"Bricktop's Paris: African American Women in Paris between the Two World Wars" by T. Denean Sharpley-Whiting (January 2015) Tells the fascinating story of African American women who traveled to France to seek freedom of expression.
After the war, many musicians, as well as dancers and entertainers, returned, settled and delighted cabarets and club audiences in Paris’ Lower Montmartre, which became known as Black Montmartre. Club owners and club-goers from all over the world couldn’t get enough of the syncopated rhythms. Numerous local musicians, on the other hand, weren’t thrilled to be pressured into learning this foreign American music.
The Curse of Caste; Or the Slave Bride: A Rediscovered African American Novel Julia C. Collins ISBN 0195301609 In 1865, The Christian Recorder, the national newspaper of the African Methodist Episcopal Church, serialized The Curse of Caste; or The Slave Bride, a novel written by Mrs. Julia C. Collins, an African American woman living in the small town of Williamsport, Pennsylvania.