During the Chalcolithic period people begin to develop the process of metal, namely copper. In Antiquity, Cyprus possessed a large amount of copper. It is said that copper took its name from the name of the island. Sometime in the mid-3rd millennium BC, Cyprus enters the Bronze Age. During the Early and Middle Bronze Age the people of the island live in robust villages situated in some distance from the coast and they use copper in order to manufacture tools for personal use.