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The Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes are headquartered in Concho, Oklahoma. Of 12,185 enrolled tribal members, 8,664 live within the state of Oklahoma.


Studio portrait from Addison studio, Fort Sill, Oklahoma Territory - child posed in front of painted landscape, in tribal clothing with braids and bow and arrow. Are those the child's clothing, or a studio costume? My eye is not good enough to be sure. From Aaron Benneian, a dealer in photos, check the site


An Osage native American man. The United States government started to take away land from the Osage Indians in 1808. A reservation was formed for the Osage Indians in Southern Kansas in 1825. As with many other tribes they were relocated to Oklahoma. Many Osage Indians still live in Oklahoma around the Pawhuska area.


The Cheyenne tribe of Native American Indians were amongst what is now the most well known of plains Indian tribes. Often allying with the Sioux and Arapaho, the Cheyenne tribe originally lived in stationary villages in the eastern parts of the country and occupied much of what is now Minnesota until they migrated to the high plains in the early 1800s.


Florence Tsianina Evans (aka Tsianina Redfeather, aka Tsianina Blackstone) - Creek/Cherokee - circa 1925 {Note: Born in 1882 in Oklahoma Territory, and listed as Florence Evans on the Creek Rolls, though most family and friends new her by her Creek name, Tsianina. She had a long career as a professional singer and entertainer.}


Tobacco Bag Date: ca. 1890 Geography: United States, Oklahoma Culture: Southern Arapaho Medium: Native-tanned leather, glass and metal beads, pigment


“Wolf Robe (c.1838-1910) was a Southern Cheyenne chief and a holder of the Benjamin Harrison Peace Medal. During the late 1870s he was forced to leave the open plains and relocate his tribe on to the Cheyenne and Arapaho Indian Reservation in Indian Territory.  He was awarded the Benjamin Harrison Peace Medal in 1890 for his assistance in the Cherokee Commission.”


The Lenape ( /ˈlɛnəpiː/ or /ləˈnɑːpi/) are Native American people in Canada and the United States. They are also called Delaware Indians.[4] As a result of the American Revolutionary War and later Indian removals from the eastern United States, the main groups now live in Ontario (Canada), Oklahoma, and Wisconsin


Arapaho pipe bag ca. 1885 Wyoming or Oklahoma Deer hide, pigment, glass beads, feathers, brass bells


People who don't read history books are unaware that a huge number of "cowboys" driving herds to the railheads in Kansas were Indians. And many don't know that some of "Indians" who raided the drives for beef in the the "nations" were runaway slaves and ex-slaves adopted into the tribes in the Oklahoma territory. Western movies don't tell you that.


Jill Cresey-Gross’s Abenaki ancestors lived in the present day states of Vermont, New Hampshire, Maine and north central Massachusetts. Today, there is a resurgence of Abenaki culture and pride throughout New England.

BuzzFeed Communityfrom BuzzFeed Community

Community Post: Historic Photographs Of "White" Slaves

Wilson, Charley, Rebecca & Rosa. "In 1863 and 1864, eight former slaves toured the northern states to raise money for impoverished African-American schools in New Orleans; four children with mixed-race ancestry and pale complexions were deliberately included to evoke sympathy from white northerners. Photographs of Charles Taylor, Rebecca Huger, Rosina Downs, and Augusta Broujey were mass-produced and sold as part of the campaign." Chas Paxon c. 1864.