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Richard Baer Kommandant at Auschwitz (1944-1945) and Dora (1945.) Baer served in the SS Totenkopf Division in 1942. At least 1,000,000 persons died at Auschwitz; about 20,000 perished at Dora. He died while in detention at trial in Frankfurt, Germany on June 17, 1963, having avoided prosecution for many years due to a false identity of Karl Neumann.

Paul Werner Hoppe Kommandant at Stutthof (1942-1945.) Won the Iron Cross First Class, while serving in the SS Totenkopf Division. He was sentenced to nine years imprisonment, released in 1966 and died in July 1974. After the war, he stated about the Final Solution, “All this never happened. It’s all lies.”

Waffen SS killed many prisoners in cold blood; 12th SS Panzer Divison “Hitlerjugend”, a unit that took 43% of the casualties in the Normandy landings, it's youthful troops earning it the nickname “Baby Division” by the Allies. Many were so young that rather than standard tobacco/alcohol ration, they were given chocolate and sweets. In just under a year, the 20,540 members of the division had been whittled down to 10,000. Many allied troops did not accept the surrender of SS troops.

Reichsstatthalter Arthur Seyss-Inquart. In 1939 Seyss-Inquart was named deputy to Governor-General Hans Frank in the General Government of Occupied Poland. In 1940, he became Reichkommissar for the German occupied Netherlands. In that capacity, he was responsible for the deportation of 5,000,000 Dutchmen to Germany for labor and 117,000 Dutch Jews to the east. He was executed in Nuremberg prison in 1946.

Theodor Eicke Kommandant at Dachau (1933-1934.) One of the most brutal men in the concentration camp system, he became the Inspector of Concentration Camps, after his stint at Dachau. He later served in the SS Totenkopf Division and assumed command of that formation. He was a winner of the Knight’s Cross with Oak Leaves; he was killed when his aircraft was shot down in Russia on February 26, 1943.

"Max Pauly, Kommandant at Stutthof (1941-1942) and Neuengamme (1942-1945.) Max Pauly was hanged on October 8, 1948 at Hameln, Germany."

The Totenkopf division was one of the "Germanic" divisions of the Waffen-SS. These included 1st SS Panzer Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler, 2nd SS Panzer Division Das Reich, and 5th SS Panzer Division Wiking.

12-year-old Hitler Youth member Alfred Zech from Goldenau, Germany, posing with his Iron Cross 2nd Class medal, March 1945

Hermann Prieß (1901 – 1985) was the commander of 3rd SS Division Totenkopf following the death of Theodor Eicke in February 1943.He was promoted to SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Waffen-SS on April 20, 1944. On October 30, 1944 he became the commanding officer of the 1st SS-Panzerkorps Leibstandarte and led it during the Battle of the Bulge.After the war, Hermann Prieß was convicted to 20 years imprisonment but was released in 1954.

Friedrich Paulus (1890-1957, seen here in 1954) was best known for commanding the 6th Army at Stalingrad, where 265,000 soldiers were encircled and defeated, of which only 6,000 survived captivity. Paulus surrendered to Soviet forces on January 31, 1943, and, while Hitler expected him to commit suicide, Paulus said "I have no intention of shooting myself for this Bohemian corporal". He became a vocal critic of the Nazi regime and joined the Soviet-sponsored National Committee for a Free Germany.

Ferenc Szálasi was the leader of the fascist Arrow Cross Party in Hungary and the "Leader of the Nation" as the head of government for the final three months of Hungary's participation in WW2, after Germany occupied Hungary and removed the Regent, Miklós Horthy, by force. During his brief rule, Szálasi's men murdered 10,000–15,000 Jews. After the war, he was tried, found guilty and executed in 1946 for crimes against the Hungarian state.

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Holocaust Memorials Around The World

Holocaust Memorials

SS-Untersturmführer Günther SS-Hauptscharführer Alfred Günther (25 April 1917 – 15 June 1944) after receiving his Knights Cross in June 1943, he was later promoted to the rank of SS-Untersturmführer. (1.SS Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler).

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