❖ July 2, 1809 ❖ Shawnee Chief Tecumseh calls on all Indians to unite and resist. Together, Tecumseh argued, the various tribes had enough strength to stop the whites from taking further land. By 1810, he had organized the Ohio Valley Confederacy, which united Indians from the Shawnee, Potawatomi, Kickapoo, Winnebago, Menominee, Ottawa, and Wyandot nations.
“The color of the skin makes no difference. What is good and just for one is good and just for the other, and the Great Spirit made all men brothers. I have a red skin, but my grandfather was a white man. What does it matter? It is not the color of my skin that makes me good or bad.” - Chief White Shield
Wording on Display: Greenville treaty pipe. Presented to the Shawnee, 1814. "The way, the only way to stop this evil, is for all the red men to unite in claiming a common and equal right in the land." These were the words of the great Shawnee leader, Tecumseh, who tried to create a united Indian nation to resist white territorial expansion. The acceptance of the Greenville treaty pipe by the Shawnee, as an individual tribe, symbolized the end of Tecumseh's vision.
Tecumseh a leader and visionary wanted to form a Confederacy of Indian Nations for dealing with treaties, so that diverse native groups could have more understanding and more control of the land being discussed. When a US general refused to allow Tecumseh's Confederacy to have its capital at Tippecanoe, Tecumseh sought Britain as an ally. However, when Tecumseh was killed in 1813, the plans for a First Nations Confederacy fell apart. The painting of Tecumseh supposed to be his best likeness.
Tecumseh March 1768 – October 5, 1813) was a Native American leader of the Shawnee and a large tribal confederacy (known as Tecumseh's Confederacy) which opposed the United States during Tecumseh's War and the War of 1812. Tecumseh has become an iconic folk hero in American, Aboriginal and Canadian history. Tecumseh grew up in the Ohio Country during the American Revolutionary War
Blue Jacket or Weyapiersenwah, his Indian name (c. 1743 – c. 1810) was a war chief of the Shawnee people, known for his militant defense of Shawnee lands in the Ohio Country. Perhaps the preeminent American Indian leader in the Northwest Indian War, in which a pan-tribal confederacy fought several battles with the nascent United States, he was an important predecessor of the famous Shawnee leader Tecumseh.