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    Daisy Bates (1859 – 1951) was an Australian journalist, welfare worker and lifelong student of Australian Aboriginal culture and society. After getting her first job as a governess in Dublin at age 18, there was a scandal, which resulted in the young man of the house taking his own life. Bates was forced to leave Ireland and started a new life in Australia. She was known among the native people as 'Kabbarli' (grandmother).

    Robert Graves, c. 1914, age 19. Reported dead at the Somme, Graves was one of the few of his generation to survive the war. He became a translator, poet, and novelist, and was the author of I, Claudius. Graves died at the age of 90 in 1985. Submitted by rrendyourheart

    Tesla

    Kate Warne: This is the only probable picture of Kate Warne, the first female detective. Not only was she the first detective, but she even went on to save the life of president elect Abraham Lincoln after uncovering a plot to assassinate him on the way to Washington D.C. to take office. She was best known for being a master of disguise, able to switch from Union soldier, to Southern debutante, to a harmless grandmother.

    Steve Mellon, Post-Gazette, Sunday October 14, 2012: Ralph C. Lincoln, a distant cousin of the Great Emancipator: "Abe was like, 6-3 ... 6-4?. I don't meet his height but I meet his good looks."

    Bessie Smith, blues singer. Once, when performing a tent show in a Southern town, members of the Ku Klux Klan, in full Klan regalia, surrounded the tent, threatening to pull it down and trap everyone inside. Smith stormed out and confronted them, shouting, “You had better pick up them sheets and run!” The men took to their heels.

    Ellen Swallow Richards - the foremost female industrial & environmental chemist in the 19th-century US, pioneering the field of home economics. She was the first woman admitted to MIT & its first female instructor; the first woman in the US accepted to any school of science or Technology, & the first American woman with a degree in chemistry.

    Judge Roy Bean

    Victoria Claflin Woodhull, font of scandals and larger than life, was the first woman candidate for President of the United States in 1872 from the Equal Rights Party supporting women's suffrage.

    Real Life Hero: Nancy Wake, aka the White Mouse. She and her husband helped rescue hundreds of Jews from the Nazis. When the Gestapo closed in he was captured and killed, but she escaped to Spain and then Britain where she trained as a spy. She parachuted back into France in 1944 and led a band of 7000 resistance fighters. Died August of 2011 at age 98.

    Emma Goldman, anarchist and activist -- "If I can't dance, I don't want to be part of your revolution." Her life, from 1869-1940, spanned great movements of two centuries. She was an early advocate of free speech, birth control, women’s equality, and union organization. Deported from the USin 1919, she participated in great social and political movements of her age, including the Russian Revolution and the Spanish Civil War.

    Nellie Bly - Pen name of pioneering femail journalist Elizabeth Cochran who posed as a mental patient to write an expose in 1887 and travelled around the world in 72 days.

    Queen Liliʻuokalani - last ruler of Hawaii - as a teenager. Her statement of surrender to the US ended: "...Now, to avoid any collision of armed forces and perhaps loss of life, I do, under this protest, and impelled by said forces, yield my authority until such time as the Government of the United States shall, upon the facts being presented to it, undo the action of its representative and reinstate me in the authority which I claim as the constitutional sovereign of the Hawaiian Islands."

    Laura Ingalls Wilder

    Fannie Lou Hamer was a Mississippi sharecropper in 1962 when she volunteered to register to vote, even though putting her life in danger. She endured harassment, eviction, arrest, & beatings to become a key organizer in Mississippi Freedom Summer 1964."I guess if I'd had any sense, I'd have been a little scared - but what was the point of being scared? The only thing they could do was kill me, and it kinda seemed like they'd been trying to do that a little bit at a time since I could remember."

    Marie Curie was a woman before her time. Born in 1867, in Poland, she was a genius in physics and in chemistry; she is the first woman ever to receive a Nobel Prize and the only woman in history to receive two Nobel Prizes.

    For almost 70 years, Lucy Parsons fought for the rights of the poor and disenfranchised in the face of an increasingly oppressive industrial economic system. Her radical activism challenged the racist and sexist sentiment in a time when it was assumed that women were biologically determined to stay at home barefoot and pregnant. The Chicago police labeled her “more dangerous than a thousand rioters.”

    R. Norris Williams - survived the sinking of the Titanic but was told to have his legs amputated due to severe frostbite. Refused the doctor's advise and two years later, in 1914, won the men's singles title in the U.S. Championships.

    Sister Elizabeth Kenny. Australian Nurse. Came up with a different treatment for Polio Victims and changed medical history.

    The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks -- A poor black tobacco farmer whose cells—taken without her knowledge in 1951 and now called HeLa cells—became one of the most important tools in medicine, vital for developing the polio vaccine, cloning, gene mapping, in vitro fertilization, and more. Henrietta’s cells have been bought and sold by the billions, yet she remains virtually unknown, and her family can’t afford health insurance.

    Celebrate the life and times of Ann Petry (October 12, 1908 – April 28, 1997); an African American author who became the first black woman writer with book sales topping a million copies for her novel The Street.