After spinning, the thread is dyed. While synthetically dyed threads are common today, natural dyes were commonly used until the mid-1900s. This is cochineal, a bug found on the nopal cactus. Crushed, it creates a red pigment.
A simple brocade nim pot, or ceremonial blouse, and tzut, or shawl, from the 1950s. This tzut design is quite typical in Santiago, although its losing its favor among the younger generation as they search for new and interesting patterns to wear.
This complex brocade huipil, or blouse, from the 1990s combines complex weaving with embroidery around the neckline. Note the introduction of synthetically-dyed threads in every color, metallic threads, and non-cotton materials like velvet. Like all clothing styles, Maya traje changes over time as fashions shift and new technologies are developed.
Knit with Fingers – Make A Scarf Without Knitting Needles - BigDIYIdeas.com