Iberian Peninsula in 1157 AD The Reconquista had reached the Tejo river by the end of the 11th century but the Almoravid invasion prevented further expansion southwards. The only noteworthy military actions until mid 12th century happened in the Portuguese border where King D.Afonso Henriques managed to conquer the cities of Leiria, Santarém and Lisbon between 1135 and 1147: an exception in the otherwise stable borders between Christian and Muslim territories during the same period.
CORNISH INDEPENDENCE | CIVIL WAR: 'During the Civil War in 1644, the Tamar valley area witnessed a fierce battle between the Cornish Royalists and English Parliamentarians to gain control of the tin trade. The conflict also saw Cornish commander Sir Richard Grenville put forward an audacious plan for a semi-independent Cornwall with the Prince of Wales at its head. It was the last time the Tamar was a fiercely contested border between two separate sides.' ✫ღ⊰n