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Circassian Beauty In the 1860s, P.T. Barnum exhibited women whom he claimed were Circassian beauties. They wore a distinctive Afro hair style and were known as “moss haired girls.” Circassian beauties were typically presented as victims of sexual enslavement among the Turks, who had escaped from the harem to achieve freedom in America.
Saint Maurice, ca. 1522–25 This panel, which formed the left wing of an altarpiece, represents Maurice, the Roman legion commander from Thebes who was martyred in the late third century for refusing orders to slaughter the Christians of Gaul. Painted by Lucas Cranach the Elder and his workshop about 1522–25, likely among many works commissioned for the church at Halle, which was rededicated as a collegiate church in 1523, by Cardinal Albrecht de Brandenburg, archbishop-elector of Mainz.