Batá drums are double-headed hourglass shaped with one cone larger than the other. This instrument is used primarily for religious or semi-religious purposes. Their native culture is Yoruba of Nigeria. Worshippers of Santería in Cuba, Puerto Rico, and in the United States also play the Batá. Its early function was as a drum of different gods, drum of royalty, drum of ancestors and drum of politicians.
Sarangi. Date: ca. 1900 Geography: India Medium: Wood, ivory, parchment, metal. A beautiful full sound and a close proximity to the melodic flexibility of the human voice make the sarangi the most important bowed instrument of classical Hindustani music of northern India and Pakistan.