"Phoenix". A fabulous bird that periodically regenerated itself, used in literature as a symbol of death & resurrection. According to legend, the phoenix lived in Arabia. When it reached the end of its life (500 years), it burned itself on a pyre of flames, & from the ashes a new phoenix arose. As a sacred symbol in Egyptian religion, the phoenix represented the sun, which dies each night & rises again each morning. According to Herodotus the bird was red & golden and resembled an eagle.
Phoenix Giclee Print by Stanley Morrison at AllPosters.com
British Library, Harley 4867, detail of f. 74v (“Miniature of Adriane, asleep in bed on an island [presumably Naxos], surrounded by a lion, a wolf, a griffin and a dragon, with an illuminated initial ‘J’(ay plus trouvé de clemence et pitié).”) Ovid, Heroides. France (Paris?), after 1493.