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The fall of Egypt in pictures. Left, the white Egyptian Pharaoh Tuthmosis III, circa 1450 BC. Center, the black Nubian Pharaoh Shabako, circa 710 BC., and right, the last Nubian pharaoh Taharka, who ruled Egypt from 690 to 664 BC. He was the son of Piye, the Nubian king who had conquered Egypt in 760 BC. The last white Egyptians had vanished prior to 800 BC, physically integrated into the mass of Nubian and Semitic peoples who had come to dominate that land.

About 760 BC, the Nubians of the Kush Empire invaded and conquered Egypt beginning the period of the Black Pharaohs. They made Meroë (pronounced mayor-way) their capitol. They built Jebel Barkel (or Napata) as a sign that Egypt belongs to Nubia. And for their Kings and Queens, who ruled equally, they built these distinctly Nubian pyramids. Their kingdom would last longer than the Egyptians and would end with their defeat by another African empire, the Kingdom of Axum in 656 BC.

Ramsés III - was the second pharaoh of the twentieth Egyptian dynasty, and is considered the last great pharaoh of the New Kingdom to exercise great authority over Egypt. He was the son of Pharaoh Setnakht with Queen Tiy-merenese. The reign of Ramses III lasted from approximately 1194 - 1163 BC, 31 years.

Basalt Sarcophagus of Horkhebit, Egyptian, Late Period, Dynasty 26, c. 590 BC

Perfume Vase Egypt, New Kingdom, late Dynasty 18, ca. 1350-1309 BC Blue and black petals are arranged like a collar around the neck of this white faience vase

Detail of women Nubians being received by Huy and his brother Amenhotep, women with children on back and holding hands of small boys, Black Pharaohs, Nubians, Egypt, Luxor, Tomb of Huy, Viceroy of Kush under Tutankhamun, Offerings from Nubia by Nubians, New Kingdom

Kushite Pharaoh, Late Period, Dynasty 25, ca. 713–664 b.c. Egyptian Bronze with gilding

Shabti of Yuya, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18. Reign of Amenhotep III, 1390–1352 BC. Upper Egypt; Thebes, Valley of the Kings, Tomb of Yuya and Tjuyu (KV 46), Davis/Quibell & Weigall 1905 Medium: Cedar, gold, paint