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Tools of slaves

slaves and ex-slaves photos...


Slaves at Monticello

Great Sale of Slaves

"1939 Former slave with horn used to call slaves, near Marshall, Texas." Russell Lee.

Liberated slaves were treated as contraband or captured property at this time. The confiscation act of 1861 allowed seizing Confederate property but did not clarify the fate of captured slaves. One Union general gained notoriety for general order No. 11 which freed all slaves in areas under his control. President Lincoln countermanded this order amid concerns of the political consequences in four slave holding border states that remained in the Union.

Slaves Dance to Banjo

slaves working with cotton

South Slaves

Escaped Slaves

Wilson Chinn, a sixty year old former slave was branded on the forehead with his owner's initials, 'V. B. M.' Chinn is wearing a contraption and irons designed to prevent slave escapes. At lower left is a slave paddle. Ca. 1864.

Head slave housing at Monticello

Photos of former slaves have emerged. We will never forget.

Slaves Until 1940?

African American Ex-slaves Sitting

"The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks -- A poor black tobacco farmer whose cells—taken without her knowledge in 1951 and now called HeLa cells—became one of the most important tools in medicine, vital for developing the polio vaccine, cloning, gene mapping, in vitro fertilization, and more. Henrietta’s cells have been bought and sold by the billions, yet she remains virtually unknown, and her family can’t afford health insurance."

I freed a thousand slaves I could have freed a thousand more if only they knew they were slaves.” Harriet Tubman 1820-1913 "Her courage and hope for freedom made her one of the most beautiful women known."

New York Public Library Collection -- Slave Children

White Slaves Mass Campaign: Eight former slaves toured the northern states to raise money for impoverished African-American schools in New Orleans; four children with mixed-race ancestry and pale complexions were deliberately included to evoke sympathy from white northerners. ca 1865

Slave auction. Look at the scars and welter on his body. Horrible.