Cittern (c.1685) by Joachim Tielke (Hamburg, German, 1641–1719) H63.2cm / W23.6cm. The bell-shaped cittern was a specialty of Hamburg related to as the Hamburger Cithrinchen. It was a fashionable instrument from about 1650 to 1750. Cittern is a plucked stringed instrument with 5 or 6 courses metal strings, making brighter and louder sounds than gut strings, and inlaid metal frets. Players use a plectrum to pluck the strings.
Lira, ca. 1890 Greece Wood, tortoiseshell, ivory; The lira is a descendant of the rebec, a bowed folk and minstrel instrument of the late Middle Ages. The ancient type survives in Greece and other countries of the southern Balkans, but rarely as elaborately decorated as this one. Shown here without a bow, this lira has a reconstructed bridge.