Kiowa Chief, Tomeatho [Trailing the Enemy, Eonah-pah] and Squaw, [Probably the Oldest Daughter of Satanta]; William Stinson Soule (American, 1836 - 1908); 1869 - 1874; Albumen silver print; 14.8 x 10.2 cm (5 13/16 x 4 in.); 84.XM.192.15
From the 1880s through the 1920s, the federal government established schools designed to make American Indians live like Anglo Americans. The schools worked to replace traditional Indian ways with those sanctioned by the government. Federal Indian policy during this period called for the removal of children from their families and in many cases, enrollment in government-run boarding schools. Policymakers assumed keeping Indians away from their culture and traditions would make them change.