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    “Stagecoach” Mary Fields (c. 1832-1914) was born a slave in Tennessee and following the Civil War, she moved to the pioneer community of Cascade, Montana. In 1895, when she was around 60 years old, Fields became the second woman and first African American carrier for the US Postal Service. Despite her age, she never missed a day of work in the ten years she carried the mail and earned the nickname “Stagecoach” for her reliability. Fields loved the job, despite the many...

    26-year-old Associated Press photographer Jack Thornell famously captured this Pulitzer Prize-winning image of James Meredith, the first African American to attend the University of Mississippi, after he was wounded by a sniper while leading a march to encourage African Americans to vote. When the attack happened, Thornell was sitting in his car; he took two rolls of pictures of Meredith, but never put down his camera to offer his wounded subject help.

    Nancy Green a.k.a. the original "Aunt Jemima".  Miss Green was born a slave in Montgomery County, Kentucky and became the "face" and "voice" of "Aunt Jemima" in 1890. - Center for African American Studies

    Black people did not "come to this country seeking a better life." They were kidnapped from their homes in Africa, dragged in chains and loaded onto slave ships--treated not like human beings but like things, commodities to be traded and used to enrich others. Tens of millions of enslaved Africans died before even reaching America, so terrible were the conditions on the slave ships. Those who survived the trip and were then sold to plantation owners.

    Sarah and Angeline Grimke were born in Charleston to a slaveholding family. Unable to stomach living in the slaveholding South the sisters moved North where they became ardent abolitionists and also crusaded for women's rights.

    Mary Fields was a black gun-totin' female in the American Wild West who was six feet tall, heavy, tough, short-tempered, and she carried a pair of six-shooters and an eight or ten-gauge shotgun. In 1895, she found a job that suited her, as a U.S. mail coach driver for the Cascade County region of central Montana. She and her mule, Moses, never missed a day, and it was in this aptitude that she became a legend in her own time known as Stagecoach Mary for her unfailing reliability

    Madame Walker: Born Sarah Breedlove on December 23,1867 on a LA plantation,a daughter of former slaves (who was orphaned at age seven and worked in the cotton fields as a child) transformed herself from farm laborer and laundress into one of he 20th century's most successful, self-made entrepreneurs.Walker made most of her fortune between 1911 and 1917 making Madam C.J. Walker the 1st Afri. Amer. woman to become a millionaire. She lived in a mansion near the Rockefellers. Biddy Craft

    Clara Barton. Like me, she was only 5 feet tall and had a birthday in December! She forced her way onto Civil War battlefields to nurse wounded soldiers (Army brass didn't want a woman on their sacred ground--even if she brought desperately needed food, medicine, and supplies). She went on to found the American Red Cross, and served as its president for 25 years.

    The most untalked about, unappreciated, unknown giant in the African American community - [b. 1910 - d. 1985] Vivien Thomas

    Between the years of 1882 and 1968 4,743 people were lynched on American soil-3,446 of them where African American.The women above is Laura Nelson who was hung on a bridge over the North Canadian River along side her 15 yr old son, Lawrence Nelson. The pictures of the lynchings where later sold as postcards. could someone do this to another human being? And then to make them into postcards. Absolutely sickening!

    The Melungeons (1600s- ) are a mixed-race people in America who live in the Appalachian mountains where Tennessee meets Virginia meets Kentucky. There are about 50,000 of them. They look mainly white nowadays but in the 1690s French traders said they looked like Moors (the Berbers of north-west Africa). They looked neither white nor black nor American Indian.

    Violence in the United States against African Americans, especially in the South, rose in the aftermath of the Civil War, after slavery had been abolished and recently freed black men were given the right to vote. Nearly 3,500 African Americans (that were reported) were lynched in the United States between 1882 and 1968, mostly from 1882 to 1920.

    Ralph C. Lincoln, 11th generation Lincoln, 3rd cousin of Abraham

    A rare image of Annie Oakley. Why rare? . . . In this beautiful photograph of Annie she's is not holding a gun! Annie had a border collie!

    Shirley Anita Chisholm - First African American woman in Congress and the first African American woman to run for President.

    Mary McLeod Bethune (7/10/1875 - 5/18/1955) founded what would become Bethune-Cookman University in 1904, financing it by selling sweet potato pies and soliciting donations from wealthy businessmen vacationing in Daytona Beach. She was one of the most influential African Americans of the early 20th century, serving as an advisor to presidents from Coolidge to Truman and a consultant to the Women's Army Corps (WAC) and founding of the UN.

    Though she was born to a prominent family, Kate would grow up to be just one of the many "soiled doves" of the American West, as well claiming a small slice of fame as Doc Holliday's on and off girlfriend. Born Mary Katherine Haroney in Hungary on November 7, 1850

    Elizabeth Freeman, or Mum Bett as she was also known, was one of the first enslaved African Americans in the state of Massachusetts to file a “freedom suit,” or a legal petition for freedom. Her 1781 county court case, Brom and Bett v. Ashley, was a direct challenge to the existence of slavery in Massachusetts and her victory set the precedent for a later Massachusetts Supreme Court’s ruling that marked the informal ending of slavery in the state.

    Mother and nine children living in a field on U.S. Route 70 near the Tennessee River during the Depression - 1936. Photo by Carl Mydans for the Farm Security Administration