The tomte or nisse was believed to take care of a farmer's home and children and protect them from misfortune, in particular at night, when the housefolk were asleep. Carta Marina 1539, Scandinavian Folk, Folk Art, Tomte Jpg, Tomte Nisse, Nordic Folklore, Klein Volky, Het Klein
Krampus is a mythical creature recognized in Alpine countries. According to legend, Krampus accompanies Saint Nicholas during the Christmas season, warning and punishing bad children, in contrast to St. Nicholas, who gives gifts to good children. When the Krampus finds a particularly naughty child, it stuffs the child in its sack and carries the frightened child away to its lair, presumably to devour for its Christmas dinner. So terrible, yet so awesome
The Père Fouettard (French for The whipping Father) is a character who accompanies St. Nicholas in his rounds during St. Nicholas' Day (6 December) dispensing lumps of coal and/or floggings to the naughty children while St. Nick gives gifts to the well behaved.
The Belsnickel shows up at houses 1-2 weeks before christmas, he is typically very ragged and mean looking. He wears torn, tattered and dirty clothes and he carries a switch in his hand. He is the opposite of Santa Clause, as he threatens to beat the children with his switch, for all the bad things they have done. Ultimately, the children escape unharmed but they are scared into being good so that Santa will bring them presents on Christmas.
Illustration by Lennart Helje ~ Lennart Helje is a Swedish illustrator particularly known for his wondrously moody paintings of gnomes either with animals or without, but usually with snow. He was born in Lima (I'm assuming a village or city in Sweden and not the Lima of Peru) in 1940.