Roof of Hypostyle hall Dendera Temple, Egypt. Dendera Temple complex is one of the best-preserved temple complexes in Egypt. Dendera was a site for chapels or shrines from the beginning of ancient Egypt. Pharaoh Pepi I (ca. 2250 BC) built on this site & evidence exists of a temple in the 18th dynasty (ca 1500 BC). But the earliest extant building in the compound today is the Mammisi raised by Nectanebo II, last of the native pharaohs (360–343 BC).
About 760 BC, the Nubians of the Kush Empire invaded and conquered Egypt beginning the period of the Black Pharaohs. They made Meroë (pronounced mayor-way) their capitol. They built Jebel Barkel (or Napata) as a sign that Egypt belongs to Nubia. And for their Kings and Queens, who ruled equally, they built these distinctly Nubian pyramids. Their kingdom would last longer than the Egyptians and would end with their defeat by another African empire, the Kingdom of Axum in 656 BC.
Statue of Ramesses III as a Standard-Bearer of Amun-Re. Material: Gray Granite / Usimare Ramesses III (also written Ramses and Rameses) was the second Pharaoh of the Twentieth Dynasty and is considered to be the last great New Kingdom king to wield any substantial authority over Egypt. Ramesses III was the son of Setnakhte and Queen Tiy-Merenese. He was probably murdered by an assassin in a conspiracy led by one of his secondary wives and her minor son.
Louvre Museum - Great Sphinx of Tanis by *Checco*, via Flickr The sphinx is a fabulous creature with the body of a lion and the head of a king. This one was successively inscribed with the names of the pharaohs Ammenemes II (12th Dynasty, 1929-1895 BC), Merneptah (19th Dynasty, 1212-02 BC) and Shoshenq I (22nd Dynasty, 945-24 BC). According to archaeologists, certain details suggest that this sphinx dates to an earlier period - the Old Kingdom (c. 2600 BC).