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      Ras Mekonnen would've easily found himself higher up the influence list had he not died too early. Emperor Menelik strongly favored him for the succession but he died even before Menelik. He was born into a well connected family. His father was a Shewa Oromo aristocrat with a rank of Dejazmach who changed his name to Wolde-Mikael after he was baptized. ...more--->

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    USA , c 1940s

    Guadeloupean woman at Ellis Island, 1911, by Augustus Sherman Not all black people came here on a slave ship

    U.S. Rosa Parks attending a freedom rights march in Washington D.C in 1963

    U.S. March on Washington, 1963

    U.S. Martin Luther King by Ernst Haas, 1963.

    Henry "Black Death" Johnson. "By the time reinforcements arrived, Johnson had passed out from his wounds. By daylight, the carnage was evident: Johnson had killed four Germans and wounded an estimated 10 to 20 more in a savage hand to hand combat while suffering 21 wounds himself in the fight. Henry Johnson had prevented the Germans from breaking through the French line. He was the first American private to receive the Croix du Guerre, France’s highest military honor for extraordinary valor.

    'People's Free Food Program'.

    Henry Johnson: Johnson and Needham Roberts were the 1st Americans to be awarded the French Croix de Guerre, France's highest military award for their World War I Heroism. Johnson & Roberts were manning a 2 man outpost when German patrol, estimated at more than 20 men, attacked with grenades. Wounded, both Americans emptied their weapons and Roberts, who was wounded in his hip or knee and unable to stand, tossed grenades to Johnson who hurled them at the enemy patrol to repel the attack.

    (August 14, 1883 – October 27, 1941) was a pioneering African American biologist, academic and science writer. Just's primary legacy is his recognition of the fundamental role of the cell surface in the development of organisms.

    Maggie L. Walker, FEARLESS civil rights activist and entrepreneur. The beloved African-American community leader devoted her life to defeating racism, sexism, and economic oppression. Mrs. Walker chartered a bank, a newspaper, and a store 17 years before American women had the right to vote, and fostered black entrepreneurialism when Jim Crow laws threatened African American progress. Born in Richmond, VA, she was the first woman in the U.S. to found a bank and serve as its president.

    Collin Powell is the first African American to become Secretary of State.

    Bazoline Estelle Usher headed up the first African-American Girl Scout Troop in America.

    "John William Coltrane (September 23, 1926 – July 17, 1967 ) was a jazz saxophonist and composer.He helped pioneer the use of modes in jazz and later was at the forefront of free jazz. He organized at least fifty recording sessions as a leader during his recording career, and appeared as a sideman on many other albums, notably with trumpeter Miles Davis and pianist Thelonious Monk. As his career progressed, Coltrane and his music took on an increasingly spiritual dimension." #TodayInBlackHistory

    G.W. Carver was evidently uninterested in the role his image played in the racial politics of the time. His great desire in later life was simply to serve humanity; and his work, which began for the sake of the poorest of the black sharecroppers, paved the way for a better life for the entire South.

    Annette Gordon-Reed (b.1958) is an American historian and law professor noted for changing scholarship on Thomas Jefferson regarding his relationship with Sally Hemings and children by her. She was educated at Dartmouth College and Harvard Law School. She is Professor of Law and History at Harvard, and also at Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study. She she became the 1st African American to be awarded the Pulitzer Prize for History for her work on the Hemings family of Monticello.

    The police report on Rosa Parks in Montgomery, Alabama 1955

    On this day, 56 years ago (1955), in Brookhaven, Miss., Lamar Smith was shot dead on the courthouse lawn by a white man in broad daylight while dozens of people watched. The killer was never indicted because no one would admit they saw a white man shoot a black man. Smith had organized blacks to vote in a recent election.

    Alice Augusta Ball was an African American scientist that would be responsible for creating an injectable treatment for Leprosy. Learn about her story here:

    Jane C. Wright - African-American pioneer in chemotherapy and anti-cancer chemical research. Appointed head of the Cancer Research Foundation at a mere 33 years old, associate professor at NYU, associatee dean at New York Medical College, and first female president of the New York Cancer Society by the end of her career in the 1980s.

    In Union County, NJ, many soldiers of African ancestry answered President Lincoln’s call for troops during the Civil War and enlisted in regiments. They fought not only for country but also for their comrades in chains in the South and for the promise of equality that they had for so long been denied. Through their stories, never-before-seen photos and service records, local historian Ethel M. Washington tells a largely overlooked but riveting history of patriotic black servicemen.

    Lt. Col. Alexander Augusta, born March 8, 1825, was the first Black Army surgeon and one of the original professors at Howard University. #TodayInBlackHistory

    In 1931 Sue Eakin, a white girl in Louisiana, saw a dusty, old book called "Twelve Years a Slave." She found a copy for herself a bit later - and spent 70 years rescuing it from obscurity and doggedly proving it was factual. "Her passion was history, getting the history out.” In 1968 she got it back into print. In 2007, at 88, she published an edition with maps and pictures. She wrote in the acknowledgments, “Now Solomon and I can rest.” Two years later, she died. A great story at the click.

    Kelly Miller (7/23/1863 - 12/19/1939) was the first African American student at Johns Hopkins University, and later earned MA and LLB degrees at Howard University where he taught mathematics and became Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences. He was a founder of the American Negro Academy and active in the crusade against lynching. His weekly column was published in over 100 newspapers including The New York Times and The Washington Post.

    Martin Luther King, Jr. I would have died to have been given the chance to see this man in person.

    Martin Luther King - "Whose Dream? The Truth about Martin Luther King"