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The Vače situla is a bronze pail, 23.8 cm high, which was uncovered in an Iron Age burial mound at Vače in 1882 by a local inhabitant, and was later included in the collections of the National Museum of Slovenia in Ljubljana. Such pails were popular metal vessels in the early Iron Age, and were also excellent media for art and narrative

HALLSTATT CULTURE SCULPTURE 6TH BC Human figure on wheel, with lifted arms. Bronze support of a mobile bed, from the tomb of a prince at Hochdorf, Germany Height 30 cm Wuerttembergisches Landesmuseum, Stuttgart, Germany

During the Early Bronze Age in Central Anatolia (Turkey) 3000–2000 BCE, a number of nonliterate, discrete cultures existed; one created this spectacular pair of long-horned bulls, cast separately of arsenical copper, held together by extensions of their front and back legs, bent around the plinth. Proximity to natural copper deposits is one key to their existence. Their skill is unprecedented, as they had little contact with urban Mesopotamia.

Etruscan engraved bronze cistra or container woman’s toiletry articles and engraved it with the Etruscan myth of thr search for the Golden Fleece. C.500BC Etruscan museum of Villa Giulia, Rome

Sword Hilt Gold and iron; chased. 14.9; 5.5 cm Scythian culture. 5th century BC Chertomlyk Barrow, Dnieper Area, near Nikopol Russia (now Ukraine) Source of Entry: Imperial Archaeological Commission, St Petersburg. 1864