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    • Gisèle Dandurand

      Oliver Cromwell and the Long Parliament (Original) Description: Who Said...? "What shall we do with this bauble? There, take it away!" Oliver Cromwell in the House of Commons in 1653. Cromwell symbolically dissolves The Long Parliament by removing the Mace, the symbol of Parliamentary power. Original artwork from Look and Learn no. 284 (24 June 1967).

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    The birth of James Scott, st Duke of Monmouth on this day 9th April, 1649, claimant to the English throne. who led a failed rebellion against James II which cost his head. His 320 accomplices were sentenced to death by Judge Jeffries

    Henry Stewart, Lord Darnley and his brother Charles Stewart, Earl of Lennox | Royal Collection Trust

    Richard Gibson, portrait of an unknown woman This is possibly of Frances Jennings (about 1648-1730/1). She was a Maid of Honour at the court of Charles II and a celebrated court beauty. She later married Richard Talbot, who became the 1st Duke of Tyrconnell in 1689.

    In 1612, James I moved his mother's tomb from Peterborough Cathedral and had her reburied opposite her cousin and arch-rival Elizabeth I in the Henry VIII chapel of Westminster Abbey. Next to Mary is the tomb of the Countess of Lennox, James' grandmother, with a kneeling figure of her son, Lord Darnley, James' father. This piece of extravagant irony, was more about a consolidation of James' image for posterity than respect for his estranged mother.

    Marie Louise d'Orléans by Mignard wearing the Fleur-de-lis (showing her dignity as a Grand daughter of France) and the Spanish crown. She was consort of Charles II of Spain. Daughter of Henrietta Stuart of Great Britain.

    Hortense Mancini, Duchess Mazarin (1646-1699) Amazing woman - Born a niece of the powerful Cardinal Mazarin, Hortense was a beautiful, flamboyant woman unhappily married off to a fanatical madman. Granted, she would have challenged most husbands: she rode, shot, gambled, swam, read and wrote, fought with swords, dressed in men's clothes, kept a menagerie of pets, and took lovers with abandon, including the English King Charles II. Her memoirs are now a biography: The Kings' Mistresses, E Goldsmi

    Henrietta Stuart, youngest sister of Charles II and sister in law and alleged lover of Louis XIV

    "Hortense Mancini Duchess of Mazarin" by Godfrey Kneller (1693) at the Museums Sheffield, Sheffield - From the curators' comments: "Hortense Mancini was an intelligent and independent woman. She made her debut at the French court in 1657 and subsequently married the Marquis de La Meilleraye. Her husband was a jealous and increasingly eccentric man and Hortense fled France in 1668. She eventually arrived in England in male costume where she rekindled a previous affair with Charles II of England."

    Barbara Palmer (née Villiers), Duchess of Cleveland with her son, Charles Fitzroy, as Madonna and Child after Sir Peter Lely oil on canvas, circa 1664 The Duchess was the long time mistress of Charles II.

    Daughter of Queen Claude and Francis I: Madeleine de Valois, Queen consort of Scotland to James V, son of Princess Margaret Tudor. She died only months after her marriage, aged 17. Portrait by Francois Clouet, 1537. (James married Mary of Guise as his second wife.)

    Rosalba Carriera (Venice 1675-1757), Portrait of Lord Sidney Beauclerk (1703-1744), half-length, in a grey velvet coat and white stock. Photo: Christie's Images Ltd., 2012 red and black chalk, pastel, bodycolour; 22 1/16 x 17 1/16 in. (56.1 x 43.3 cm.)

    ca. 1636 Mary (Villiers) Stewart, Duchess of Richmond by Sir Anthonis van Dyck (North Carolina Museum of Art, Raleigh North Carolina) Daughter of favorite George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham, she married, secondly,James Stewart, 1st Duke of Richmond, 4th Duke of Lennox, a Scottish nobleman, eldest son of Esmé Stewart, 3rd Duke of Lennox and his wife Katherine Clifton, 2nd Baroness Clifton, and cousin of Charles I.

    Elisabeth of the Palatinate (26 December 1618 – 11 February 1680), also known as Elisabeth of Bohemia, was the eldest daughter of Frederick V, Elector Palatine, who was briefly King of Bohemia, and Elizabeth Stuart. Elisabeth ruled the Herford Abbey as Princess-Abbess and is well known for having established a philosophical correspondence with René Descartes that lasted for seven years until his death in 1650.

    Princess Elisabeth of the Palatinate (1618-1680), reputedly the most lovely of the princesses, she eschewed marriage in favour of more intellectual pursuits and counted René Descartes amongst her philosophical pen pals.

    Prince Rupert of the Rhine, grandson of James I, great-grandson of Mary, Queen of Scots, Studio of Sir Peter Lely, painting,circa 1670

    Prince Rupert of the Rhine

    Princess Louisa of Stolberg, 1753 - 1824. Wife of Prince Charles Edward Stuart, the fecklessYoung Pretender. They had no children. She was a long-suffering woman.

    1936 Penny reverse showing Britannia, modeled on the appearance of the lovely Francis Stuart, Duchess of Richmond, a beauty of the court of Charles II.

    Frances, Duchess of Richmond, born a Stuart relative, and married to one, was the model for the figure of Britannia found on British coins. Her latest appearance was on the 50 pence piece in 2006. Much admired by, but apparently the lover of, Charles II.

    Frances Stuart, Duchess of Richmond, court beauty and favourite of Charles II, is shown in Samuel Cooper's miniature wearing female riding attire consisting of a scarlet riding habit embroidered in gold and silver worn over a lilac undervest.

    The memorial of Lord Darnley. The Earl (Matthew Stewart) and the Countess (nee Margaret Douglas, daughter of Margaret Tudor) of Lennox kneel with their younger son Charles and their grandson James of Scotland, demanding vengeance for Lord Darnley's death in front of his tomb, by Livinus De Vogelaare Tudor Place

    Mary of Modena 5 October 1658 – 7 May 1718) was Queen consort of England, Scotland and Ireland as the second wife of King James II and VII. A devout Catholic, Mary became, in 1673, the second wife of James, Duke of York, who later succeeded his older brother Charles II as King James II.

    Lady Anne Hyde, Duchess of York, wife of James II, mother of Queens Mary II & Anne (succumbed to breast cancer)

    King James II When Duke Of York

    James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick, 1st Duke of Fitz-James, 1st Duke of Liria and Jérica; illegitimate son of King James II and Arabella Churchill.