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❖ July 2, 1809 ❖ Shawnee Chief Tecumseh calls on all Indians to unite and resist. Together, Tecumseh argued, the various tribes had enough strength to stop the whites from taking further land. By 1810, he had organized the Ohio Valley Confederacy, which united Indians from the Shawnee, Potawatomi, Kickapoo, Winnebago, Menominee, Ottawa, and Wyandot nations.

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Anadarko, Oklahoma: Indian City, U.S.A.

The Pawnee were originally residents of Nebraska and Kansas. The Pawnee tribe was forced to move to a reservation in Oklahoma during the late 1800's, and most are still living in Oklahoma today.

Wording on Display: Greenville treaty pipe. Presented to the Shawnee, 1814. "The way, the only way to stop this evil, is for all the red men to unite in claiming a common and equal right in the land." These were the words of the great Shawnee leader, Tecumseh, who tried to create a united Indian nation to resist white territorial expansion. The acceptance of the Greenville treaty pipe by the Shawnee, as an individual tribe, symbolized the end of Tecumseh's vision.

Antique Native American Indians Illustration Color Plate 1901. $28.00, via Etsy.

Tecumseh a leader and visionary wanted to form a Confederacy of Indian Nations for dealing with treaties, so that diverse native groups could have more understanding and more control of the land being discussed. When a US general refused to allow Tecumseh's Confederacy to have its capital at Tippecanoe, Tecumseh sought Britain as an ally. However, when Tecumseh was killed in 1813, the plans for a First Nations Confederacy fell apart. The painting of Tecumseh supposed to be his best likeness.

Blue Jacket or Weyapiersenwah, his Indian name (c. 1743 – c. 1810) was a war chief of the Shawnee people, known for his militant defense of Shawnee lands in the Ohio Country. Perhaps the preeminent American Indian leader in the Northwest Indian War, in which a pan-tribal confederacy fought several battles with the nascent United States, he was an important predecessor of the famous Shawnee leader Tecumseh.

Chief Tecumseh: Tecumseh (War of 1812). His name means: "a flying tiger". A Shawnee Native, born of a Creek mother, near the banks of Mad River, a few miles from Springfield, Ohio.

The "Romantic Side" of Shawnee Warrior "Tecumseh" (1768-1813) of Ohio & Indiana ... In the early 1800s while Ohio was becoming an "official" State, Tecumseh lived in a Shawnee village, called "Old Chillicothe", near Xenia, Ohio. Although his "goal" was to unite most of the Native American tribes within the USA to push all white settlers east of the Appalachian mountains, he permitted at least two white families to live within his Ohio territory: The Irish "Galloways" of Xenia, and Ohio...