❖ December 27, 1932 ❖ At the height of the Great Depression, thousands turn out for the opening of Radio City Music Hall, a magnificent Art Deco theater in New York City. Since its opening, more than 300 million people have gone to Radio City to enjoy movies, stage shows, concerts, and special events. Today, Radio City Music Hall remains the largest indoor theater in the world.
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Radio City Music Hall at Rockefeller Center in New York City (1929-1940) developed by John D. Rockefeller Jr. The Radio City Music Hall was designed by architect Edward Durell Stone and interior designer Donald Deskey in the Art Deco style. via wikipedia
Radio City Music Hall, #NewYork #NY
Radio City Music Hall, NYC - world's largest theatre
❖ December 1, 1955 ❖ In Montgomery, Alabama, Rosa Parks is jailed for refusing to give up her seat on a public bus to a white man, a violation of the city's racial segregation laws. The successful Montgomery Bus Boycott, organized by a young Baptist minister named Martin Luther King, Jr., followed Park's historic act of civil disobedience.
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The Montgomery Bus Boycott, a seminal event in the U.S. civil rights movement, was a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama. The campaign lasted from December 1, 1955, when Rosa Parks, an African American woman, was arrested for refusing to surrender her seat to a white person, to December 20, 1956, when a federal ruling, Browder v. Gayle, took effect, and led to a United States Supreme Court decision that declared the Alabama and Montgomery laws requiring segregated buses to be unconstitutional. Many important figures in the civil rights movement took part in the boycott, including Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. and Ralph Abernathy.
This pin is about Rosa Parks. Rosa Parks is a civil rights activist that refused to remain within the confines of racial segregation. She had a strong will, and she fought a major injustice that was done to her people for many years. She is most famous for the public stance she took in 1955. She refused to give up her seat to a caucasian man, and she was arrested. Her actions gave many African Americans the confidence they needed to proceed strongly with the Civil Rights Movements.
A key figure of the Civil Rights Movement, Rosa Parks sits near the front of a bus in Montgomery, Alabama in 1956, just one year after she was arrested for refusing to give up her seat to a white male on a bus in the city. this lead to the Montgomery bus boycott. #rosaparks #montgomery #alabama
Rosa Parks is known as "the mother of the civil rights movement." Standing up to a white man and not giving up her seat on the bus made her a major inspiration in African American history. In history, blacks were obligated to give their seats up to white men and women. However, Rosa did not. She stood up for her freedom and her race, and it made her a very well-remembered lady.
In honor of Black History Month, TFK asks several African American leaders to share whom in history inspired them most.
❖ January 30, 1972 ❖ In Londonderry, Northern Ireland, 13 unarmed civil rights demonstrators are shot dead by British Army paratroopers in an event that became known as "Bloody Sunday." The protesters, all Northern Catholics, were marching in protest of the British policy of internment of suspected Irish nationalists. British authorities had ordered the march banned, and sent troops to confront the demonstrators when it went ahead.
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Τα αιματηρά γεγονότα της 30ης Ιανουαρίου του 1972 στο Ντέρι της Βορείου Ιρλανδίας ήταν η 4η κατά σειρά και ίσως γνωστότερη, Ματωμένη Κυριακή.
❖ January 25, 1924 ❖ The first Winter Olympics take off in style at Chamonix in the French Alps. Spectators were thrilled by the ski jump and bobsled as well as 12 other events involving a total of six sports. Scandinavians dominated the speed rinks and slopes, and Norway won the unofficial team competition with 17 medals. The United States came in third, winning its only gold medal with Charles Jewtraw's victory in the 500-meter speed-skating event.
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The United States is represented during opening ceremonies for the 1924 Winter Olympics in Chamonix, France, on Jan. 25, 1924.
❖ January 15, 1967 ❖ At the Los Angeles Coliseum, the Green Bay Packers beat the Kansas City Chiefs in the first-ever world championship game of American football. In that historic first game--played before a non-sell-out crowd of 61,946 people--Green Bay scored three touchdowns in the second half to defeat Kansas City 35-10. For their win, each member of the Packers collected $15,000: the largest single-game share in the history of team sports.
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#15 Bart Star the Star Quarterback of Green Bay Packers on the Jan 15th, 1967 played Superbowl One. Green Bay beat the KC Chiefs 35-10. And so ... it all started when we were growing up in the 1960's.
Jan. 15, 1967, Green Bay Packers beat the Kansas City Chiefs 35-10 in the First Super Bowl.
❖ January 11, 1908 ❖ U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt declares the massive Grand Canyon in northwestern Arizona a national monument. "Let this great wonder of nature remain as it now is," he declared. "You cannot improve on it. But what you can do is keep it for your children, your children’s children, and all who come after you, as the one great sight which every American should see."
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The Grand Canyon- Another beautiful place I want to visit. I lived in AZ all my life and still have not been. First things, first!
Grand Canyon, Arizona. Hopefully our next vacation spot--in the Spring. 1 off my bucket list.
Grand Canyon, Arizona, USA
One of my favorite places in America.
Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona
❖ January 10, 1901 ❖ On this day, a drilling derrick at Spindletop Hill near Beaumont, Texas, produces an enormous gusher of crude oil, coating the landscape for hundreds of feet and signaling the advent of the American oil industry. Beaumont became a "black gold" boomtown, its population tripling in three months. The town filled up with oil workers, investors, merchants and con men (leading some people to dub it "Swindletop").
Oil Fields, Oil Boom, Oilfields History, Oil Gusher, Black Gold, Texas Teas, Texas Oil, Oil Well, Lucas Gusher
On this date January 10th, 1901 the Texas Oil Boom began with the Lucas Gusher at Spindletop in Beaumont, Texas.
Lucas gusher - 1st major oil well in TX - 1901
On January 10, 1901, a well (Lucas Geyser) at Spindletop Hill in Beaumont, Texas struck oil. It took nine days to cap the well which ignited the Texas Oil Boom. The oil field which followed catapulted the United States into the largest producer of oil in the world.
Spindletop, the first major oil gusher. The Lucas Gusher at Spindletop Hill, South of Beaumont
Black Gold, Texas Tea . . .
❖ November 29, 1947 ❖ Despite strong Arab opposition, the United Nations votes for the partition of Palestine and the creation of an independent Jewish state.
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UN General Assembly Resolution 181 (II). Date: November 29, 1947. Meeting no.: 128. Code: A/RES/181(II) (Document). Vote: For: 33 Abs.: 10 Against: 13. Result: Recommendation to the United Kingdom, as the mandatory Power for Palestine, and to all other Members of the United Nations the adoption and implementation, with regard to the future government of Palestine, of the Plan of Partition with Economic Union set out in the resolution.
❖ November 25, 1963 ❖ Three days after his assassination in Dallas, Texas, John F. Kennedy is laid to rest at Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia. Leaders of 99 nations gathered for the state funeral. Kennedy was buried with full military honors on a slope below Arlington House, where an eternal flame was lit by his widow to forever mark the grave.
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❖ November 22, 1988 ❖ In the presence of members of Congress and the media, the Northrop B-2 "stealth" bomber is shown publicly for the first time at Air Force Plant 42 in Palmdale, California. Designed with stealth characteristics that would allow it to penetrate an enemy's most sophisticated defenses unnoticed, at the time of its public unveiling, the B-2 had not even been flown on a test flight.
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B 2 Spirit
#B2 #Spirit - #Stealth Bomber. #militaryaircraft
B2 Stealth Bomber - I've seen two of these on the wing and was in awe. I'm glad they haven't been used that often.
B2 Stealth.AKA bad ass airplane! Love them.
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❖ November 22, 1963 ❖ John Fitzgerald Kennedy, the 35th president of the United States, is assassinated while traveling through Dallas, Texas, in an open-top convertible. Vice President Lyndon Johnson, who was three cars behind President Kennedy in the motorcade, was sworn in as the 36th president of the United States at 2:39 p.m. He took the presidential oath of office aboard Air Force One as it sat on the runway at Dallas Love Field airport.
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Washington, Aug. 6 -- The White House and War Department announced today that an atomic bomb, possessing more power than 20,000 tons of TNT, a destructive force equal to the load of 2,000 B-29's and more than 2,000 times the blast power of what previously was the world's most devastating bomb, had been dropped on Japan. http://foundersacademy.net
❖ August 6, 1945 ❖ At 8:16 a.m. Japanese time, the American B-29 bomber "Enola Gay" drops the world's first atom bomb over the city of Hiroshima. Approximately 80,000 people are killed as a direct result of the blast, and another 35,000 are injured. U.S. President Harry S. Truman made the decision to use the atom bomb to end the war in order to prevent what he predicted would be a much greater loss of life were the United States to invade the Japanese mainland.
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old newspaper headlines | First Atomic Bomb Dropped on Japan; Missile Is Equal to 20,000 Tons of ...
Hiroshima Front Page
❖ August 1, 1961 ❖ Amusement park lovers "head for the thrills" as Six Flags Over Texas opens. Located on 212 acres in Arlington, Texas, the park was the first to feature log flume and mine train rides and later, the first 360-degree looping roller coaster, modern parachute drop and man-made river rapids ride. The park also pioneered the concept of all-inclusive admission price. During its opening year, a day at Six Flags cost $2.75 for an adult and $2.25 for a child.
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Map of Six Flags Over Texas Opening Season 1961. I remember going to SF as a kid in the 70s and working there as a teenager in the 80s....good times.
Map of #SixFlagsOverTexas Opening Season 1961 #vintage #retro
❖ July 29, 1958 ❖ U.S. Congress passes legislation establishing the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), a civilian agency responsible for coordinating America's activities in space. NASA was created in response to the Soviet Union's October 4, 1957 launch of its first satellite, "Sputnik I." The United States prided itself on being at the forefront of technology, and, embarrassed, immediately began developing a response, signaling the start of the U.S.-Soviet space race.
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1958 nasa founded -
❖ July 24, 1911 ❖ American archeologist Hiram Bingham gets his first look at Machu Picchu, an ancient Inca settlement in Peru, believed to have been a summer retreat for Inca leaders, whose civilization was virtually wiped out by Spanish invaders in the 16th century. For hundreds of years afterwards, its existence was a secret known only to the peasants living in the region.
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Dinge en Goete (Things and Stuff): This Day in History: Jul 24, 1911: Machu Picchu discovered
First pictures of Machu Picchu 1912 - Google Search
❖ July 20, 1969 ❖ At 10:56 p.m. EDT, American astronaut Neil Armstrong, 240,000 miles from Earth, speaks these words to more than a billion people listening at home: "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind." Stepping off the lunar landing module Eagle, Armstrong became the first human to walk on the surface of the moon.
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❖ July 16, 1945 ❖ At 5:29:45 a.m., the Manhattan Project comes to an explosive end as the first atom bomb is successfully tested in Alamogordo, New Mexico, 120 miles south of Santa Fe. Scientists and dignitaries had removed themselves 10,000 yards away to observe as the first mushroom cloud of searing light stretched 40,000 feet into the air and generated the destructive power of 15,000 to 20,000 tons of TNT. The tower on which the bomb sat when detonated was vaporized.
Mushrooms Cloud, Atoms Bombs, 10 000 Yard, Nuclear Explosio
❖ July 10, 1925 ❖ In Dayton, Tennessee, the so-called "Monkey Trial" begins with John Thomas Scopes, a young high school science teacher, accused of teaching evolution in violation of a Tennessee state law. William J Bryan, Democratic presidential candidate and fundamentalist hero, assisted the prosecution. Attorney Clarence Darrow joined the ACLU in the defense, and the stage was set for one of the most famous trials in U.S. history.
❖ July 4, 1776 ❖ In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the Continental Congress adopts the Declaration of Independence, which proclaims the independence of the United States of America from Great Britain and its king. The declaration came 442 days after the first volleys of the American Revolution were fired at Lexington and Concord in Massachusetts and marked an ideological expansion of the conflict that would eventually encourage France's intervention on behalf of the Patriots.
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Declaration of Independence is the most famous written document in US history. It was written by Thomas Jefferson and declares independence from Britain. John Hankock was the first to sign.
According to the Declaration of Independence, the citizens of First Nations are "merciless Indian savages, whose known rule of warfare is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes, and conditions." - the American "Revolution" wasn't really a revolution at all, but a counterrevolution.
Library of Congress Lesson Plan 2: The era of legal segregation in America, from Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) to Brown v. The Board of Education, Topeka, Kansas (1954), is seldom fully explored by students of American history and government. It is important for students to develop an understanding of the complex themes and concepts of African American life in the first half of the 20th century to provide a foundation for a more meaningful understanding of the modern Civil Rights Movement.
❖ June 25, 1876 ❖ Native American forces led by Chiefs Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull defeat the U.S. Army troops of Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer in a bloody battle near southern Montana's Little Bighorn River. The Battle of Little Bighorn--also called Custer's Last Stand--marked the most decisive Native American victory and the worst U.S. Army defeat in the long Plains Indian War.
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NEVER FORGET THE MASSACRE OF THE NATIVE INDIANS. Custer's Last Stand : On June 25, 1876 General George Armstrong Custer and his entire force were defeated and killed by Lakota and Northern Cheyenne Indians, led by Sitting Bull, at the Battle of Little Bighorn, in Montana Territory.
Nebraska Photos — History.com Picture Galleries
Native American Warriors and Battles — History.com Photo Galleries
❖ June 16, 1884 ❖ The first roller coaster in America opens at Coney Island, in Brooklyn, New York. Known as a switchback railway, it was the brainchild of LaMarcus Thompson, traveled approximately six miles per hour and cost a nickel to ride. The new entertainment was an instant success and by the turn of the century there were hundreds of roller coasters around the country.
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On June 16, 1884, the first roller coaster in America opens at Coney Island, in Brooklyn, New York. Known as a switchback railway, it was the invention of LaMarcus Thompson.
LaMarcus Adna Thompson built the first roller coaster designed as an amusement ride in America. The "Switchback Railway" opened in 1884 on Coney Island.
❖ June 14, 1777 ❖ The Continental Congress adopts a resolution stating that "the flag of the United States be thirteen alternate stripes red and white" and that "the Union be thirteen stars, white in a blue field, representing a new Constellation." The national flag, which became known as the "Stars and Stripes," was based on the "Grand Union" flag, a banner carried by the Continental Army in 1776 that also consisted of 13 red and white stripes.
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#ThrowbackThursday Although it is a bit of a controversy in American history, the American flag was first formed in 1776 when George Washington, Robert Morris, and George Ross asked Betsy Ross to sew the first American flag. What started as a mere piece of cloth with stars & stripes, has turned into an icon that represents freedom for a nation.
First US Flag - presented by Betsy Ross
June 14, 1777, congress declares the flag should have thirteen white stars in a blue background and thirteen alternate red and white stripes. The red means hardiness and valor. White signifies purity and innocence. The white stripes also indicate secession from England’s monarchist rule. Blue is the color of the Chief and represents freedom and justice. The star symbolizes heaven and the goal all our forefathers strived for.
Happy 4th of July!
❖ June 9, 1973 ❖ With a spectacular victory at the Belmont Stakes, Secretariat becomes the first horse since Citation in 1948 to win America's coveted Triple Crown--the Kentucky Derby, the Preakness, and the Belmont Stakes. In one of the finest performances in racing history, Secretariat, ridden by Ron Turcotte, completed the 1.5-mile race in 2 minutes and 24 seconds, a dirt-track record for that distance.
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This is Secretariat, the 1973 Triple Crown winner.
Secretariat (1970-1989) was sired by Bold Ruler out of Somethingroyal; Grandsire: Nasrullah; Damsire: Princequillo. Secretariat was undeniably one of the greatest racehorses ever (in most estimations right there beside Man O'War and Seabiscuit) with a racing record of 16 wins in 21 starts (16-3-1). He was the American Champion 2-Year-Old Colt in 1972 and Horse of the Year, the American Champion 3-Year-Old Colt in 1973 as well as the American Champion Male Turf Horse and again Horse of the Year. His Triple Crown championship has been unmatched: he set race records in all three that still stand today. He was the leading broodmare sire in North America in 1992 and in 1999 was honored with his image on a U.S. Postage Stamp. His major wins include the Sanford Stakes, Hopeful Stakes, Futurity Stakes, Laurel Futurity, and the Garden State Futurity in 1972; the Bay Shore Stakes, Gotham Stakes, Arlington Invitational, Marlboro Cup, Man O'War Stakes, Canadian International and of course the Triple Crown in 1973. Anyone who ever saw "Big Red" run would never forget him; was truly the horse that God built. Secretariat was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1974.
Secretariat, the horse of the century retires. Aqueduct Race Track is the scene of the farewell to the greatest race horse this century His loyal legions turned out to see Big Red parade for the last time on a race track before his journey to stud at Claiborne Farm..
❖ June 6, 1944 ❖ D-Day: the day the Allied powers crossed the English Channel and landed on the beaches of Normandy, France, beginning the liberation of Western Europe from Nazi control during World War II. Within three months, the northern part of France would be freed and the invasion force would be preparing to enter Germany, where they would meet up with Soviet forces moving in from the east.
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June 6, 1944: D-Day - Allied Armies Land in France, Great Invasion is Underway. -- The New York Times
❖ June 1, 1980 ❖ CNN (Cable News Network), the world's first 24-hour television news network, makes its debut. The network signed on at 6 p.m. EST from its headquarters in Atlanta, Georgia, with a lead story about the attempted assassination of civil rights leader Vernon Jordan. CNN went on to change the notion that news could only be reported at fixed times throughout the day.