James Buchanan - President of the United States He served as Secretary of State under James K. Polk and Minister to Great Britain under Franklin Pierce. Buchanan is criticized for not dealing more forthrightly with the buildup to the Civil War.
"Claims of policy assert that specific policies should be instituted as solutions to problems" Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points speech is a prime example of multiple claims of policy. He advocated many solutions to problems plagued by the United States.
Andrew Carnegie was the founder of US Steel and one of the wealthiest men who ever lived. His true fame was his call on the rich to use their wealth to improve society, and stimulated wave after wave of philanthropy.
Florence Kelley, one of the early advocates for child labor reform. In the 1890s, she became one of the first factory inspectors in Illinois. "Florence Kelley." Center for Spatially Integrated Social Science. http://www.csiss.org/classics/content/35
Ida Tarbell is considered the first female investigative journalist. Credited with the downfall of the most powerful man in America at the time, John D. Rockefeller, and the break up of his Standard Oil monopoly by exposing ruthless company practices.
June Railroad union leader Eugene Debs speaks in Canton, Ohio, on the relationship between capitalism and war. Ten days later he will be arrested under the Espionage Act and eventually sentenced to 10 years in jail.
Mary Harris "Mother" Jones (August 1837 – November was a prominent American labor and community organizer, who helped coordinate major strikes and co-founded the Industrial Workers of the World. (Yes, the magazine is named after her)