Auschwitz - Birkenau, concentration and extermination camps built and operated by the Third Reich in Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany during World War II. From the 1942 Auschwitz became the largest site for the murder of Jews brought here under the Nazi plan for their extermination. More than 1,100,000 people lost their lives here.Many of those not killed in the gas chambers died of starvation, forced labor, infectious diseases, individual executions, and medical experiments.
Gerhard Palitzsch SS-Hauptscharführer 1913 - ? Rapportführer in the Stammlager At the beginning of his career, Palitzsch served as a sentry in the concentration camps Lichtenburg, Buchenwald, and Sachsenhausen, where he was Blockführer (head of a prisoners’ barrack). From Sachsenhausen he was transferred to Auschwitz, where he arrived on 20 May 1940. 1. Cont'd-
"Ruchla Zylberberg lived in the village of Zawichost. Her father fled to the USSR. In 1941 at the age of 8, she was deported with her mother and sister Esther to Auschwitz, where those two were killed. Ruchla remained in the children's barracks in the camp. In December 1944 she was sent, together with 19 other Jewish children ages 5 - 12, to the Neuengamme camp near Hamburg, where they were subjected to medical experimentaton, then on April 20, 1945, were taken to a school building and killed."