The synagogue, dated to the 2nd Temple period (50BC - 100AD) is one of the oldest ever found, and was unearthed at Migdal, which Christians believe to be the birthplace of Mary Magdalene, a leading follower of Jesus. Archaeologists were particularly excited by the discovery of the stone depicting the menorah -- a seven-branched candelabrum -- from the Jewish Second Temple which was destroyed in 70 AD during the Roman siege of Jerusalem.
THE FIRST HEBREW INSCRIPTION OF BETHLEHEM IS 2700 YEARS OLD. The 1.5 cm discovery is the oldest proof of the existence of Bethlehem in the First Temple period and was found in Jerusalem . AT THE ISRAEL MUSEUM
The Merneptah Stele—also known as the Israel Stele or Victory Stele of Merneptah—is an inscription by the Ancient Egyptian king Merneptah (reign: 1213 to 1203 BC) discovered by Flinders Petrie in 1896 at Thebes, and now housed in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.