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The Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes are headquartered in Concho, Oklahoma. Of 12,185 enrolled tribal members, 8,664 live within the state of Oklahoma.

An Osage native American man. The United States government started to take away land from the Osage Indians in 1808. A reservation was formed for the Osage Indians in Southern Kansas in 1825. As with many other tribes they were relocated to Oklahoma. Many Osage Indians still live in Oklahoma around the Pawhuska area.

Studio portrait from Addison studio, Fort Sill, Oklahoma Territory - child posed in front of painted landscape, in tribal clothing with braids and bow and arrow. Are those the child's clothing, or a studio costume? My eye is not good enough to be sure. From Aaron Benneian, a dealer in photos, check the site

Florence Tsianina Evans (aka Tsianina Redfeather, aka Tsianina Blackstone) - Creek/Cherokee - circa 1925 {Note: Born in 1882 in Oklahoma Territory, and listed as Florence Evans on the Creek Rolls, though most family and friends new her by her Creek name, Tsianina. She had a long career as a professional singer and entertainer.}

The Cheyenne tribe of Native American Indians were amongst what is now the most well known of plains Indian tribes. Often allying with the Sioux and Arapaho, the Cheyenne tribe originally lived in stationary villages in the eastern parts of the country and occupied much of what is now Minnesota until they migrated to the high plains in the early 1800s.

Tobacco Bag Date: ca. 1890 Geography: United States, Oklahoma Culture: Southern Arapaho Medium: Native-tanned leather, glass and metal beads, pigment

The Lenape ( /ˈlɛnəpiː/ or /ləˈnɑːpi/) are Native American people in Canada and the United States. They are also called Delaware Indians.[4] As a result of the American Revolutionary War and later Indian removals from the eastern United States, the main groups now live in Ontario (Canada), Oklahoma, and Wisconsin

Arapaho pipe bag ca. 1885 Wyoming or Oklahoma Deer hide, pigment, glass beads, feathers, brass bells

People who don't read history books are unaware that a huge number of "cowboys" driving herds to the railheads in Kansas were Indians. And many don't know that some of "Indians" who raided the drives for beef in the the "nations" were runaway slaves and ex-slaves adopted into the tribes in the Oklahoma territory. Western movies don't tell you that.

BuzzFeed Communityfrom BuzzFeed Community

Community Post: Historic Photographs Of "White" Slaves

Wilson, Charley, Rebecca & Rosa. "In 1863 and 1864, eight former slaves toured the northern states to raise money for impoverished African-American schools in New Orleans; four children with mixed-race ancestry and pale complexions were deliberately included to evoke sympathy from white northerners. Photographs of Charles Taylor, Rebecca Huger, Rosina Downs, and Augusta Broujey were mass-produced and sold as part of the campaign." Chas Paxon c. 1864.

Diana Fletcher of the Kiowa tribe sits protected within the University of Oklahoma's Western History Collection Library. The photograph preserving her image shows signs of age—curled and frayed edges, dappled discoloration—but her face is strongly in focus and as bold as the day it was printed.

The Cedarville Rancheria is located on 26 acres in Cedarville, California. Many families reside on the rancheria. One or two families live off the rancheria, but in the area. The remaining members live in the western states.