The birth of James Scott, st Duke of Monmouth on this day 9th April, 1649, claimant to the English throne. who led a failed rebellion against James II which cost his head. His 320 accomplices were sentenced to death by Judge Jeffries
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James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth, 1st Duke of Buccleuch, the eldest illegitimate son of Charles II and his mistress, Lucy Walter. Monmouth was executed in 1685 after making an unsuccessful attempt to depose his uncle, King James II, commonly called the Monmouth Rebellion. Interesting history if you love OUTLANDER.
Henry Stewart, Lord Darnley and his brother Charles Stewart, Earl of Lennox. 1563 by Hans Eworth, T,he sons of Margaret Lennox. Lord Darnley married Mary Queen of Scots and was the father of James VI of Scotland and Ist of England. He was killed probably in a conspiracy which included his wife and her undoubted lover,Lord Bothwell.
Henry Stewart, Lord Darnley and his brother Charles Stewart, Earl of Lennox | Royal Collection Trust
Arbella Stuart, Lord Darnley, Charles Stewart, Henry Stuart, Queen, Brother Charles, Charles Stuart, Elizabethan Costumes, Hans Eworth
Henry Stewart, Lord Darnley, and his brother Charles Stewart, Earl of Lennox – by Hans Eworth – c.1563. Lord Darnley married Mary Queen of Scots and was the father of James VI of Scotland and I of England.
A portrait of Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, Mary, Queen of Scots second husband, and his brother Charles Stuart, the future father of Arbella Stuart. Arbella was considered as a successor for Queen Elizabeth I.
Richard Gibson, portrait of an unknown woman This is possibly of Frances Jennings (about 1648-1730/1). She was a Maid of Honour at the court of Charles II and a celebrated court beauty. She later married Richard Talbot, who became the 1st Duke of Tyrconnell in 1689.
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Unknown Woman, said to be Frances Jennings, later Duchess of Tyrconnell (Portrait miniature)
Richard Gibson, portrait of an unknown woman This is possibly of Frances Jennings (about 1648-1730/1). She was a Maid of Honour at the court of Charles II and a celebrated court beauty. She later married Richard Talbot, who became the 1st Duke of Tyrconnell in 1689. She was also the sister of Sarah Jennings, who married John Churchill and later became the Duchess of Marlborough.
In 1612, James I moved his mother's tomb from Peterborough Cathedral and had her reburied opposite her cousin and arch-rival Elizabeth I in the Henry VIII chapel of Westminster Abbey. Next to Mary is the tomb of the Countess of Lennox, James' grandmother, with a kneeling figure of her son, Lord Darnley, James' father. This piece of extravagant irony, was more about a consolidation of James' image for posterity than respect for his estranged mother.
Mothers Tomb, Countess, Grandmothers, Peterborough Cathedrals, Cousins, Elizabeth I, 1612, Consolidation, Estrang Mothers
In 1612, James I moved his mother's tomb from Peterborough Cathedral and had her reburied opposite her cousin and arch-rival Elizabeth I in the Henry VIII chapel at Westminster Abbey. Next to Mary is the tomb of the Countess of Lennox, James' grandmother, with a kneeling figure of her son, Lord Darnley, James' father. This piece of extravagant irony, was more about a consolidation of James' image for posterity than respect for his estranged mother.
Marie Louise d'Orléans by Mignard wearing the Fleur-de-lis (showing her dignity as a Grand daughter of France) and the Spanish crown. She was consort of Charles II of Spain. Daughter of Henrietta Stuart of Great Britain.
Mignard Stone, Grand Daughters, Mary Louise, Maria Luisa, Spanish Crowns, Louise D Orléan, Mignard Wear, Luisa, Louis D Orléan
Marie Louise of Orléans (26 March 1662 – 12 February 1689) was Queen consort of Spain from 1679 to 1689 as the first wife of King Charles II of Spain. She was a granddaughter of Louis XIII of France; this made her a petite-fille de France ("Granddaughter of France"). In her adopted country, she was known as María Luisa de Orleans.Marie Louise by Mignard, 1679
1679 Marie Louise d'Orléans by Pierre Mignard wearing the Fleur-de-lis (showing her dignity as a Grand daughter of France) and the Spanish crown by Pierre Mignard
Hortense Mancini, Duchess Mazarin (1646-1699) Amazing woman - Born a niece of the powerful Cardinal Mazarin, Hortense was a beautiful, flamboyant woman unhappily married off to a fanatical madman. Granted, she would have challenged most husbands: she rode, shot, gambled, swam, read and wrote, fought with swords, dressed in men's clothes, kept a menagerie of pets, and took lovers with abandon, including the English King Charles II. Her memoirs are now a biography: The Kings' Mistresses, E Goldsmi
Horten Mancini, Women In History, 17Th Century, King Mistress, History Lessons, Hortens Mancini, Amazing Women, European History, Gennari Portraits
http://madameguillotine.org.uk - fantastic website about women in history with special focus on the French Revolution.
Henrietta Stuart, youngest sister of Charles II and sister in law and alleged lover of Louis XIV
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Henriette-Anne of England, duchesse d'Orléans, Minette (1644-1670), first wife of Monsieur, Philippe d'Orleans, 1660's by Jean Charles Nocret (1615-1675)
"Hortense Mancini Duchess of Mazarin" by Godfrey Kneller (1693) at the Museums Sheffield, Sheffield - From the curators' comments: "Hortense Mancini was an intelligent and independent woman. She made her debut at the French court in 1657 and subsequently married the Marquis de La Meilleraye. Her husband was a jealous and increasingly eccentric man and Hortense fled France in 1668. She eventually arrived in England in male costume where she rekindled a previous affair with Charles II of England."
Sir Godfrey, Horten Mancini, Godfrey Kneller, Les Mazarinett, Duchess Mazarin, 17Th Century, Stuart England, Hortens Mancini, Charles Ii
Hortense Mancini, duchesse Mazarin (6 June 1646, Rome – 9 November 1699, Chelsea), was the favourite niece of Cardinal Mazarin,  chief minister of France, and a mistress of Charles II, King of England, Scotland and Ireland. She was the fourth of the five famous Mancini sisters, who along with two of their female Martinozzi cousins, were known at the court of King Louis XIV of France as the Mazarinettes.
"Hortense Mancini, Duchesse de Mazarin" by Sir Godfrey Kneller ... Hortense was a mistress of Charles II of England.
Barbara Palmer (née Villiers), Duchess of Cleveland with her son, Charles Fitzroy, as Madonna and Child after Sir Peter Lely oil on canvas, circa 1664 The Duchess was the long time mistress of Charles II.
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Peter Lely (1618–1680) Duchess of Cleveland with her son, Charles Fitzroy, as Madonna and Child, c. 1664 Oil on canvas National Portrait Gallery
Ancestor. Duke of Grafton with his mother, Barbara Villiers. Second Child of Charles the Second; National Portrait Gallery.
Daughter of Queen Claude and Francis I: Madeleine de Valois, Queen consort of Scotland to James V, son of Princess Margaret Tudor. She died only months after her marriage, aged 17. Portrait by Francois Clouet, 1537. (James married Mary of Guise as his second wife.)
James Of Arci, Princesses Margaret, De Valois1537, Madeleine, Francois Clouet, Daughters, Margaret Tudor, Beautiful Tudor, 1520 1537
Madeleine de Valois1537
Madeleine de Valois, Daughter of Queen Claude and Francis I, Queen consort of Scotland to James V, son of Princess Margaret Tudor by Francois Clouet, 1537. The frail French princess married James V of Scotland for love, but died of tuberculosis six months after their wedding.
Rosalba Carriera (Venice 1675-1757), Portrait of Lord Sidney Beauclerk (1703-1744), half-length, in a grey velvet coat and white stock. Photo: Christie's Images Ltd., 2012 red and black chalk, pastel, bodycolour; 22 1/16 x 17 1/16 in. (56.1 x 43.3 cm.)
Rosalba Career, Beauclerk 1703 1744, Sidney Beauclerk, Lord Sidney, Carriera Portraits, Grey Velvet, Carriera Rosalba, Velvet Coats, Carriera Venice
Rosalba Carriera (Venice 1675-1757) Portrait of Lord Sidney Beauclerk (1703-1744), half-length, in a grey velvet coat and white stock
CARRIERA Rosalba - Italian (Venice 1675 – 1757) ~ Sidney Beauclerk (1703-1744)
Rosalba Carriera, Portrait of Lord Sidney Beauclerk (1703-1744), half-length, in a grey velvet coat and white stock. Photo: Christie's Images Ltd., 2012 red and black chalk, pastel, bodycolour; 22 1/16 x 17 1/16 in. (56.1 x 43.3 cm.)
ca. 1636 Mary (Villiers) Stewart, Duchess of Richmond by Sir Anthonis van Dyck (North Carolina Museum of Art, Raleigh North Carolina) Daughter of favorite George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham, she married, secondly,James Stewart, 1st Duke of Richmond, 4th Duke of Lennox, a Scottish nobleman, eldest son of Esmé Stewart, 3rd Duke of Lennox and his wife Katherine Clifton, 2nd Baroness Clifton, and cousin of Charles I.
Mary Villier, Carolina Usa, 17Th Century, And Lart, Carolina Museums, Anthony Vans Dyck, Charles Hamilton, North Carolina, Sir Anthony
ca. 1636 Mary Villiers, Duchess of Richmond by Sir Anthonis van Dyck (North Carolina Museum of Art - Raleigh, North Carolina USA)
Lady Mary Villiers, Later Dss. of Richmond and Lennox (1622-1685), with Charles Hamilton, Lord Arran (c. 1630-1640). Anthony van Dyck, c. 1637. Tumblr
Elisabeth of the Palatinate (26 December 1618 – 11 February 1680), also known as Elisabeth of Bohemia, was the eldest daughter of Frederick V, Elector Palatine, who was briefly King of Bohemia, and Elizabeth Stuart. Elisabeth ruled the Herford Abbey as Princess-Abbess and is well known for having established a philosophical correspondence with René Descartes that lasted for seven years until his death in 1650.
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https://flic.kr/p/boAMfN | PRINCESS ELIZABETH VON DER PFALZ ABBESS OF HERFORD | "LA GRÈCQUE"
8. 1636 Elisabeth of the Palatinate
Princess Elisabeth of the Palatinate (1618-1680), reputedly the most lovely of the princesses, she eschewed marriage in favour of more intellectual pursuits and counted René Descartes amongst her philosophical pen pals.
Ashdown House, Princesses Palatin, Studios, Vans Honthorst, Gerard Vans, Princess Elizabeth, Eldest Daughters, Princesses Elizabeth, Gerrit Vans
Princess Elizabeth (1618–1680), Princess Royal and Princess Palatine, Abbess of Hervorden (Herford) (c.1650). Gerrit van Honthorst (Dutch, 1592-1656). Oil on panel. National Trust, Ashdown House. Elizabeth, Princess Palatine, eldest daughter of Elizabeth of Bohemia was nicknamed ‘La Grecque’ by her siblings for her intellectual interests, and she was a friend of the philosopher Descartes.
Elizabeth, Princess Palatine, eldest daughter of Elizabeth of Bohemia, by studio of Gerard van Honthorst (Ashdown House - Ashbury, Oxfordshire UK)
Prince Rupert of the Rhine, grandson of James I, great-grandson of Mary, Queen of Scots, Studio of Sir Peter Lely, painting,circa 1670
1670 Sir, Portraits Galleries, Peter O'Toole, Prince Rupert, 17Th Century, Painting Circa 1670, Sir Peter, Royals Portraits, Peter Delights
Prince Rupert, Count Palatine, ca. 1670 (Sir Peter Lely) (1618-1680) National Portrait Gallery, London NPG 608
Princess Louisa of Stolberg, 1753 - 1824. Wife of Prince Charles Edward Stuart, the fecklessYoung Pretender. They had no children. She was a long-suffering woman.
Stolberg 1753, Scotland, Married Princesses, 1772 Princesses, Princesses Louisa, Prince Charles, Charles Edward, Edward Stuart, National Galleries
miss-milktea: Princess Louisa of Stolberg, 1753 - 1824. Wife of Prince Charles Edward StuartIn the spring of 1772 Prince Charles Edward Stuart married Princess Louisa of Stolberg-Gedern. The couple settled in Florence where they were known as the Count and Countess of Albany. Louisa found herself bound to an embittered older man who was increasingly debilitated by alcoholism and illness. Her solution was to amuse herself by flirting with handsome young men, culminating in her long-term liaison with the poet, Count Alfieri. She left Charles after a violent incident in 1780 and they separated formally in 1784.
ca. 1772 Princess Louisa of Stolberg (1753 - 1824) Wife of Prince Charles Edward Stuart by ? (National Galleries of Scotland - Edinburgh UK)...
1936 Penny reverse showing Britannia, modeled on the appearance of the lovely Francis Stuart, Duchess of Richmond, a beauty of the court of Charles II.
Coins Seals, 1936 Pennies, Historical Photo, Olives Cromwell, Paper Money, Francis Stuart, Pennies Reverse, Charles Ii, Pennies Revere
Frances, Duchess of Richmond, born a Stuart relative, and married to one, was the model for the figure of Britannia found on British coins. Her latest appearance was on the 50 pence piece in 2006. Much admired by, but apparently the lover of, Charles II.
Peter O'Toole, Duchess, France Teresa, Richmond, 17Th Century, Sir Peter, France Stuart, Charles Ii, Peter Delights
Frances Theresa Stewart, the Duchess of Richmond, displays ample cleavage in this plunging gold dress, 17th century.
"Frances Stuart, Duchess of Richmond" by Sir Peter Lely (pre-1662) in the Royal Collection, UK - From the curators' comments: "Frances Teresa Stuart was a Maid of Honour and later Lady of the Bedchamber to Catherine of Braganza, and was considered one of the greatest beauties at the Restoration court. Charles II was passionately devoted to her, pursuing her relentlessly without success - he was infuriated by her clandestine marriage in 1667 to Charles Stuart, 3rd Duke of Richmond."
Frances Stuart, Duchess of Richmond, court beauty and favourite of Charles II, is shown in Samuel Cooper's miniature wearing female riding attire consisting of a scarlet riding habit embroidered in gold and silver worn over a lilac undervest.
Miniatures Paintings, Richmond 1647 1702, Duchess, France Teresa, Lilacs Undervest, Riding Habit, Miniatures Portraits, Cooper Miniatures, Teresa Stuart
Frances Teresa Stuart, Duchess of Richmond (1647-1702) ~ in Riding Habit
The memorial of Lord Darnley. The Earl (Matthew Stewart) and the Countess (nee Margaret Douglas, daughter of Margaret Tudor) of Lennox kneel with their younger son Charles and their grandson James of Scotland, demanding vengeance for Lord Darnley's death in front of his tomb, by Livinus De Vogelaare Tudor Place
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The memorial of Lord Darnley. The Earl (Matthew Stewart) and the Countess (nee Margaret Douglas, daughter of Margaret Tudor) of Lennox kneel with their younger son, Charles, and their grandson, James of Scotland, demanding vengeance for Lord Darnley's murder in front of his tomb. By Livinus De Vogelaare. IMAGE: Tudor Place
Matthew Stewart, 4th Earl of Lennox (of the second creation) and his wife Lady Margaret Douglas, their son Charles 5.(1.)Earl of Lennox(3.rd creatio) and little grandson James I/VI of Scotland mourn praying for vengeance for Darnley's murder Henry Stewart Lord Darnley 1.Duke of Albany-Earl of Ross(*1545+1567 assassined ).circa 1567
Mary of Modena 5 October 1658 – 7 May 1718) was Queen consort of England, Scotland and Ireland as the second wife of King James II and VII. A devout Catholic, Mary became, in 1673, the second wife of James, Duke of York, who later succeeded his older brother Charles II as King James II.
David Philip, Queen Consort, Purple Dress, 1690S Mary, Devout Catholic, Brother Charles, Antonio David, Older Brother, Philip Moulding
1690s Mary of Modena by Antonio David (Philip Mould) | Grand Ladies | gogm
Mary of Modena Queen Consort of James II by Antonio David, 1690�s England Purple Dress #2dayslook #PurpleDress #sasssjane #jamesfaith712 www.2dayslook.com
Lady Anne Hyde, Duchess of York, wife of James II, mother of Queens Mary II & Anne (succumbed to breast cancer)
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Another portrait of Nell Gwyn, slightly less revealing. This one does show her wearing pearl earrings, a gift from her lover King Charles II. Nan Lilly's pearl earrings become an important gift from March to Charlotte. Portrait of Nell Gwyn by Sir Peter Lely, c 1670
Lady Anne Hyde, Duchess of York, wife of James II, mother of Queens Mary II Anne (succumbed to breast cancer)
Probable portrait of Nell Gwynne 1650-87 mistress of King Charles II 1630-85
James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick, 1st Duke of Fitz-James, 1st Duke of Liria and Jérica; illegitimate son of King James II and Arabella Churchill.