Mars was one of the more important gods of the Roman pantheon. Numerous temples, shrines, and altars were dedicated to him in Rome and throughout the Empire. As the god of war, he had many of the same attributes as the Greek god Ares, but he was also closely associated with the imperial cult, since the emperors power and popularity depended heavily on the army and its military successes.
Jupiter. King of gods. God of sky and thunder. Rules over laws and social order. Father of the god Mars. Grandfather of Romulus and Remus, the founders of Rome. Equivalent of Zeus and Baal (weather and war god). Statue at Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg, Russia.