Florence Bascom (1862–1945) was the first woman to earn a Ph.D. from Johns Hopkins University and was also the first woman elected to the Geological Society of America. | 34 American Lady Scientists Who Changed The World
MARIE MARVINGT. was a French athlete, mountaineer, aviator and journalist. Won prizes for swimming, cycling, mountain climbing, winter sports, ballooning, flying, riding, gymnastics, athletics, rifle shooting and fencing. The first woman to climb many of the peaks in the French and Swiss Alps. A record-breaking balloonist, a pioneering aviator and during World War I became the first woman to fly combat missions as a bomber pilot. She was also a qualified surgical nurse,
Elizabeth Blackwell, b. 1821, was the first (known) female medical doctor. (An individual known to the world as James Miranda Barry became a doctor in Edinburgh in 1812, but upon his death was discovered to be a woman).
Rita Levi-Montalcini (22 April 1909 - 30 December 2012) was an Italian neurologist who, together with colleague Stanley Cohen, received the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their discovery of nerve growth factor (NGF).
Clara "Mother" Hale, who at age 67 became founder of Hale House, a home for unwanted children, and children born addicted to drugs. By 1991, a reported 1,000+ children had been cared for by Hale House. At the time of her death in 1992 at the age of 87, Mother Hale had received over 372 awards, President Reagan had referred to her as an “American Hero” in his State of the Union address, and she was named an honorary member of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority.
Josephine Cochrane 1839-1913. When it came time to do the dishes, she really didn’t want to, so she invented a Dishwasher. Her creation had wire compartments for plates, cups and saucers. They were put inside a wheel that lay flat inside a copper boiler. A motor turned the wheel pumping hot soapy water from the bottom of the boiler over the dishes. received her first patent on the Garis-Cochran Dish-Washing Machine December 28, 1886. Her company is now called Whirlpool.