Mirror-Bearer Date: 6th century Geography: Guatemala or Mexico, Mesoamerica Culture: Maya Medium: Wood, red hematite Dimensions: H. 14 1/8 x W. 9 x D. 9 in. (35.9 x 22.9 x 22.9 cm) Classification: Wood-Sculpture Credit Line: The Michael C. Rockefeller Memorial Collection, Bequest of Nelson A. Rockefeller, 1979
“La Adelita” came to be an archetype of a woman warrior in Mexico during the Mexican Revolution. An Adelita was a soldadera, or woman soldier, who not only cooked and cared for the wounded but also actually fought in battles against Mexican government forces. In time the word adelita was used for all the soldaderas, who became a vital force in the revolutionary war efforts. The term La Adelita has since come to signify a woman of strength and courage.
Emiliano Zapata Salazar (San Miguel Anenecuilco, Morelos, August 8, 1879 - Chinameca, Morelos, April 10, 1919) was one of the greatest military leaders during the Mexican Revolution and a symbol of peasant resistance in Mexico. As part of the revolutionary movement, he commanded the Southern Liberation Army.