abandoned homes of Jews. These Jews had been forcibly relocated to ghettos or were transported to concentration camps.
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1939 - Warsaw, Poland: German soldiers search for and remove anything of value in the abandoned homes of Jews, who had been forcibly relocated to ghettos or transported to concentration camps.
German soldiers search Otto and Dina's house after they escape. (German soldiers in a Jewish house in Poland.)
A non-aggression treaty known as the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, was signed between Germany and the Soviet Union, 74 years ago today on Aug. 23, 1939. A secret protocol that divided Eastern Europe into Nazi and Soviet spheres of influence was included in the pact, although the treaty was declared void upon Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941.
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On August 23, 1939 Soviet Foreign Commissar Vyacheslav Molotov signs the German-Soviet nonaggression pact; Joachim von Ribbentrop and Josef Stalin stand behind him. Moscow
The History Place - World War II in Europe Timeline: August 23, 1939 - Nazis and Soviets Sign Pact
Communist youth in Berlin demonstrate on May Day 1931
Communist youth in Berlin demonstrate on May Day, 1931
Richard Walther Darré speaking at a Reichsnährstand assembly in Goslar, 1937. He was one of the leading Nazi "blood and soil" (German: Blut und Boden) ideologists. He was appointed by Hitler as Reich Minister of Food and Agriculture. He served in that position from 1933 to 1942. After the war, he was briefly imprisoned and was released in 1950. He died 3 years later.