2015 EL NINO TO BRING BACK-TO-BACK HOTTEST YEARS ON RECORD?  The key value for El Nino is a measurement for sea surface temperatures along a region of the Central Equatorial Pacific known as Nino 3.4. Stretching from about 160 West to 120 West Longitude, this expansive zone of ocean waters below Hawaii tends to warm with the onset of El Nino. The threshold NOAA uses to determine El Nino is a sea surface temperature anomaly for this area of +0.5 degrees C above average. And ever since…

2015 EL NINO TO BRING BACK-TO-BACK HOTTEST YEARS ON RECORD? The key value for El Nino is a measurement for sea surface temperatures along a region of the Central Equatorial Pacific known as Nino 3.4. Stretching from about 160 West to 120 West Longitude, this expansive zone of ocean waters below Hawaii tends to warm with the onset of El Nino. The threshold NOAA uses to determine El Nino is a sea surface temperature anomaly for this area of +0.5 degrees C above average. And ever since…

McMurdo Station, Ross Island -  A massive slab of floating ice that juts from Antarctica’s west coast could be in hot water soon. Warm ocean currents threaten to sneak up from below and torpedo the ice in coming decades, researchers report in the May 10 2012 Nature.  The degradation of the historically stable Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf would upset ice on land, triggering runaway melting over a vast region of the continent and accelerating global sea level rise.  “The loss of this ice shelf…

McMurdo Station, Ross Island - A massive slab of floating ice that juts from Antarctica’s west coast could be in hot water soon. Warm ocean currents threaten to sneak up from below and torpedo the ice in coming decades, researchers report in the May 10 2012 Nature. The degradation of the historically stable Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf would upset ice on land, triggering runaway melting over a vast region of the continent and accelerating global sea level rise. “The loss of this ice shelf…

Buffalo, New York - When Superstorm Nuri hit the Bering Sea, it pushed a polar vortex south, into the Great Lakes.  By the time the final tally was counted this morning, as much as 8 feet had fallen over Buffalo, New York. A record amount never before seen in so short a time span and yet so far ahead of winter.  More than seven deaths, multiple building collapses, a paralyzation of transportation, and extraordinary damages prompted the New York State governor to declare a state of emergency…

Buffalo, New York - When Superstorm Nuri hit the Bering Sea, it pushed a polar vortex south, into the Great Lakes. By the time the final tally was counted this morning, as much as 8 feet had fallen over Buffalo, New York. A record amount never before seen in so short a time span and yet so far ahead of winter. More than seven deaths, multiple building collapses, a paralyzation of transportation, and extraordinary damages prompted the New York State governor to declare a state of emergency…

University of Wisconsin - Madison in Madison, WI - SATURDAY, AUGUST 11, 2012 Huge cyclone batters Arctic sea ice.    The image below shows an unusually large and powerful cyclone that was churning over the Arctic in early August 2012. Two smaller systems merged on August 5 to form the storm, which at the time occupied much of the Beaufort-Chukchi Sea and Canadian Basin, reports NASA Earth Observatory. On average, Arctic cyclones last about 40 hours; as of August 9, 2012, this storm had…

University of Wisconsin - Madison in Madison, WI - SATURDAY, AUGUST 11, 2012 Huge cyclone batters Arctic sea ice. The image below shows an unusually large and powerful cyclone that was churning over the Arctic in early August 2012. Two smaller systems merged on August 5 to form the storm, which at the time occupied much of the Beaufort-Chukchi Sea and Canadian Basin, reports NASA Earth Observatory. On average, Arctic cyclones last about 40 hours; as of August 9, 2012, this storm had…

The Bering Land Bridge: Peopling America, and Climate Change: Frozen Spring in…

The Bering Land Bridge: Peopling America, and Climate Change

The Bering Land Bridge: Peopling America, and Climate Change: Frozen Spring in…

UNDERLYING OCEAN MELTS ICE SHELF, SPEEDS UP GLACIER MOVEMENT.    Warm ocean water, not warm air, is melting the Pine Island Glacier's floating ice shelf in Antarctica and may be the culprit for increased melting of other ice shelves, according to an international team of researchers.  Source:  http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/09/130912143946.htm

UNDERLYING OCEAN MELTS ICE SHELF, SPEEDS UP GLACIER MOVEMENT. Warm ocean water, not warm air, is melting the Pine Island Glacier's floating ice shelf in Antarctica and may be the culprit for increased melting of other ice shelves, according to an international team of researchers. Source: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/09/130912143946.htm

WARM OCEAN WATERS TO BLAME FOR ANTARCTIC ICE MELT

WARM OCEAN WATERS TO BLAME FOR ANTARCTIC ICE MELT

Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii - The result of combined increases in the human methane emission and in the Earth System emission has been enough to continue to push global levels higher with Mauna Loa readings breaching the 1840 part per billion average by early 2014. What is even more troubling is that the Earth System methane store, composed of both permafrost methane and methane hydrate at the bottom of the world ocean system, is immense.  In total, more than 3,000 gigatons of carbon in…

Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii - The result of combined increases in the human methane emission and in the Earth System emission has been enough to continue to push global levels higher with Mauna Loa readings breaching the 1840 part per billion average by early 2014. What is even more troubling is that the Earth System methane store, composed of both permafrost methane and methane hydrate at the bottom of the world ocean system, is immense. In total, more than 3,000 gigatons of carbon in…

NASA Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, MD -  Hansen and his colleague Makiko Sato compared the climate of today, the Holocene, with previous similar interglacial epochs. By studying cores from both ice sheets and deep ocean sediments, they found that global mean temperatures during the Eemian period, which began about 130,000 years ago and lasted about 15,000 years, were less than one degree Celsius warmer than today.  If temperatures were to rise two degrees Celsius over…

NASA Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, MD - Hansen and his colleague Makiko Sato compared the climate of today, the Holocene, with previous similar interglacial epochs. By studying cores from both ice sheets and deep ocean sediments, they found that global mean temperatures during the Eemian period, which began about 130,000 years ago and lasted about 15,000 years, were less than one degree Celsius warmer than today. If temperatures were to rise two degrees Celsius over…

Fossil fuel global warming temperatures are soaring! See http://www.dailykos.com/story/2015/06/17/1393794/-Global-Temperatures-Soaring-2015-starts-off-the-top-of-the-chart-El-Nino-is-just-warming-up

Fossil fuel global warming temperatures are soaring! See http://www.dailykos.com/story/2015/06/17/1393794/-Global-Temperatures-Soaring-2015-starts-off-the-top-of-the-chart-El-Nino-is-just-warming-up

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